ch10 - Northwest Missouri State University

Medical Terminology
A Living Language
Chapter 10
Reproductive System
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Multimedia Directory
Slide 15
Slide 33
Slide 45
Slide 46
Slide 49
Slide 52
Slide 53
Slide 54
Slide 55
Slide 81
Slide 84
Slide 92
Slide 94
Female Reproductive System Animation
Female Reproductive Anatomy Exercise
Labor First Stage Video 1
Labor First Stage Video 2
Labor Second Stage Video
Labor Third Stage Video 1
Labor Third Stage Video 2
Labor Third Stage Video 3
Infant Delivery Video
Breast Cancer Video
Preeclampsia Video
Apgar Score Video
Fetal Heart Rate Video
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Multimedia Directory
Slide 98
Slide 119
Slide 142
Slide 150
Slide 162
Cesarean Delivery Video
Male Reproductive Anatomy Animation
Male Reproductive Anatomy Exercise
Erectile Dysfunction Video
Vasectomy Video
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Female Reproductive System
at a Glance

Functions of Female Reproductive System





Produces ova
Provides location for fertilization
Provides location for development of fetus
Secretes female sex hormones
Produces milk to nourish infant
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Female Reproductive System
at a Glance

Organs of Female Reproductive System






Ovaries
Fallopian tubes
Uterus
Vagina
Vulva
Breasts
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Female Combining Forms








amni/o
cervic/o
chori/o
colp/o
culd/o
embry/o
episi/o
fet/o
amnion
neck, cervix
chorion
vagina
cul-de-sac
embryo
vulva
fetus
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Female Combining Forms








gynec/o
hymen/o
hyster/o
lact/o
mamm/o
mast/o
men/o
metr/o
woman, female
hymen
uterus
milk
breast
breast
menses, menstruation
uterus
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Female Combining Forms









nat/o
oophor/o
ov/o
ovari/o
perine/o
salping/o
uter/o
vagin/o
vulv/o
birth
ovary
egg
ovary
perineum
fallopian tubes, uterine tubes
uterus
vagina
vulva
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Female Suffixes







–arche
–cyesis
–gravida
–para
–partum
–salpinx
–tocia
beginning
state of pregnancy
pregnancy
to bear (offspring)
childbirth
fallopian tube
labor, childbirth
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Anatomy and Physiology - Function





Ovaries produce ova
Fallopian (uterine) tubes are most common
site for fertilization to take place
Uterus provides location for development of
fetus
Breasts nourish infant
Ovaries produce female sex hormones
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Internal Genitalia

Internal organs located in pelvic cavity




Uterus
Two ovaries
Two fallopian (uterine) tubes
Vagina
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Figure 10.1 – Organs of the female reproductive system.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
External Genitalia

External organs
 Also called vulva




Labia majora
Labia minora
Clitoris
Region between vagina and anus

Perineum
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Female Reproductive System
Animation
Click here to view an animation of the female reproductive system.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Back
to Directory
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
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Ovaries

Two almond-shaped glands
 Located on each side of pelvic cavity
 Produce and release ova


Approximately every 28 days
Secretes female sex hormones
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Figure 10.2 – Structure of the ovary and fallopian (uterine) tube.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Female Sex Hormones

Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and
luteinizing hormone (LH)




Secreted by the anterior pituitary
Stimulate maturation of ovum
Trigger ovulation
Estrogen and progesterone



Secreted by ovary
Prepare endometrium to receive fertilized ovum
Female secondary sexual characteristics
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Figure 10.3 – An ovum (pink) released by the ovary at ovulation
surrounded by follicle (white) tissue. (P.M. Motta and J. Van
Blekrom/Science Photo Library/Photo Researchers, Inc.)
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Fallopian Tubes

Also called uterine tubes or oviducts
 Purpose is to transport ovum from ovary to
uterus
 Fertilization typically occurs within upper half
of fallopian tubes
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Fallopian Tubes

5½ inches long
 Project from either
side of uterus
 End with finger-like
projections

Fimbriae
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Figure 10.4 – Fallopian (uterine) tube, showing released ovum within
the fallopian tube.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Uterus

Pear shaped organ
in center of pelvic
cavity
 Regions



Fundus
Corpus
Cervix
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Layers of the Uterus

Endometrium


Myometrium



Inner layer
Middle layer
Thick muscle
Perimetrium

Outer layer
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Figure 10.5 – The uterus.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Endometrium






