Ministry of Environmental Protection Solid Waste Materials Management Israel’s Solid Waste Revolution May 2014 Israel 2012 4.8 million tons Quantity of municipal and commercial solid waste generated in Israel per year 1.5 million tons Quantity of biodegradable solid waste 1.8 kilograms Quantity of solid waste per person per day Increase of 2% in the annual quantity of solid waste High International Ranking Kilograms per capita per year 900 Israel 800 USA 700 OECD 27EU 600 500 400 300 200 100 Source: OECD 2010 NO R DN K IRL LU X CH E US A ISR NL D ISL OE CD GB R DE U ES P AU T IT A EU 27 SW E FR A BE L FIN RU S ES T GR C HU N PR T SV N TU R ZA F CH N CZ E SV K PO L CH L ME X KO R CA N J PN 0 Solid Waste Treatment Methods in Western Countries Source: OECD 2008 Past Policy Landfilling Change of Concept – Solid Waste as a Raw Material Hazards of continued landfilling: Air pollution and odor Greenhouse gas emissions Soil and groundwater contamination Consumption of scarce land resources Effects on public health Economic implications Current Policy Solid Waste Materials Management Materials Management – Integrated Treatment of Solid Waste Reduction Reduction in the quantity of solid waste generated Reuse Recycling Energy Landfilling Processing of solid waste into products, materials or raw materials Production of energy from solid waste or processing of solid waste into materials used to produce energy The target: 50% Recycling by 2020 Reducing the quantity of solid waste destined for landfilling by SMM – Sustainable Materials Management Tools for Policy Application: Support for Local Authorities to waste separation at source. Support for the establishment/upgrading of end facilities (Composting Plants, Anaerobic digestion Facilities). Support for the establishment/upgrading of sorting Transfer stations. Landfill Levy. Legislation: Extended Producer responsibility (Deposit law on beverages containers, Tires law, Packaging law, Electric and electronic waste treatment law). The key to the recycling revolution Separation of solid waste into at least two streams 60% 40% Biodegradable solid waste Dry waste Packaging and other materials Leftover food and organic components Paper and cardboard Packaging Biodegradable solid waste as a clean solid waste stream that should be separated at source For each stream – its own dedicated treatment Dry stream Transfer station for solid waste sorting Solid waste recycling plant Transfer station for solid waste sorting Biodegradable solid waste treatment plant Packaging and other materials Wet stream Biodegradable organic solid waste Composting facility 11 Anaerobic plant Separation at source – how does it work in the local authorities? Transportation of separated solid waste Recycling points Collection bins For each stream – its own dedicated treatment Treatment of Biodegradable Solid Waste Local authorities selected to receive support A total of 31 local authorities were selected Breakdown of types of support to the selected authorities Total support: 342,370,399 NIS Residents’ participation in separation at source in the selected authorities 18,015 45,900 128,338 26,173 4,100 311,821 households separate their solid waste at source (May 2014) 193,853 Selected authorities that joined the process of separation at source (2011) Name of authority District Yokneam Ilit North Amount of support (NIS) Number of households that joined the separation process 4,584,900 5,700 (the entire authority) Migdal Haemek 4,262,052 7,490 Rosh Pina 699,075 880 (the entire authority) Megido 2,943,175 3,770 (the entire authority) Misgav 5,758,754 5,556 (the entire authority) Mateh Asher 8,367,739 7,150 (the entire authority) Afula 9,556,860 13,500 (the entire authority) Golan 6,011,305 3,589 (the entire authority) NIS 9,358,268 4,808 Zichron Yaacov NIS 4,029,805 5,900 (the entire authority) Hadera NIS 17,922,525 13,500 Kiryat Bialik Haifa Selected authorities that joined the process of separation at source (2011) Name of authority District Kfar Saba Center Amount of support (NIS) Number of households that joined the separation process 13,391,517 32,000 (the entire authority) Modiin-Macabom-Reut 11,567,996 17,500 Emek Hefer 5,627,318 12,900 (the entire authority) Hod Hasharon 7,591,710 15,000 Brener 1,383,451 2,123 Shoham 3,161,126 4,500 (the entire authority) Rosh Haayin 6,584,388 8,450 Ness Ziona 7,399,541 12,500 (the entire authority) Ramla 18,152,666 14,562 7,257,041 9,700 8,581,750 4,000 4,289,911 2,850 Kiryat Ono Tel Aviv Ramat Hasharon Gush Ezion Jerusalem Selected authorities that joined the process of separation at source (2011) Name of authority District Amount of support (NIS) Number of households that joined the separation process Dimona South 