AP Lang & Comp Terms Batch #1 (Review Game Version) #1 Identify the device being used: “Lions and tigers and bears, oh my!” (The Wizard of Oz) #1 Answer • Polysyndeton • The device of repeating conjunctions in close succession. #2 Identify the device being used: “Of the people, by the people, for the people” (Abraham Lincoln, Gettysburg Address) Answer #2 • Epistrophe • The repetition of a word or group of words at the end of successive phrases, clauses, verses, or sentences #3 Identify the term/device: A pleasing arrangement of sounds Answer #3 • Euphony #4 Identify the device being used: “Heard melodies are sweet.” (John Keats, “Ode on a Grecian Urn”) Answer #4 • Synaesthesia • The use of one kind of sensory experience to describe another #5 Identify the device being used: “All the other lads there were / Were Itching to have a bash.” (Philip Larkin, “Send No Money”) Answer #5 • Colloquialism • An informal or slang expression, especially in the context of formal writing #6 Identify the term/device: The atmosphere of a work of literature; the emotion created by the work Answer #6 Mood #7 Identify the device being used: Saying “ethnic cleansing” instead of “genocide” Answer #7 • Euphemism • The use of less offensive language to express unpleasant or vulgar ideas, events, or actions #8 Identify the term/device: The person (sometimes a character) who tells a story; the voice assumed by the writer. Not necessarily the author (but it can be). Answer #8 Narrator #9 • The following are examples: – Richard Wright’s Black Boy – Helen Keller’s The Story of My Life – Anne Frank’s The Diary of a Young Girl Answer #9 • Autobiography • The narrative of a person’s life, written by that person. #10 Identify the device being used: The moon smiled down at us as we sat by the river. Answer #10 • Personification • The use of human characteristics to describe animals, objects, or ideas. #11 Identify the term/device: The character an author assumes in a written work. Answer #11 Persona #12 Identify the term/device: An author’s individual way of using language to reflect his or her own personality and attitudes. An author communicates this through tone, diction, and sentence structure. Answer #12 Voice #13 Identify the term/device: The works of Homer, Shakespeare, Tolstoy, Bronte and other great writers. Answer #13 Canon • An evolving group of literary works considered essential to a culture’s literary tradition. #14 • The following are examples: – Richard the Lionheart – Shoeless Joe Jackson – The Brooklyn Bomber Answer #14 • Epithet • An adjective or phrase that describes a prominent or distinguishing feature of a person or thing #15 Identify the device being used: In Wuthering Heights, by Emily Bronte, the nightmares Lockwood has the night he sleeps in Catherine’s bed prefigure later events in the novel. Answer #15 • Foreshadowing • An author’s deliberate use of hints or suggestions to give a preview of events or themes that do not develop until later in the narrative. #16 Identify the device being used: The ship was crewed by fifty hands. Answer #16 Synecdoche A figure of speech in which a part of an entity is used to refer to the whole (In this case, “hands” alludes to the people—all of the people—manning the ship.) #17 Identify the term/device: A technique of detachment that draws awareness to the discrepancy between words and their meanings, between expectation and fulfillment, or, most commonly, between what is and what seems to be. Answer #17 • Irony (Five types = verbal, situational, romantic, dramatic/tragic, and cosmic) #18 Identify the term/device: Specific facts or examples used to support a claim in a piece of writing. Answer #18 Evidence #19 Identify the device being used: “Before, a joy proposed; behind, a dream.” (Shakespeare, Sonnet 129) Answer #19 Parallelism • The use of similar grammatical structures or word order in two or more sentences, clauses, or phrases to suggest a comparison or contrast between them. #20 Identify the term/device: The art of persuasion, or the art of speaking or writing well. This involves the study of how words influence audiences. Answer #20 Rhetoric #21 Identify the term/device: The main idea, or principal claim, that is supported in a work of nonfiction. Answer #21 Thesis statement #22 Identify the term/device: The author’s attitude toward the subject or characters of a story or poem, or toward the reader. Answer #22 tone #23 Identify the device being used: Asking the wealthy nations of the world to feed the impoverished nations is like asking people on a full lifeboat to take on more passengers. Answer #23 Analogy • A comparison based on a specific similarity between things that are otherwise unlike, or the inference that if two things are alike in some ways, they will be alike in others. Often analogies draw a comparison between something abstract and something more concrete or easier to visualize. #24 Identify the device being used: “And all men kill the thing they love.” (Oscar Wilde, “The Ballad of Reading Gaol”) Answer #24 Paradox • A statement that seems absurd or even contradictory but that often expresses a deeper truth. #25 Identify the device being used: My teacher is a total psychopath. Answer #25 • Hyperbole • Excessive overstatement or conscious exaggeration of fact.