Inner layer of uterus
Contains rich blood supply
Reacts to estrogen and progesterone
Thickens to receive ovum
Fertilized egg implants here
Provides nourishment and protection to
embryo
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Menstruation

Menstrual period



Menarche


When pregnancy does not occur
Endometrium is sloughed off
First menstrual period
Menopause

End of menstrual activity and childbearing
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Vagina

Thin muscular tube
 Lined with mucous
membrane
 Extends from cervix
to outside of body


Vaginal orifice
Allows for passage
of menstrual flow
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Vagina

During intercourse, receives male penis and
semen
 Serves as birth canal
 Hymen



Thin membranous tissue
Partially covers external vaginal opening
Bartholin’s glands

Secrete mucus for lubrication during intercourse
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Figure 10.6 – The vagina.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Vulva

Labia majora and
minora




Folds of skin
Protective covering
Also protects urinary
meatus
Clitoris

Erectile tissue
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Figure 10.7 – The vulva.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Female Reproductive Anatomy
Exercise
Click here to review the female reproductive organs in a labeling activity.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Back
to Directory
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
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Breasts

Also called
mammary glands
 Lactiferous glands



Produce milk
Lactation
Lactiferous ducts


Carry milk to nipple
Areola is pigmented
area around nipple
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Figure 10.8 – The breast.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Pregnancy

Gestation



Period of pregnancy
40 weeks
Premature

Birth before 37 weeks of gestation completed
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Pregnancy

Embryo



From implantation into endometrium until eight
weeks
Major organs and systems are formed
Fetus


Ninth week until birth
Organs mature and begin to function
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Fetal Membranes

Infant is surrounded by two membranous sacs
 Amnion



Inner sac
Holds amniotic fluid in which fetus floats
Chorion



Outer sac
Protective
Forms part of placenta
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Figure 10.10 – Photograph illustrating the development of an
embryo. (Petit Format/Nestle/Photo Researchers, Inc.)
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Figure 10.11 – Photograph illustrating the development of a fetus.
(Petit Format/Nestle/Photo Researchers, Inc.)
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Placenta





Provides nourishment for fetus
Spongy blood-filled organ
Forms in uterus next to fetus
Commonly called afterbirth
Fetus attached to placenta by umbilical cord
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Figure 10.9 – A full-term pregnancy.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Stages of Labor and Delivery

Dilation stage



Effacement


First stage
Strong uterine
muscle contractions
pushes fetus against
cervix
Thinning of the cervix
Dilation

Expands to 10 cm
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Figure 10.12A – Dilation stage of labor and delivery.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Labor First Stage Video 1
Click here to view a video on the first stage of labor and transition.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Back
to Directory
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Labor First Stage Video 2
Click here to view a video on the first stage of labor and transition.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Back
to Directory
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Stages of Labor and Delivery

Expulsion stage




Second stage
Begins with full
dilation of cervix
Ends with birth of
baby
Crowning

When head appears
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Figure 10.12B – Expulsion stage of labor and delivery.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Labor Second Stage Video
Click here to view a video on the second stage of labor.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Back
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Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Stages of Labor and Delivery

Placental stage



Third stage
Uterus continues to
contract
Placenta is delivered
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Figure 10.12C – Placental stage of labor and delivery.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Labor Third Stage Video 1
Click here to view a video on the third stage of labor and childbirth.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Back
to Directory
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Labor Third Stage Video 2
Click here to view a video on the third stage of labor and childbirth.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Back
to Directory
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Labor Third Stage Video 3
Click here to view a video on the third stage of labor and childbirth.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Back
to Directory
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Infant Delivery Video
Click here to view a video on the delivery of an infant.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Back
to Directory
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
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Breech Birth

