Norwegian marine management plans

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Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
Gestión Integrada del Ambiente Maritimo
Integrated Marine Management Plans
Uruguay Noruego Seminario
Sobre Pesca, Medio Ambiente e Hidrocarburos.
Montevideo 23 de Mayo 2012
Specialist Director Johán H Williams
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Johannesburg Plan of
Implementation (Rio + 10, 2002).
• § 30. Oceans, seas, islands and coastal areas form an
integrated and essential component of the Earth’s
ecosystem and are critical for global food security and
for sustaining economic prosperity and the well-being
of many national economies. Ensuring the sustainable
development of the oceans requires effective
coordination and cooperation, including at the global
and regional levels, between relevant bodies, and
actions at all levels.
• d) Encourage the application by 2010 of the
ecosystem approach.
• e) Promote integrated, multidisciplinary and multisectoral coastal and ocean management at the
national level and encourage and assist coastal
states in developing ocean policies and
mechanisms on integrated coastal management.
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Marine Ecosystems
of Norway
Coverage
 Norwegian Seas: Jurisdiction over 6
times the land area.
 Baseline: 2,500 km
 Coastline (mainland): 25,000 km
 Norwegian shoreline (mainland
including islands): 83,000 km
Management plans:
 Barents Sea: 1,4 million km², average
depth 230 m
 Norwegian Sea: 1,2 million km²,
average depth 1800 m and maximum
4000 m
 North Sea: about 145,000 km²,
average depth 90 m
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Economical values of marine
ecosystems to Norway
• About 30 percent of national value creation (GDP)
• More than 10 percent of employment
• Well above 50 percent of the total Norwegian
export
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Norwegian Ministries involved
in Marine Issues
Ministry of
Trade and
Industry
Ministry of
Petroleum
and Energy
Ministry of
the
environmen
t
Ministry of
Foreign
Affairs
The
Government
Ministry of
Fisheries
and
Coastal
Affairs
Ministry of
Local
Government
and
Regional
Developmen
t
Ministry of
Labour
Ministry of
Finance
Ministry of
Defense
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
White Papers 2002 - 2011
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Integrated Management Plan for
the Marine Environment of the
Barents Sea and the Lofoten area
• The
purpose
of
the
management plans is to
provide a framework for
value creation through
the sustainable use of
natural resources and
ecosystem services in the
sea areas and at the
same time maintain the
structure,
functioning,
productivity and diversity
of the ecosystems of the
areas.
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Barents Sea - Fish stocks
- Almost all Norwegian catch of cod (93%) and
haddock (85%) in Barents Sea – Lofoten
- Significant part even for herring (64%), prawns
(57%) and saithe (50%)
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Barbents Sea -Seabirds
• Barents Sea – Lofoten: 80% of seabirds on
Norwegian mainland
- Røst and Gjesvær among biggest seabird colonies
in Europe
- Population decline for several seabird species
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Barents Sea - Seabed
- Røst coral reef, greatest known deepwater reef
- Coral reefs may have important function for fish and
the ecosystem
- New species and habitats discovered
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Norwegian marine management
plans - Organization
The Government
Ministry of Finance
Ministry of Petroleum
and Energy
Ministry of Local
Government and
Regional Development
Ministry of the
Environment
Ministry of Foreign
Affairs
Ministry of Fisheries
and Coastal Affairs
Ministry of Defence
Advisory groups: 24 agencies +
research institutions
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
Ministry of Trade
and Industry
Ministry of Labour
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Norwegian marine management
plans - Organization
Advisory groups:
Management forum
Monitoring group
Risk management forum
Participating agencies & research institutions:
Climate and Pollution Agency
Norwegian Directorate for Nature Management
Norwegian Polar Institute
Norwegian Coastal Administration
Directorate of Fisheries
Institute of Marine Research
Norwegian Food Safety Authority
National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research
Norwegian Petroleum Directorate
Petroleum Safety Authority Norway
Norwegian Maritime Directorate
Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority
Norwegian Meteorological Institute
Norwegian Institute for Air Research
Norwegian Institute for Nature Research
Norwegian Institute for Water Research
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Cross-sectoral process
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Marine ecosystem services
(Millennium Ecosystem Assessment)
Group
Marine ecosystem services
Production
services
Production /supply of food suitable for consumption
Production / supply of non-edible products
Supply of genetic resources
Supply of marine resources for pharmaceutical, chemical and biotechnological
industry
Supply of decorative resources
Supply of energy
Supply of space and waterways
Cultural
services
Recreational services
Aestethic services
Contribution to science and education
Maintenance of cultural heritage
Inspiration for art and commercials
Legacy of the seas (value of existence/heritage)
Regulating
services
Climatic and atmospheric regulation
Sediment retention
Reduction of eutrophication
Biologic regulation
Regulation of hazardous chemicals
Supporting
services
Maintenance of biogeochemical cycles
Primary production
Maintenance of food web dynamics
Maintenance of biodiversity
Maintenance of habitats
Norwegian Ministry
of Fisheries
and Coastal
Maintenance
of ecologic
resistance
toAffairs
change (resilience)
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Socio-economic aspects
• Value creation related to marine environment
• Employment (regional level)
• Social economics (national level)
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Improving knowledge
Seabed mapping
Environmental
monitoring &
research
Seabird distribution
Photo: Hallvard Strøm, Norwegian polar institute
Screening of
hazardous chemicals
Geological
mapping
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Monitoring system for
environmental quality
Indicator (34 different
indicators)
Example Seabirds
Population trend for kittiwake
(Rissa tridactyla)
Reference value
Average for last 10 years +
historical data
Action threshold
Population decrease of 20 % or
more in 5 years, or deviation of
more than 10 % from expected
adult survival rate, or failed
breeding 5 years in a row
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Particularly valuable and
vulnerable Areas &
Framework for Petroleum
Activities, Barents Sea
•
•
•
No petroleum activity in Lofoten
area
No petroleum activity within 35
km from coast, 65 km zone
round Bear Island and along the
Arctic ice edge and the Polar
front
No exploratory drilling within 65
km from coast and on
Tromsøflaket bank area
between1 March – 31 August
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Risk of accidental oil discharges,
debated issue
Surface discharge, 2 days
Surface discharge, 50 days
Sea bottom discharge, 2 days
Sea bottom discharge, 50 days
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
S
c
e
n
a
r
i
o
s
M
o
d
e
l
s
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Managing risk of acute oil
pollution from sea transport –
routeing system (IMO)
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Climate change and ocean acidification
Damage to marine ecosystems expected in the
following decades
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
Photo: Institute of Marine Research
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Safeguarding the Seabirds
Photo: Norwegian Polar Institute
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Protection of coral reefs
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
Photo: MAREANO
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Sustainable Fisheries Management
Sustainable Fishery Management
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
Photo: Erling Svensen
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Summary
The integrated management plans:
• Consider both environment and
economic activity through an
ecosystem approach
• Incorporate spatial planning as a tool
for integrated, ecosystem-based
management
• Provide a predictable framework for
economic activities.
• Safeguard the especially valuable and
vulnerable areas, e.g. against acute oil
pollution.
• Introduce more coordinated and
systematic environmental monitoring
and mapping, strengthening basis for
future decisions and measures.
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Thank you for your attention
Credits to Per Schieve and Geir Klaveness at Ministry of the
Environment for kind assistance with this presentation
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
The Riches of the Sea
– Norway`s Future
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
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