Facilitators Guide () - Canadian Coalition for Green Health Care

Health Care Facility Climate
Change Resiliency Toolkit
Facilitator Presentation
Canadian Coalition for Green
Health Care
o How facilitators can use this presentation
o Benefits of assessing health care facility resiliency to
climate change
o Introduction to climate change impacts on health care
facilities (in Nova Scotia)
o Completing the health care facility resiliency assessment
How facilitators can use this presentation
o Conduct the assessment by following instructions outlined
in this presentation.
o Use this presentation to facilitate the assessment
o Engage health care facility officials by tailoring this
presentation to your needs.
o Administer the assessment checklist at a meeting,
workshop, or through direct mail-out.
o Use the notes pages and comments sections in the tool to
capture information and data.
Benefits of assessing climate resiliency
o Health care facilities are vital assets to communities on a day-to-day
basis and when disaster strikes.
Safe hospitals protect patients, visitors staff and the investment in
health infrastructure from hazards.
Safe hospitals continue to function and provide life-saving medical care
in disasters.
Assessment of the safety and preparedness of hospitals identifies
priorities for remedial action, including cost-effective retrofitting.
New hospitals are safeguarded by risk-sensitive siting, design and
building in compliance with building codes.
Emergency planning, staff training and exercises build hospital
capacity to manage risks and respond effectively.
WHO, 2011
Benefits of assessing climate resiliency
o Helps identify and better characterize vulnerabilities and risk levels at
your health care facility and provides a data baseline.
o Helps stimulate actions to increase the capacity of health care facility
staff for climate change impacts, many of which are occurring now.
o Identifies key officials and institutional linkages - mobilizes health care
facility staff and community partners to work on shared goals.
o Improves health care facility climate awareness and preparedness
o Supports evidence informed decision-making to reduce health risks
from climate change.
Health risks in Canada from climate change
travelling conditions
Permafrost melt
Changes in drinking water
quality and quantity
Food security changing animal
illnesses and
Health impacts from
more severe storms
impacts from
diseases from
Respiratory illnesses
from forest fires
Expansion of Lyme
Disease vector
Source: Health Canada, 2008
Health risks in Canada from climate change
Weather- related Disasters in Canada (1900-2011)
Canadian Disaster Database, 2012
Health risks in Canada from climate change
Historical and projected number of hot days and
warm nights for selected cities in Canada
Health Canada, 2012
Climate change impacts on health in
Nova Scotia
o Climate change is a health issue in Nova Scotia
o Risks to health from climate change are increasing because of increases
in severity and frequency of extreme weather events, expansion of
vector-borne diseases and increases in food and water borne
o Some impacts are already being observed - Since the first cases
reported in 2002, the annual number of reported cases of Lyme disease
in Nova Scotia has been increasing
o Increased climate variability are expected to put more pressures on
health care facilities and threaten patient, staff and visitor safety
o Health care facility resiliency assessments can provide information to
raise awareness of health risks and direct actions to help people at risk
Climate change impacts on health in
Nova Scotia
Risk maps for the establishment and spread of the Lyme disease vector Ixodes scapularis under
current climate (2000) and projected future climate (2020 to 2080) (Ogden et al. 2008).
Climate change in Canada: Resources
o Human Health in a Changing Climate: A Canadian
Assessment of Vulnerabilities and Adaptive Capacity
(Health Canada, 2008) http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewhsemt/climat/eval/index-eng.php
o From Impacts to Adaptation: Canada in a Changing
Climate 2007 (Natural Resources Canada, 2008)
o Update: From Impacts to Adaptation: Canada in a
Changing Climate (Natural Resources Canada,
available in 2013)
Climate-related impacts to health care
facilities: examples
 Extreme storms
 Ice-storms
 Hurricanes
 Water-borne contamination
 Heat-waves
Hurricane Juan, 2003
 A category 2 hurricane made landfall in
Nova Scotia as one of the most damaging
hurricanes in Canada.
It was responsible for eight deaths
More than 300,000 people were without
power for up to 10 days
Telephone service was disrupted and the
water infrastructure was compromised
Hospital infrastructure was damaged (e.g.
roof damage, flooding and water damage,
patient evacuations, limited beds,
compromised resources)
Adapted from Health Canada, 2009
Climate change sensitive health programs
Food Safety
Seniors’ Health
Health care
system capacity
Infectious Disease
Health of
Travel Medicine
Air and Water
Climate change risks to health care facilities
Climate Change Impacts on Health
• Extreme weather events
• Food-and water-borne diseases
• Air quality
• Vector-borne diseases
Health Care Facility
Adaptation Options
• Emergency management
• Facilities management
• Health services management
Health Care Facility
• Physical structures
• Patient services
• Health, safety and security
of patients, staff and visitors
Background for the Resiliency Checklist
Resiliency - Definition
o The ability of a community to withstand a disaster and its
consequences (resistance)
o The ability of a community to “bounce back” to its pre-disaster
level of functioning (recovery)
o The extent to which a community learns from the disaster
experience and transforms this knowledge into more advanced
emergency management functioning (creativity)
Background for the Resiliency Checklist
Resiliency - Indicators
Background for the Resiliency Checklist
Resiliency - Indicators
Completing the Resiliency Checklist
Checklist Sections
o General (4 questions)
o Assessing Climate Related Risks (19 questions)
o Risk Management to Reduce Climate Related Risks (45 questions)
o Building Capacity to Adapt to Climate Change (14 questions)
Completing the Resiliency Checklist
Responding to Questions
o Refer to tool kit questions presentation and respond as a group
o Respond using the following legend:
 Yes
 Somewhat / Sometimes
 No
 I don’t know
o Use the comments fields to provide information on:
 Information gaps
 Status of activities
 Other key stakeholders that may have primary responsibility
 Other pertinent information you wish to record
Completing the Resiliency Checklist
Best Use of Results
o Use your resiliency score to inform gaps and needs
o For resiliency areas where you need more information:
 Exchange information with other facilities
 Seek information from experts
 Refer to the Canadian Coalition for Green Health Care Best
Practices Resource Guide
Useful Resources
Hospital Safety Index (WHO, 2009)
Make Hospitals Safe in Emergencies (WHO, 2009)
Disaster Risk Management for Health – Safe Hospitals: Prepared for
Emergencies and Disasters (WHO, 2011)
Addressing climate change in healthcare settings (WHO, 2009)
Safe Hospitals in Emergencies (ISDR, 2010)
Notes Page