Normally crown of head appears first in birth
canal
 Any other body part appearing first is breech
presentation
 Buttocks first is most common
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Figure 10.13 – A breech birth.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Word Building with amni/o & cervic/o
–otomy
amniotomy
incision into amnion
–tic
amniotic
pertaining to amnion
–rrhea
amniorrhea
flow from amnion
–ectomy
cervicectomy
surgical removal of cervix
–al
cervical
pertaining to cervix
endo– –itis endocervicitis
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
inflammation inside cervix
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Word Building with
chori/o, colp/o, embry/o, and episi/o
–nic
chorionic
pertaining to chorion
–scope
colposcope
instrument to view
inside vagina
–nic
embryonic
pertaining to embryo
–rrhaphy
episiorrhaphy
suture of vulva
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Word Building with
fet/o, gynec/o, and hymen/o
–al
fetal
pertaining to fetus
–ologist
gynecologist
female specialist
–ectomy
hymenectomy
surgical removal of
hymen
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Word Building with
hyster/o, lact/o, and lapar/o
–pexy
hysteropexy
surgical fixation of uterus
–rrhexis
hysterorrhexis
rupture of uterus
–ic
lactic
pertaining to milk
–rrhea
lactorrhea
milk discharge
–otomy
laparotomy
incision into abdomen
–scope
laparoscope
instrument to view inside
abdomen
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Word Building with mamm/o & mast/o
–gram
mammogram
X-ray record of breast
–ary
mammary
pertaining to breast
–plasty
mammoplasty
surgical repair of breast
–algia
mastalgia
breast pain
–itis
mastitis
inflammation of breast
–ectomy
mastectomy
removal of breast
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Word Building with men/o
a– –rrhea
amenorrhea
lack of menstrual flow
dys– –rrhea
dysmenorrhea
painful menstrual flow
oligo– –rrhea
oligomenorrhea scanty menstrual flow
–rrhagia
menorrhagia
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
rapid menstrual flow
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Word Building with metr/o & nat/o
endo– –itis
endometritis
inflammation within uterus
peri– –itis
perimetritis
inflammation around uterus
–rrhea
metrorrhea
flow from uterus
–rrhagia
metrorrhagia
rapid flow from uterus
neo–
neonate
newborn
neo–
–ologist
neonatologist specialist in newborn
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Word Building with
oophor/o, ovari/o, and salping/o
–itis
oophoritis
inflammation of ovary
–an
ovarian
pertaining to ovary
–cyesis
salpingocyesis
fallopian tube pregnancy
–ectomy salpingectomy
removal of fallopian tube
–itis
inflammation of fallopian tube
salpingitis
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Word Building with uter/o and vagin/o
–ine
uterine
pertaining to uterus
–al
vaginal
pertaining to vagina
–itis
vaginitis
inflammation of vagina
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Word Building with –cyesis & –gravida
pseudo–
pseudocyesis
false pregnancy
nulli–
nulligravida
no pregnancies
primi–
primigravida
first pregnancy
multi–
multigravida
multiple pregnancies
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Word Building with –para & –partum
nulli–
nullipara
no births
primi–
primipara
first birth
multi–
multipara
multiple births
ante–
antepartum
before birth
post–
postpartum
after birth
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Word Building with –salpinx & –tocia
hemato–
hematosalpinx
blood in fallopian tube
pyo–
pyosalpinx
pus in fallopian tube
dys–
dystocia
difficult labor and childbirth
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
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Female Reproductive System
Vocabulary
atresia
congenital lack of normal body opening
barrier
contraception
prevents sperm from meeting ovum;
condom, diaphragms
thin fluid secreted by breast after
delivery before actual milk appears
colostrum
fraternal twins
gynecology
(GYN)
develop from two different ova fertilized
by two different sperm
diagnosis and treatment of diseases of
female reproductive system
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Female Reproductive System
Vocabulary
hormonal
using hormones to block ovulation; no
contraception ovum to fertilize; pills, patch, implant
develop from the splitting of a single
identical twins
fertilized ovum
unable to produce children; no
infertility
pregnancy after properly timed
intercourse for one year
intrauterine
device inserted into uterus to prevent
device (IUD) pregnancy from establishing
meconium
first bowel movement of newborn
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
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Figure 10.14 – Shape of two different intrauterine devices (IUDs).
(Jules Selmes and Debi Treloar/Dorling Kindersley Media Library)
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
