Solid Waste Materials Management: Israel`s Solid Waste Revolution

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Ministry of Environmental Protection
Solid Waste Materials Management
Israel’s Solid Waste Revolution
May 2014
Israel 2012
4.8 million tons
Quantity of municipal and commercial solid waste generated in Israel per year
1.5 million tons
Quantity of biodegradable solid waste
1.8 kilograms
Quantity of solid waste per person per day
Increase of 2%
in the annual quantity of solid waste
High International Ranking
Kilograms per capita per year
900
Israel
800
USA
700
OECD
27EU
600
500
400
300
200
100
Source: OECD 2010
NO
R
DN
K
IRL
LU
X
CH
E
US
A
ISR
NL
D
ISL
OE
CD
GB
R
DE
U
ES
P
AU
T
IT A
EU
27
SW
E
FR
A
BE
L
FIN
RU
S
ES
T
GR
C
HU
N
PR
T
SV
N
TU
R
ZA
F
CH
N
CZ
E
SV
K
PO
L
CH
L
ME
X
KO
R
CA
N
J PN
0
Solid Waste Treatment Methods in Western
Countries
Source: OECD 2008
Past Policy
Landfilling
Change of Concept – Solid Waste as a Raw
Material
Hazards of continued landfilling:
 Air pollution and odor
 Greenhouse gas emissions
 Soil and groundwater contamination
 Consumption of scarce land resources
 Effects on public health
 Economic implications
Current Policy
Solid Waste Materials Management
Materials Management – Integrated Treatment of
Solid Waste
Reduction
Reduction in the quantity
of solid waste generated
Reuse
Recycling
Energy
Landfilling
Processing of solid waste
into products, materials
or raw materials
Production of energy from
solid waste or processing of
solid waste into materials
used to produce energy
The target:
50% Recycling by 2020
Reducing the quantity of solid waste destined for landfilling
by SMM – Sustainable Materials Management
Tools for Policy Application:
 Support for Local Authorities to waste separation at source.
 Support for the establishment/upgrading of end facilities
(Composting Plants, Anaerobic digestion Facilities).
 Support for the establishment/upgrading of sorting
Transfer stations.
 Landfill Levy.
 Legislation: Extended Producer responsibility (Deposit law
on beverages containers, Tires law, Packaging law, Electric
and electronic waste treatment law).
The key to the recycling revolution Separation of solid waste into at least two streams
60%
40%
Biodegradable
solid waste
Dry waste
Packaging and other
materials
Leftover food and
organic components
Paper and
cardboard
Packaging
Biodegradable solid waste as a clean solid waste
stream that should be separated at source
For each stream – its own dedicated treatment
Dry stream
Transfer station for
solid waste sorting
Solid waste
recycling plant
Transfer station for solid
waste sorting
Biodegradable solid waste
treatment plant
Packaging and other
materials
Wet stream
Biodegradable
organic solid waste
Composting facility
11
Anaerobic plant
Separation at source –
how does it work in the local authorities?
Transportation of
separated solid waste
Recycling points
Collection bins
For each stream –
its own dedicated treatment
Treatment of Biodegradable Solid Waste
Local authorities selected to receive support
A total of 31 local authorities were selected
Breakdown of types of support to the selected
authorities
Total support: 342,370,399 NIS
Residents’ participation in separation at
source in the selected authorities
18,015
45,900
128,338
26,173
4,100
311,821 households separate their solid waste at source (May 2014)
193,853
Selected authorities that joined the process of
separation at source (2011)
Name of authority
District
Yokneam Ilit
North
Amount of support
(NIS)
Number of households
that joined the separation
process
4,584,900
5,700 (the entire authority)
Migdal Haemek
4,262,052
7,490
Rosh Pina
699,075
880 (the entire authority)
