Natural Resources Test #3 Biodiversity Levels of Diversity Ecosystem Services Invasive Species WA/OR Invasive Weed Mang. 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 Mixture What is DNA? As biodiversity increases what happenes to the function of an ecosystem What is the function of an ecosystem increases? The measure of the genetic variability of species and ecosystems. What is biodiversity? The role of a natural resources management What is to maximize biodiversity and minimize species loss? Formula for calculating biodiversity What is #Species/#Individuals? List the three levels of diversity What is genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity? Variations among individuals of a species What is genetic diversity? All the species that exist in a specific area What is species diversity? Measure of the variety of ecosystems on the planet What is Ecosystem diversity? Determine the biodiversity score What is .0002? Number of major services ecosystems provide What is 4? This service involves the capture and utilization of sunlight at all trophic levels. What is Energy Flow? This service involves the conversion of inorganic carbon to organic carbon and inorganic nitrogen into organic nitrogen What is nutrient cycling? This service involves the purification of water and air What is filtration and removal of waste and pollutants? This service involves pollinations and species vigor or “weeding out the sick and lame” What is reproduction and genetic diversity? Living species that spread rapidly and cause harm to other species by preventing them from being able to obtain nutrition and reproduce What are invasive species? Estimated amount of money that invasive species cause the USA each year What is $138 billion? Term given to invasive species because they can occupy a broad range of habitats, and create food in many ways What is habitat generalists? Percent (%) of the US food supply that comes from introduced plants and animals What is 98%? Percent (%) of introduced species that become invasive What is 1%? BLM stands for…. What is the Bureau of Land Management Number of acres or Oregon and Washington lands infested with noxious weeds. What is 1.2 million acres? Non-native aggressive plants with the potential to cause significant damage to native ecosystems and/or cause significant economic losses. What are invasive plants? Subset of invasive plants that are county, state, or federally listed as injurious to public health, agriculture, recreation, wildlife, or any public or private What are noxious weeds? property Number of listed noxious weeds in Oregon and Washington What is 121? 2 general ways in which humans aid in the spread of invasive species What is transportation and habitat disturbances? This type of habitat disturbance include fires, floods, tornadoes, volcanoes What is natural disturbances? The biological invasion curve shows that what is the cheapest and most effective strategy for controlling invasive species What is that prevention? This type of habitat disturbance includes the building of roads and tilling of land for agriculture use What are manmade habitat disturbances? Awareness of an invasive species comes only after….what? What is only after eradication is impossible? As a team, decide how many of the points you already have you wish to wager. If you get the question correct, you will earn double the points you wagered. If you get the question incorrect, you will lose the points you wagered. Good luck! As a team, decide how many of the points you already have you wish to wager. If you get the question correct, you will earn double the points you wagered. If you get the question incorrect, you will lose the points you wagered. Good luck!