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Female Reproductive System
Vocabulary
diagnosis and treatment of diseases of
the newborn
obstetrics
diagnosis and treatment of women during
(OB)
pregnancy and childbirth
premenstrual symptoms appear just prior to menstrual
syndrome
period; irritability, headache, tender
(PMS)
breasts, and anxiety
beginning of menstruation and
puberty
reproductive years
neonatology
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Ovary Pathology
ovarian carcinoma malignant tumor of the ovaries
ovarian cyst
cysts developing in the ovaries; may
rupture causing pain and bleeding
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Uterus Pathology
cervical cancer
malignant tumor of the cervix
endometrial
cancer
malignant tumor of the lining of the
uterus
fibroid tumor
benign fibrous tumor in the uterus
excessive bleeding during menstrual
menometrorrhagia
period or between menstrual periods
fallen uterus; may cause cervix to
prolapsed uterus
protrude through vaginal opening
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
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Figure 10.15 – Common sites for the development of fibroid tumors.
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Vagina Pathology
candidiasis
cystocele
rectocele
toxic shock
syndrome (TSS)
yeast infection of mucous membrane
lining of vagina
bladder presses backwards on
vaginal wall
rectum presses forward on vaginal
wall
staphylococcus infection occurring in
menstruating women; associated
with prolonged wearing of superabsorbent tampon
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Pelvic Cavity Pathology
endometriosis
pelvic
inflammatory
disease
occurs when endometrial tissue
flows backwards from uterus through
fallopian tubes and into pelvic cavity
bacterial infection that has spread
through female reproductive tract
and out into pelvic cavity
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Breast Pathology
breast cancer
malignant tumor of the breast tissue
fibrocystic breast
disease
appearance of fibrous tumors in
breast tissue; no association with
cancer
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Figure 10.16 – Comparison of breast cancer (A) and fibrocystic disease (B).
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
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Breast Cancer Video
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Pregnancy Pathology
abruptio
placentae
eclampsia
hemolytic
disease of the
newborn (HDN)
placenta tears away from uterine wall
prior to delivery of baby
convulsions and coma occurring in
woman in late stages of pregnancy
occurs when mother is Rh– and baby
is Rh+; mother’s antibodies cross the
placenta and attack baby’s blood;
older name is erythroblastosis fetalis
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Pregnancy Pathology
placenta previa
preeclampsia
placenta forms low in the uterus
overlying the opening to the cervix
metabolic disease of pregnancy; may
result in true eclampsia; symptoms
include hypertension, headaches, and
edema; also called toxemia
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Preeclampsia Video
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Figure 10.17 – Placenta previa.
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Pregnancy Pathology
prolapsed
umbilical cord
spontaneous
abortion
stillbirth
if umbilical cord emerges from birth
canal before baby does, it will become
pinched between baby’s head & vaginal
wall, cutting off blood flow to baby
unplanned loss of pregnancy early in
gestation; commonly called a
miscarriage
death of a fetus of viable age; occurs
shortly before or at time of delivery
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Clinical Laboratory Tests
PAP smear
pregnancy
test
scraping of cervical cells is examined for
early signs of cervical cancer
chemical test to determine a pregnancy
during first few weeks
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Diagnostic Imaging
X-ray of uterus and fallopian
hysterosalpingography
tubes after injecting dye in
(HSG)
through cervix
X-ray of breast for detection of
mammography
breast cancer
use of ultrasound waves to
pelvic ultrasonography produce image of pelvic organs
or a fetus within the uterus
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Endoscopic Procedures
colposcopy
culdoscopy
laparoscopy
examination of the vagina using a
colposcope
examination of pelvic cavity behind the
uterus using a culdoscope introduced
through an incision in the vaginal wall
examination of the pelvic cavity and
organs using a laparoscope introduced
through an incision just below the navel
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
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Figure 10.18 – A laparoscopic examination; uterus is visible below
probe, ovary is at tip of probe, and fallopian tube along left side.