Megido
2,943,175
3,770 (the entire authority)
Misgav
5,758,754
5,556 (the entire authority)
Mateh Asher
8,367,739
7,150 (the entire authority)
Afula
9,556,860
13,500 (the entire authority)
Golan
6,011,305
3,589 (the entire authority)
NIS 9,358,268
4,808
Zichron Yaacov
NIS 4,029,805
5,900 (the entire authority)
Hadera
NIS 17,922,525
13,500
Kiryat Bialik
Haifa
Selected authorities that joined the process of
separation at source (2011)
Name of authority
District
Kfar Saba
Center
Amount of support
(NIS)
Number of households that
joined the separation
process
13,391,517
32,000 (the entire authority)
Modiin-Macabom-Reut
11,567,996
17,500
Emek Hefer
5,627,318
12,900 (the entire authority)
Hod Hasharon
7,591,710
15,000
Brener
1,383,451
2,123
Shoham
3,161,126
4,500 (the entire authority)
Rosh Haayin
6,584,388
8,450
Ness Ziona
7,399,541
12,500 (the entire authority)
Ramla
18,152,666
14,562
7,257,041
9,700
8,581,750
4,000
4,289,911
2,850
Kiryat Ono
Tel Aviv
Ramat Hasharon
Gush Ezion
Jerusalem
Selected authorities that joined the process of
separation at source (2011)
Name of authority
District
Amount of support
(NIS)
Number of households
that joined the separation
process
Dimona
South
10,581,438
10,765
Beersheba
66,226,657
12,000
Ashkelon
28,456,295
9,245
Ofakim
6,917,171
7,200 (the entire authority)
Ramat Negev
1,587,871
1,200
Ashdod
54,694,821
62,743 (the entire authority)
Sdot Negev
970,388
740
A total of 311,821 households separate at source.
Additional authorities that joined the process of
separation at source
Name of authority
District
Number of households that
joined the separation process
Menashe Regional Council
Haifa
1,950
Hof Hacarmel Regional Council
795
Haifa
1,700
Natania
Center
3,500
Raanana
15,000 (the entire authority)
Savyon
1,200 (the entire authority)
Yavneh
1,200
South Sharon Regional Council
850
Bat Yam
Tel Aviv
3,000
Ramat Gan
2,500
Tel Aviv
2,100
Shaar Hanegev Regional Council
South
320
A total of 34,115 households separate at source.
Selected authorities that got support for joining
the process of separation at source (2014)
Name of authority
District
Amount of
support
(NIS)
Number of
households that will
join the separation
process at the end of
the project
Continuity of
the project
(Years)
Galil Elion Regional
Council
North
2,769,830
7,257
3
J’at
1,436,948
3,400
2
Tiberias
9,005,613
13,500
3
Emek Yizrael Regional
Council
7,158,636
9,468
3
Emek Hamaianot
Regional Council
2,659,557
3,517
2
Maalot
4,989,843
6,226
3
Magdel Shams
1,686,794
1,880
1
7,619,020
14,921
4
Pardes Hanna
6,797,708
10,500
4
Or Akiva
3,103,372
5,600
2
Kiryat Yam
Haifa
Selected authorities that got support for joining
the process of separation at source (2014)
Name of authority
District
Amount of
support
(NIS)
Number of
households that will
join the separation
process at the end of
the project
Continuity of
the project
(Years)
Petah Tikva
Center
36,288,364
76,000
6
Gedera
2,927,063
6,654
1
Kedumim
646,121
900
1
Beit Arye
627,445
950
1
436,728
861
1
11,302,974
11,940
4
Har Adar
Jerusalem
Mate Binyamin Regional
council
Bat Yam
Tel Aviv
23,908,125
43,600
3
Eilot Regional Council
South
600,602
1,568
1
Eylat
10,264,100
17,371
4
Shaar Hanegev
Regional Council
1,264,924
2,092
2
Selected authorities that got support for joining
the process of separation at source (2014)
Name of authority
District
Amount of
support
(NIS)
Number of
households that will
join the separation
process at the end of
the project
Continuity of
the project
(Years)
Arad
South
4,176,487
7,100
2
Sderot
4,642,000
6,582
3
Kiryat Gat
10,213,337
16,000
2
Total
154,525,991
267,887
Current Situation:
Separation at source in the Local Authorities