10,581,438 10,765 Beersheba 66,226,657 12,000 Ashkelon 28,456,295 9,245 Ofakim 6,917,171 7,200 (the entire authority) Ramat Negev 1,587,871 1,200 Ashdod 54,694,821 62,743 (the entire authority) Sdot Negev 970,388 740 A total of 311,821 households separate at source. Additional authorities that joined the process of separation at source Name of authority District Number of households that joined the separation process Menashe Regional Council Haifa 1,950 Hof Hacarmel Regional Council 795 Haifa 1,700 Natania Center 3,500 Raanana 15,000 (the entire authority) Savyon 1,200 (the entire authority) Yavneh 1,200 South Sharon Regional Council 850 Bat Yam Tel Aviv 3,000 Ramat Gan 2,500 Tel Aviv 2,100 Shaar Hanegev Regional Council South 320 A total of 34,115 households separate at source. Selected authorities that got support for joining the process of separation at source (2014) Name of authority District Amount of support (NIS) Number of households that will join the separation process at the end of the project Continuity of the project (Years) Galil Elion Regional Council North 2,769,830 7,257 3 J’at 1,436,948 3,400 2 Tiberias 9,005,613 13,500 3 Emek Yizrael Regional Council 7,158,636 9,468 3 Emek Hamaianot Regional Council 2,659,557 3,517 2 Maalot 4,989,843 6,226 3 Magdel Shams 1,686,794 1,880 1 7,619,020 14,921 4 Pardes Hanna 6,797,708 10,500 4 Or Akiva 3,103,372 5,600 2 Kiryat Yam Haifa Selected authorities that got support for joining the process of separation at source (2014) Name of authority District Amount of support (NIS) Number of households that will join the separation process at the end of the project Continuity of the project (Years) Petah Tikva Center 36,288,364 76,000 6 Gedera 2,927,063 6,654 1 Kedumim 646,121 900 1 Beit Arye 627,445 950 1 436,728 861 1 11,302,974 11,940 4 Har Adar Jerusalem Mate Binyamin Regional council Bat Yam Tel Aviv 23,908,125 43,600 3 Eilot Regional Council South 600,602 1,568 1 Eylat 10,264,100 17,371 4 Shaar Hanegev Regional Council 1,264,924 2,092 2 Selected authorities that got support for joining the process of separation at source (2014) Name of authority District Amount of support (NIS) Number of households that will join the separation process at the end of the project Continuity of the project (Years) Arad South 4,176,487 7,100 2 Sderot 4,642,000 6,582 3 Kiryat Gat 10,213,337 16,000 2 Total 154,525,991 267,887 Current Situation: Separation at source in the Local Authorities Preparation of master plan and detailed plan for separation to two streams. 42 Local authorities are beginning a process of separation of solid waste at source. 23 Local Authorities got support for separation of solid waste at source (2014). Contract with an end facility. Purchase of bins for sorting the waste into two streams. Purchase of trucks for collecting solid waste that was separated at source. Renovation and adaptation of garbage rooms and surfaces in residential buildings. Local activity to advertise, explain and educate. Operational assistance in the transition to separating the waste at source plus other assistance. Collection of solid waste in two separate streams – biodegradable (“wet”) and dry. Construction and upgrade of facilities for the production of green electricity from solid waste Composting plants Addition of land for agriculture Anaerobic digestion facilities Production of energy from biogas Summary Support for construction/ upgrade of facilities for the production of electricity from solid waste and for Transfer Stations District Number of Facilities for the production of electricity from Solid waste Number of Transfer Stations North 5 3 Haifa 1 1 Center 3 1 Jerusalem 2 1 Tel Aviv 1 South 7 4 Total 19 10 Total Support facilities for the production of electricity from solid waste: 247,114,432 NIS Transfer Stations: 139,133,391 NIS Support for construction / upgrade of facilities for the production of electricity from solid waste Applicant Quantity of municipal organic solid waste per day (Tons) Type of facility Amount of support (NIS) SDM for the Environment Ltd. – Evlayim 200 Open aerated composting facility 1,775,000 Afula Municipality 160 Closed composting facility 7,287,700 Univerve Energy Ways Biogas Ltd. – Dimona 60 Energy production facility 5,400,000 Univerve Energy Ways Biogas Ltd. – Emanuel 100 Energy production facility 9,960,000 Evron – Tamam Recycling Limited Partnership 200 Energy production facility 17,200,000 Hadera Municipality 100 Energy production facility 9,180,000 Support for construction / upgrade of facilities for the production of electricity from solid waste Applicant Quantity of municipal organic solid waste per day (Tons) Type of facility Amount of support (NIS) Bnei Shimon Regional Council 620 Closed