(Southern Illinois University/Photo Researchers, Inc.)
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Obstetrical Diagnostic Procedures
removal of amniotic fluid using a needle;
fluid can be used to determine fetal
amniocentesis
maturity and developmental and genetic
disorders
evaluates newborn’s adjustment to
outside environment; observes color,
Apgar score
heart rate, respiratory rate, muscle tone,
and response to stimulus
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Apgar Score Video
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Obstetrical Diagnostic Procedures
chorionic villus
removal of a small piece of chorion for
sampling
genetic analysis
(CVS)
electronic equipment on mother’s
fetal
abdomen or fetus’s scalp to check heart
monitoring
rate during labor and delivery
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Fetal Heart Rate Video
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Additional Diagnostic Procedures
cervical
biopsy
endometrial
biopsy
(EMB)
pelvic
examination
removing a piece of cervical tissue to
examine for cancer
removing a sample of endometrial tissue
to examine for cancer
physical exam of vagina and adjacent
organs; a speculum is used to open the
vagina
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Figure 10.19 – A speculum.
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Surgical Treatments
cesarean section
(CS, C-section)
surgical delivery of baby through
abdominal incision
conization
removal of a core of cervical tissue
dilation & curettage dilation of cervix and scraping away
(D&C)
of endometrial lining
episiotomy
incision of perineum to widen birth
canal during delivery
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Cesarean Delivery Video
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Surgical Treatments
lumpectomy
removal of breast lump and tissue
immediately surrounding it
simple mastectomy removal of breast tissue
radical mastectomy
removal of breast tissue plus chest
muscles and axillary lymph nodes
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Surgical Treatments
elective abortion
therapeutic
abortion
legal termination of an early
pregnancy
termination of a pregnancy for the
health of the mother
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Surgical Treatments
total abdominal
hysterectomybilateral salpingooophorectomy
(TAH-BSO)
vaginal
hysterectomy
tubal ligation
removal of the entire uterus, cervix,
both fallopian tubes, and both
ovaries through an abdominal
incision
removal of the uterus through vagina
rather than an abdominal incision
surgical tying off of fallopian tubes to
prevent conception
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Female Reproductive System
Pharmacology
abortifacient
terminates a pregnancy
fertility drug
triggers ovulation
Mifeprex,
Prostin E2
Clomid,
Gonal-F
hormone
replacement estrogen after
Cenestin,
replacement
menopause or loss of
Premarin
therapy (HRT) ovaries
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Female Reproductive System
Pharmacology
oral
contraceptive
pills (OCPs)
prevents conception by
blocking ovulation
Ortho-Cept,
Lo/Ovral
oxytocin
improves uterine
contractions during labor
and delivery
Pitocin,
Syntocinon
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Female Reproductive System
Abbreviations
AB
abortion
AI
artificial insemination
BSE
breast self-examination
CS, C-section
cesarean section
CVS
chorionic villus sampling
Cx
cervix
D&C
dilation and curettage
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Female Reproductive System
Abbreviations
EDC
estimated date of confinement
EMB
endometrial biopsy
ERT
estrogen replacement therapy
FEKG
fetal electrocardiogram
FHR
fetal heart rate
FHT
fetal heart tone
FSH
follicle stimulating hormone
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
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Female Reproductive System
Abbreviations
FTND
full term normal delivery
GI, grav I
first pregnancy
GYN, gyn
gynecology
HCG, hCG
human chorionic gonadotropin
HDN
hemolytic disease of the newborn
HPV
human papilloma virus
HRT
hormone replacement therapy
HSG
hysterosalpingography
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
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Female Reproductive System
Abbreviations
IUD
intrauterine device
IVF
in vitro fertilization
LBW
low birth weight
LH
luteinizing hormone
LMP
last menstrual period
NB
newborn
OB
obstetrics
OCPs
oral contraceptive pills
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Female Reproductive System
Abbreviations
PAP
Papanicolaou test
PI, para I
first birth
PID
pelvic inflammatory disease
PMS
premenstrual syndrome
TAH-BSO
total abdominal hysterectomy-bilateral
salpingo-oophorectomy
TSS
toxic shock syndrome
UC
uterine contraction
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Male Reproductive System at a Glance