Preparation of master plan and detailed plan for separation
to two streams.
42 Local authorities are beginning a process of separation
of solid waste at source.
23 Local Authorities got support for separation of solid waste at source
(2014).
Contract with an end facility.
Purchase of bins for sorting the waste into two streams.
Purchase of trucks for collecting solid waste that was separated at source.
Renovation and adaptation of garbage rooms and surfaces
in residential buildings.
Local activity to advertise, explain and educate.
Operational assistance in the transition to separating the
waste at source plus other assistance.
Collection of solid waste in two separate streams – biodegradable
(“wet”) and dry.
Construction and upgrade of facilities for the
production of green electricity from solid waste
Composting plants
Addition of land for agriculture
Anaerobic digestion facilities
Production of energy from biogas
Summary
Support for construction/ upgrade of facilities
for the production of electricity from solid waste
and for Transfer Stations
District
Number of Facilities for the
production of electricity from
Solid waste
Number of Transfer
Stations
North
5
3
Haifa
1
1
Center
3
1
Jerusalem
2
1
Tel Aviv
1
South
7
4
Total
19
10
Total Support
 facilities for the production of electricity from solid waste: 247,114,432 NIS
 Transfer Stations: 139,133,391 NIS
Support for construction / upgrade of facilities
for the production of electricity from solid waste
Applicant
Quantity of
municipal organic
solid waste per day
(Tons)
Type of facility
Amount of
support (NIS)
SDM for the Environment
Ltd. – Evlayim
200
Open aerated composting
facility
1,775,000
Afula Municipality
160
Closed composting facility
7,287,700
Univerve Energy Ways
Biogas Ltd. – Dimona
60
Energy production facility
5,400,000
Univerve Energy Ways
Biogas Ltd. – Emanuel
100
Energy production facility
9,960,000
Evron – Tamam Recycling
Limited Partnership
200
Energy production facility
17,200,000
Hadera Municipality
100
Energy production facility
9,180,000
Support for construction / upgrade of facilities for the
production of electricity from solid waste
Applicant
Quantity of
municipal organic
solid waste per day
(Tons)
Type of facility
Amount of
support (NIS)
Bnei Shimon Regional
Council
620
Closed composting facility
24,417,400
Y.R.A.V Sherutei Noy
(1985) Ltd.
200
Electricity production
facility
17,200,000
Eco Energy Golan Ltd.
50
Upgrade of electricity
production facility
6,385,350
Tambour Hefer Ecology
40
Energy production facility
5,336,600
Hayun Ecology
88
Upgrade of open aerated
composting facility
1,775,000
Eylat Municipality
100
Energy production facility
12,818,000
Total
1,922
118,735,050
Support for construction / upgrade of facilities for the
production of electricity from solid waste
Applicant
Quantity of
municipal organic
solid waste per day
(Tons)
Type of facility
Amount of
support (NIS)
SIE Ashkelon LTD
400
Energy Production Facility
15,248,000
GreenNet
340
Energy Production Facility
25,000,000
Talia Holdings LTD
204
Energy Production Facility
21,260,000
Ashdod Municipality
150
Energy Production Facility
13,269,400
Arrow Ecology &
Engineering Overseas LTD
201
Energy Production Facility
7,768,522
Ma’ale Adumim Planning
and Development
Company
202
Energy Production Facility
25,000,000
Compost Or LTD
200
Energy Production Facility
20,833,440
Total
1,697
128,379,362
Construction / upgrade of facilities for the production
of electricity from solid waste
Legend
Construction of anaerobic digestion facility
Construction of closed composting facility
Construction of open composting facility
Upgrade of anaerobic digestion facility
Evron
I’billin
Afula
Hadera
Emek Hefer
Immanuel
Gevim
Ein Hashlosha
Bnei Shimon
Dimona
PPP-supported construction of facility
(private-public partnership) in 2017

