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6-2
6-2 Multiplying Polynomials
Warm Up
Lesson Presentation
Lesson Quiz
Holt
Algebra
Holt
Algebra
22
6-2
Multiplying Polynomials
Warm Up
Multiply.
1. x(x3) x4
2. 3x2(x5) 3x7
3. 2(5x3) 10x3
4. x(6x2) 6x3
5. xy(7x2)
7x3y
6. 3y2(–3y)
–9y3
Holt Algebra 2
6-2
Multiplying Polynomials
Holt Algebra 2
6-2
Multiplying Polynomials
Objectives
Multiply polynomials.
Use binomial expansion to expand
binomial expressions that are raised to
positive integer powers.
Holt Algebra 2
6-2
Multiplying Polynomials
Example 1: Multiplying a Monomial and a Polynomial
Find each product.
A. 4y2(y2 + 3)
4y2(y2 + 3)
4y2  y2 + 4y2  3
4y4 + 12y2
Distribute.
Multiply.
B. fg(f4 + 2f3g – 3f2g2 + fg3)
fg(f4 + 2f3g – 3f2g2 + fg3)
fg  f4 + fg  2f3g – fg  3f2g2 + fg  fg3 Distribute.
f5g + 2f4g2 – 3f3g3 + f2g4
Multiply.
Holt Algebra 2
6-2
Multiplying Polynomials
Check It Out! Example 1
Find each product.
a. 3cd2(4c2d – 6cd + 14cd2)
3cd2(4c2d – 6cd + 14cd2)
3cd2  4c2d – 3cd2  6cd + 3cd2  14cd2
12c3d3 – 18c2d3 + 42c2d4
Distribute.
Multiply.
b. x2y(6y3 + y2 – 28y + 30)
x2y(6y3 + y2 – 28y + 30)
x2y  6y3 + x2y  y2 – x2y  28y + x2y  30 Distribute.
6x2y4 + x2y3 – 28x2y2 + 30x2y
Multiply.
Holt Algebra 2
6-2
Multiplying Polynomials
To multiply any two polynomials, use the
Distributive Property and multiply each term in
the second polynomial by each term in the first.
Keep in mind that if one polynomial has m terms
and the other has n terms, then the product has
mn terms before it is simplified.
Holt Algebra 2
6-2
Multiplying Polynomials
Example 2A: Multiplying Polynomials
Find the product.
(a – 3)(2 – 5a + a2)
a3 – 8a2 + 17a – 6
Holt Algebra 2
Combine like terms.
6-2
Multiplying Polynomials
Example 2B: Multiplying Polynomials
Find the product.
(y2 – 7y + 5)(y2 – y – 3)
Multiply each term of one polynomial by each term of
the other. Use a table to organize the products.
y2
–y
–3
The top left corner is the first
2
4
3
2
y
y
–y –3y
term in the product. Combine
terms along diagonals to get
–7y –7y3 7y2 21y
the middle terms. The bottom
right corner is the last term in
5
2
5y
–5y –15 the product.
y4 + (–7y3 – y3 ) + (5y2 + 7y2 – 3y2) + (–5y + 21y) – 15
y4 – 8y3 + 9y2 + 16y – 15
Holt Algebra 2
6-2
Multiplying Polynomials
Check It Out! Example 2a
Find the product.
(3b – 2c)(3b2 – bc – 2c2)
9b3 – 9b2c – 4bc2 + 4c3
Holt Algebra 2
Combine like terms.
6-2
Multiplying Polynomials
Check It Out! Example 2b
Find the product.
(x2 – 4x + 1)(x2 + 5x – 2)
Multiply each term of one polynomial by each term of
the other. Use a table to organize the products.
x2
–4x
1
The top left corner is the first
2
4
3
2
x
x
–4x
x
term in the product. Combine
terms along diagonals to get
2
5x 5x3 –20x
5x
the middle terms. The bottom
right corner is the last term in
–2 –2x2 8x
–2
the product.
x4 + (–4x3 + 5x3) + (–2x2 – 20x2 + x2) + (8x + 5x) – 2
x4 + x3 – 21x2 + 13x – 2
Holt Algebra 2
6-2
Multiplying Polynomials
Example 3: Business Application
A standard Burly Box is p ft by 3p ft by 4p ft. A
large Burly Box has 1.5 ft added to each
dimension. Write a polynomial V(p) in standard
form that can be used to find the volume of a
large Burly Box.
The volume of a large Burly Box is the product of the
area of the base and height. V(p) = A(p)  h(p)
The area of the base of the large Burly Box is the
product of the length and width of the box.
A(p) = l(p)  w(p)
The length, width, and height of the large Burly Box
are greater than that of the standard Burly Box. l(p)
= p + 1.5, w(p) = 3p + 1.5, h(p) = 4p + 1.5
Holt Algebra 2
6-2
Multiplying Polynomials
Example 3: Business Application
Solve A(p) = l(p)  w(p).
p + 1.5
 3p + 1.5
1.5p + 2.25
3p2 + 4.5p
3p2 + 6p + 2.25
Solve V(p) = A(p)  h(p).
3p2 + 6p + 2.25
 4p + 1.5
4.5p2 + 9p + 3.375
12p3 + 24p2 + 9p
12p3 + 28.5p2 + 18p + 3.375
The volume of a large Burly Box can be modeled by
V(p) = 12p3 + 28.5p2 + 18p + 3.375
Holt Algebra 2
6-2
Multiplying Polynomials
Notice the coefficients of the variables in the final
product of (a + b)3. these coefficients are the numbers
from the third row of Pascal's triangle.
Each row of Pascal’s triangle gives the coefficients of the
corresponding binomial expansion. The pattern in the table
can be extended to apply to the expansion of any binomial
of the form (a + b)n, where n is a whole number.
Holt Algebra 2
6-2
Multiplying Polynomials
This information is formalized by the Binomial
Theorem, which you will study further in Chapter 11.
Holt Algebra 2
6-2
Multiplying Polynomials
Lesson Quiz
Find each product.
1. 5jk(k – 2j) 5jk2 – 10j2k 2. (2a3 – a + 3)(a2 + 3a – 5)
2a5 + 6a4 – 11a3 + 14a – 15
3. The number of items is modeled by
0.3x2 + 0.1x + 2, and the cost per item is
modeled by g(x) = –0.1x2 – 0.3x + 5. Write a
polynomial c(x) that can be used to model the
total cost. –0.03x4 – 0.1x3 + 1.27x2 – 0.1x + 10
4. Find the product.
(y – 5)4 y4 – 20y3 + 150y2 – 500y + 625
5. Expand the expression.
(3a – b)3 27a3 – 27a2b + 9ab2 – b3
Holt Algebra 2
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