Functions of Male Reproductive System



Produces sperm
Delivers sperm to female reproductive tract
Secretes male sex hormones
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Male Reproductive System at a Glance

Organs of Male Reproductive System







Testes
Epididymis
Vas deferens
Seminal vesicle
Prostate gland
Bulbourethral gland
Penis
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
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Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
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Male Combining Forms







andr/o
balan/o
crypt/o
epididym/o
orch/o
orchi/o
orchid/o
male
glans penis
hidden
epididymis
testes
testes
testes
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Male Combining Forms






prostat/o
spermat/o
testicul/o
varic/o
vas/o
vesicul/o
prostate
sperm
testes
varicose veins
vas deferens
seminal vesicle
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Male Suffixes

–spermia
condition of sperm
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Anatomy and Physiology - Function

Testes produce sperm
 Vas deferens and epididymis transport semen
 Reproductive glands add vital fluids to sperm

Produces semen

Penis delivers semen to vagina
 Testes produce male sex hormones

Testosterone
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External Genitalia

Located outside the body



Penis
Two testes
Two epididymides (plural for epididymis)
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Internal Genitalia

Located in pelvic cavity




Two vas deferentia (plural for vas deferens)
Two seminal vesicles
Prostate gland
Two bulbourethral glands
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Figure 10.20 – The male reproductive system.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
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Male Reproductive Anatomy
Animation
Click here to view an animation of male reproductive anatomy.
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Testes

Singular is testis;
also called testicles
 Oval-shaped organs
in scrotum
 Produce sperm
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Testes

Secrete testosterone



Necessary for proper development of sperm
Stimulates growth and development of male
reproductive organs
Produces male secondary sexual characteristics
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
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Figure 10.20 – The male reproductive system.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
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Spermatogenesis

Process that produces sperm


Occurs within seminiferous tubules of testes
The testes must be maintained at proper
temperature for sperm to survive


This lower temperature level is achieved by
suspending testes in scrotum outside body
Scrotum is sac that contains testes, epididymides,
and beginning of vas deferentia
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Figure 10.21 – Electronmicrograph of human sperm. (Juergen
Berger, Max-Planck Institute/Science Photo Library/Photo
Researchers, Inc.)
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
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Epididymis

Coiled tube-shaped
organ
 Lies on top of testes
within scrotum
 Location for sperm
maturation and
storage
 Releases sperm into
vas deferens
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
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Figure 10.20 – The male reproductive system.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
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Penis

Shaft of penis


Contains urethra
Glans penis


Tip of the penis
Protected by
prepuce
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Penis

Contains erectile tissue
 Increased blood flow during sexual stimulation
results in erection


Allows it to be placed within vagina
Ejaculation of semen
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Urethra

Male urethra extends from urinary bladder to
the external opening at tip of penis


Urinary meatus
Serves a dual function:




Elimination of urine
Ejaculation of semen
During ejaculation, sphincter closes to keep urine
from escaping
Sometimes referred to as Genitourinary System
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
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Figure 10.20 – The male reproductive system.
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Vas Deferens

Carries sperm from
epididymis up into
pelvic cavity


Travels up in front of
urinary bladder, over
top, and then back
down posterior side
of the bladder
Empties into urethra
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Spermatic Cord

Cord-like structure between pelvic cavity and
scrotum
 Consists of:





Two vas deferentia
Nerves
Arteries
Veins
Lymphatic vessels
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Figure 10.20 – The male reproductive system.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
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Seminal Vesicles

Two glands
 At base of urinary
bladder
 Connected to vas
deferens just before
it empties into
urethra
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
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Seminal Vesicles

Secrete a fluid that nourishes sperm


Rich in glucose
This fluid, along with sperm, constitutes semen

Fluid ejaculated during sexual intercourse
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Figure 10.20 – The male reproductive system.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Prostate Gland

Single gland located
just below urinary
bladder
 Surrounds urethra

Vas deferens empties
into urethra within
prostate
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Prostate Gland

Secretes alkaline fluid



Neutralizes pH of urethra and vagina
Critical for sperm survival
Enlargement of prostate puts pressure on
both urethra and vas deferens

Causes problems with both urination and
ejaculation
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Figure 10.20 – The male reproductive system.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Bulbourethral Gland