31
Regional anaerobic digestion facility for
1,000 tons/day – Central District
Adoption of master plans for end facilities
District
Date
North
February 6, 2012
Haifa
February 14, 2012
Center
May 2010
Tel Aviv
February 27, 2012
Jerusalem
January 3, 2012
South
January 9, 2012
Target for 2017:



33
1.5 million residents separating solid waste
Recycling on a scope of 350,000 tons of
household waste per year
Active end facilities
Estimation- Organic Matter
Organic Matter
Generated
(ton/day)
District
North
Haifa
2014
739
525
2019
808
575
Center
1,081
1,181
Tel Aviv
Jerusalem
South
Total
Total
General
738
553
642
4,277
807
604
702
4,676
Estimation- End Solutions, Organic
Matter
Organic Matter –
Capacity – Capacity End More End
Selected Local
Existing End Facilities Solutions for
Authorities (ton/day)
Per RFI
Treatment of
Facilities
Organic
(ton/day)
Matter
RFI
RFI
Organic
Ton/day
Organic
30/2010
34/2012
Matter that
Matter
will be
(Ton/day)
treated
(Ton/day)
2016
2019
2017
2018
2014
111
73
818
94
53
100
5
263
82
46
72
10
19
374
118
900
417
Today- 100
4,675
ton/day
(1,317
separated at ton/day
source
separated
at source)
600
340
50
201
542
1,618
3,619
100
755
750 (PPP)
250 (Efea)
1,050
5,374
Treatment of Dry Waste
Sorting transfer stations approved
in the RFI framework
Applicant
Daily treated quantity
of solid waste (Tons)
Amount of support
(NIS)
1,236
17,601,750
500
5,059,350
1,035
13,263,750
200
3,600,000
1,000
20,250,000
Hadera Municipality
500
17,054,483
Afula Municipality
385
10,689,750
1,265
29,533,000
Ashdod Municipality
500
16,081,308
Eylat Municipality
150
6,000,000
6,771
139,133,391
GreenNet (Atarot)
A.N. Recycling Center (Evlayim)
SIE Ashkelon Ltd.
Univerve Biogas Ltd. – Immanuel
Evron – Tamam Recycling Limited Partnership
Bnei Shimon Regional Council
Total
Construction / upgrade of sorting stations
Construction of sorting stations
Upgrade of sorting stations
Evron
Construction of sorting stations –
subject to budgetary approval
Evlayim
Afula
Hadera
Immanuel
Atarot
Ashkelon
Bnei Shimon
Stage B: Energy production from dry waste
Solid waste that is not economically or technologically
recyclable will be used for the production of energy/fuel,
as a preferred alternative over landfilling.
 The following technologies will be used to produce energy:

RDF
 Gasification
 Pyrolysis
 Plasma

Summary:
Evolution of solid waste treatment in Israel
1984
1993
Maintenance of Waste Recycling
Cleanliness Law
Law


1998
1999
Regulation of
landfills
Beverage
Container
Deposit Law
National waste
disposal plan
(“TAMA 16”)
Recycling
Regulations
2007
Tire Disposal and
Recycling Law
Landfill levy
2009
2011
2012
Support:
Packaging Law
Law for
Separation at
Environmental
source, end
Management of
solutions and
Electric and
transfer stations
Electronic
Equipment
Next steps




Regulations for the separation of biodegradable solid
waste.
Regulations for the separation of paper and cardboard.
Amendment to the Maintenance of Cleanliness Law –
construction debris.
Solid Waste Law: Compilation of all the laws dealing with
solid waste.
 Prohibition of landfilling
 Updating of solid waste treatment methods
 Updating of definition of types of solid waste
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