composting facility 24,417,400 Y.R.A.V Sherutei Noy (1985) Ltd. 200 Electricity production facility 17,200,000 Eco Energy Golan Ltd. 50 Upgrade of electricity production facility 6,385,350 Tambour Hefer Ecology 40 Energy production facility 5,336,600 Hayun Ecology 88 Upgrade of open aerated composting facility 1,775,000 Eylat Municipality 100 Energy production facility 12,818,000 Total 1,922 118,735,050 Support for construction / upgrade of facilities for the production of electricity from solid waste Applicant Quantity of municipal organic solid waste per day (Tons) Type of facility Amount of support (NIS) SIE Ashkelon LTD 400 Energy Production Facility 15,248,000 GreenNet 340 Energy Production Facility 25,000,000 Talia Holdings LTD 204 Energy Production Facility 21,260,000 Ashdod Municipality 150 Energy Production Facility 13,269,400 Arrow Ecology & Engineering Overseas LTD 201 Energy Production Facility 7,768,522 Ma’ale Adumim Planning and Development Company 202 Energy Production Facility 25,000,000 Compost Or LTD 200 Energy Production Facility 20,833,440 Total 1,697 128,379,362 Construction / upgrade of facilities for the production of electricity from solid waste Legend Construction of anaerobic digestion facility Construction of closed composting facility Construction of open composting facility Upgrade of anaerobic digestion facility Evron I’billin Afula Hadera Emek Hefer Immanuel Gevim Ein Hashlosha Bnei Shimon Dimona PPP-supported construction of facility (private-public partnership) in 2017 31 Regional anaerobic digestion facility for 1,000 tons/day – Central District Adoption of master plans for end facilities District Date North February 6, 2012 Haifa February 14, 2012 Center May 2010 Tel Aviv February 27, 2012 Jerusalem January 3, 2012 South January 9, 2012 Target for 2017: 33 1.5 million residents separating solid waste Recycling on a scope of 350,000 tons of household waste per year Active end facilities Estimation- Organic Matter Organic Matter Generated (ton/day) District North Haifa 2014 739 525 2019 808 575 Center 1,081 1,181 Tel Aviv Jerusalem South Total Total General 738 553 642 4,277 807 604 702 4,676 Estimation- End Solutions, Organic Matter Organic Matter – Capacity – Capacity End More End Selected Local Existing End Facilities Solutions for Authorities (ton/day) Per RFI Treatment of Facilities Organic (ton/day) Matter RFI RFI Organic Ton/day Organic 30/2010 34/2012 Matter that Matter will be (Ton/day) treated (Ton/day) 2016 2019 2017 2018 2014 111 73 818 94 53 100 5 263 82 46 72 10 19 374 118 900 417 Today- 100 4,675 ton/day (1,317 separated at ton/day source separated at source) 600 340 50 201 542 1,618 3,619 100 755 750 (PPP) 250 (Efea) 1,050 5,374 Treatment of Dry Waste Sorting transfer stations approved in the RFI framework Applicant Daily treated quantity of solid waste (Tons) Amount of support (NIS) 1,236 17,601,750 500 5,059,350 1,035 13,263,750 200 3,600,000 1,000 20,250,000 Hadera Municipality 500 17,054,483 Afula Municipality 385 10,689,750 1,265 29,533,000 Ashdod Municipality 500 16,081,308 Eylat Municipality 150 6,000,000 6,771 139,133,391 GreenNet (Atarot) A.N. Recycling Center (Evlayim) SIE Ashkelon Ltd. Univerve Biogas Ltd. – Immanuel Evron – Tamam Recycling Limited Partnership Bnei Shimon Regional Council Total Construction / upgrade of sorting stations Construction of sorting stations Upgrade of sorting stations Evron Construction of sorting stations – subject to budgetary approval Evlayim Afula Hadera Immanuel Atarot Ashkelon Bnei Shimon Stage B: Energy production from dry waste Solid waste that is not economically or technologically recyclable will be used for the production of energy/fuel, as a preferred alternative over landfilling. The following technologies will be used to produce energy: RDF Gasification Pyrolysis Plasma Summary: Evolution of solid waste treatment in Israel 1984 1993 Maintenance of Waste Recycling Cleanliness Law Law 1998 1999 Regulation of landfills Beverage Container Deposit Law National waste disposal plan (“TAMA 16”) Recycling Regulations 2007 Tire Disposal and Recycling Law Landfill levy 2009 2011 2012 Support: Packaging Law Law for Separation at Environmental source, end Management of solutions and Electric and transfer stations Electronic Equipment Next steps Regulations for the separation of biodegradable solid waste. Regulations for the separation of paper and cardboard. Amendment to the Maintenance of Cleanliness Law – construction debris. Solid Waste Law: Compilation of all the laws dealing with solid waste. Prohibition of landfilling Updating of solid waste treatment methods Updating of definition of types of solid waste Pictures from Israel Pictures from around the world Thank you!