Also known as
Cowper’s glands
 Two small glands



Either side of urethra
Just below prostate
Secrete mucus-like
lubricating fluid
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Figure 10.20 – The male reproductive system.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Male Reproductive Anatomy
Exercise
Click here to review male reproductive organs in a labeling activity.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Back
to Directory
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
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Word Building with andr/o & balan/o
–gen
androgen
male producing
–pathy
andropathy
male disease
–itis
balanitis
inflammation of glans penis
–plasty
balanoplasty
surgical repair of glans penis
–rrhea
balanorrhea
discharge from glans penis
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Word Building with epididym/o & orch/o
–ectomy
epididymectomy removal of epididymis
–al
epididymal
pertaining to epididymis
–itis
epididymitis
inflammation of epididymis
an– –ism
anorchism
condition of no testes
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Word Building with orchi/o & orchid/o
–ectomy
orchiectomy
removal of testes
–otomy
orchiotomy
incision into testes
–plasty
orchioplasty
surgical repair of testes
–ectomy
orchidectomy
removal of testes
–pexy
orchidopexy
surgical fixation of testes
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Word Building with prostat/o &
spermat/o
–itis
prostatitis
inflammation of prostate
–ectomy
prostatectomy
removal of prostate
–ic
prostatic
pertaining to prostate
–ic
spermatic
pertaining to sperm
–lysis
spermatolysis
destruction of sperm
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Word Building with testicul/o &
vesicul/o
–ar
testicular
pertaining to testes
–ar
vesicular
pertaining to seminal
vesicles
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Word Building with –spermia
a–
aspermia
condition of no sperm
oligo–
oligospermia
condition of scanty sperm
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Male Reproductive System Vocabulary
erectile
dysfunction
(ED)
sterility
inability to engage in sexual intercourse
due to inability to maintain an erection;
also called impotence
inability to father children due to a
problem with spermatogenesis
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Erectile Dysfunction Video
Click here to view a video on erectile dysfunction.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Back
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Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
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Testes Pathology
cryptorchidism
hydrocele
failure of testes to descend into
scrotum before birth
accumulation of fluid around testes or
along spermatic cord
testicular
carcinoma
malignant tumor of testes
testicular torsion
twisting of spermatic cord
varicocele
varicose veins of the spermatic cord
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Prostate Gland Pathology
benign prostatic
hypertrophy
(BPH)
noncancerous enlargement of
prostate gland; common in older men
prostate cancer
malignant tumor of prostate gland
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Penis Pathology
epispadias
hypospadias
phimosis
priapism
congenital opening of urethra on dorsal
surface of penis
congenital opening of urethra on
underside of penis
narrowing of prepuce; constricts glans
penis
persistent and painful erection; caused
by pathology, not sexual stimulation
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Sexually Transmitted Disease
chancroid highly infections non-syphilitic venereal ulcer
chlamydia bacterial genital infection in males & females
genital
herpes
viral infection that appears like blisters
genital
warts
gonorrhea
(GC)
warts on the genitalia of both males &
females; caused by a virus
bacterial infection of mucous membranes of
males & females
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Figure 10.22 – Photograph showing a chancroid on the glans penis.
(Joe Miller/Centers for Disease Control andPrevention [CDC])
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Sexually Transmitted Disease
human
immunodeficiency
virus (HIV)
sexually
transmitted
disease (STD)
syphilis
trichomoniasis
sexually transmitted virus that attacks
immune system
disease usually acquired as a result
of sexual intercourse; formerly called
venereal disease (VD)
chronic bacterial infection; attacks
multiple organs including brain
genitourinary infection caused by a
protist in both males and females
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Clinical Laboratory Tests
prostate-specific blood test to screen for prostate
antigen (PSA)
cancer
part of fertility workup; analyzed for
semen analysis number, swimming strength, and
shape
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Additional Diagnostic Tests
digital rectal
manual examination for enlarged prostate
exam (DRE)
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Surgical Procedures
castration
removal of testes
circumcision
removal of prepuce
orchidopexy
surgical fixation to pin undescended
testes in scrotum
sterilization
process of rendering a male or
female unable to conceive children
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Surgical Procedures
transurethral resection
removal of prostate tissue by
of prostate (TUR,
inserting device through urethra
TURP)
removal of a segment of vas
vasectomy
deferens to prevent sperm from
ejaculating
reconnects ends of vas deferens
vasovasostomy
to reverse a vasectomy
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Figure 10.23 – A vasectomy.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Vasectomy Video
Click here to view a video on vasectomy.
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Back
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Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
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Male Reproductive System
Pharmacology
replacement of male
hormones
antiprostatic
shrinks benign
agents
prostatic hypertrophy
erectile
temporarily produces
dysfunction agents erection
androgen therapy
spermatocide
destroys sperm
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Andronate,
DepAndro
Proscar,
Avodart
Viagra, Cialis
Semicid,
Ortho-Gynol
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
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Male Reproductive System
Abbreviations
BPH
benign prostatic hypertrophy
DRE
digital rectal exam
ED
erectile dysfunction
GC
gonorrhea
GU
genitourinary
PSA
prostate-specific antigen
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
Male Reproductive System
Abbreviations
RPR
rapid plasma reagin (test for syphilis)
SPP
suprapubic prostatectomy
STD
sexually transmitted disease
TUR
transurethral resection
TURP
transurethral resection of prostate
VD
venereal disease
Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition
Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht
Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458
All rights reserved.
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