Introduction to Search and Rescue (SAR) Resources

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NC Search & Rescue
An Introduction
North Carolina Emergency Management
Introduction to SAR Resources
Day to Day vs. Disaster Operations
 Local Missions
 Disaster Missions
Overview of Resources
North Carolina Emergency Management
Local Resource Requests
Daily Ops
 Contact SEOC / Area Coordinator
 EM-43 submission
 NCEOC/SAR Coordinator can provide
contact info or make contact on
behalf of AHJ
 Advise / Request early
 Note response/demobilization in
EM43
North Carolina Emergency Management
Disaster Operations
•D-5d notification from NCEM that predeployment is being considered
•D-72h request for availability status
•D-48h deployment notification
•D-24h report, d-12h on station
North Carolina Emergency Management
Ordering via WebEOC
• SAR resources need to be pre-deployed
whenever possible.
• Regional Coordination Centers (RCC’s) will
coordinate ordering and pre-deployment with
Counties/NCEOC.
• Once assigned RCC’s can move resources as
needed. Request still needs to be logged.
North Carolina Emergency Management
Requesting State Resources –
The Five W’s
WHAT is needed (mission)
WHO is the resource for
WHEN is it needed
Requests that
answer the 5
W’s can be
filled without
delay
WHERE to deliver
WHY is it needed (justification/mission)
North Carolina Emergency Management
Use Mission Oriented Request
Example: Request aircraft for aerial damage
assessment of county
 Instead of: “Request a Blackhawk for …..”
Example: Request 2 each Type II Swift Water Rescue
Teams to rescue motorist trapped by flood waters in
Rocky Mount along the Neuse River and tributaries.
Example: Request Sheltee Unit with cots, blankets, &
shelter management personnel to provide for 100
additional personnel in Smith Elementary School
Shelter.
North Carolina Emergency Management
Resource Deployment
• Advisory
•
Initial notification of a potential event
• Alert
•
Warning Order - Potential activation within
the next 24 hours – can also authorize
some expenses to begin preparations
• Activation
•
Deployment Order
North Carolina Emergency Management
Resource Notification-Disaster
• State SAR resources on station 24 hours
prior to Tropical Storm conditions.
• Resources will provide manifest upon arrival.
• Resource works for you
• Can provide Incident Support Team (IST) to
help integrate resource into command
system
North Carolina Emergency Management
Hosting SAR Resources
• Swiftwater/Flood Rescue (SFR) Teams and Land SAR
•
•
•
•
Teams require lodging, meal support if not attached
to a USAR Task Force.
 Decon support
 Co-location with NCNG
USAR Teams can be self-sufficient
 Must notify expectation in resource request
NCEM can provide logistical support if needed
Notify RCC as soon as possible if resource not needed
Resources will have VIPER, UHF, VHF comms
North Carolina Emergency Management
State Coordination Role
• Liaison with Air Force Rescue
Coordination Center (AFRCC)
• Track resource availability
• Assist with resource ordering
• Technical Assistance
North Carolina Emergency Management
Resource Overview
Entirely Local Resources - typed to NIMS
standards




11 Urban Search & Rescue Taskforces
37+ Swiftwater Teams
25+ Land SAR
Helicopter Aquatic Rescue Team
 Up to 6 UH-60, 1 Bell 407, & 2 UH-72

Alpine Strike Teams (in progress WBO)
 Search & Rescue and Law Enforcement
North Carolina Emergency Management
NC-USAR-TF1- Swain County EM
(Macon, Graham, Cherokee Clay, Haywood, Jackson, and Transylvania Counties)
NC-USAR-TF2- Buncombe County EM
NC-USAR-TF3- Charlotte Fire Department
NC-USAR-TF4- NC Task Force One
NC-USAR-TF5- Thomasville Rescue Squad
NC-USAR-TF6- Greensboro Fire Department
NC-USAR-TF7- Ash-Rand Rescue
NC-USAR-TF8- Raleigh Fire Department
(Durham, Chapel Hill, Cary Fire Departments)
NC-USAR-TF9- Lumberton Emergency Rescue Unit
(Fayetteville Fire Department)
NC-USAR-TF10- Greenville Fire Rescue Department
(New Bern Fire Department, Roanoke Valley Rescue)
NC-USAR-TF11- New Hanover EM
(Wilmington Fire Department, New Hanover Fire)
USAR Team Locations
Alleghany
Ashe
Watauga
Avery
Madison
Swain
Graham
Cherokee
Clay
1
Macon
Haywood
2
Buncombe
Henderson
Jackson
Transylvania
McDowell
Burke
Rockingham
6
Guilford
Wilkes
Alexander
4
Davie
Forsyth
5
Catawba
8
Gaston
*Participating/partner agencies
*Colored Areas on Map reflect
Primary Response District
3
Mecklenburg
Union
Montgomery
Anson
Warren
Franklin
Edgecombe
Wake
Scotland
10
Pitt
Wilson
Johnston
Harnett
Cumberland
3 TYPE III USAR TEAM
Gates
Greene
Washington
Martin
Sampson
Beaufort
Hyde
Craven
Jones
Pamlico
Duplin
Carteret
Onslow
Bladen
Pender
New
Hanover
Columbus
Brunswick
Tyrrell
Dare
Wayne
9
Robeson
TYPE II USAR TEAM
Bertie
Nash
Lenoir
Hoke
2
Hertford
Moore
Richmond
TYPE I USAR TEAM
Halifax
Chatham
Lee
Stanly
Granville
Vance
Alamance Orange
7
Randolph
Rowan
Cabarrus
Cleveland
Person
Durham
Davidson
Iredell
Caswell
Lincoln
Rutherford
Polk
Stokes
Yadkin
Caldwell
Yancey
Northampton
Surry
1
11
North Carolina Emergency Management
Typing-USAR/Structural Collapse
Type III
Teams have technical search and rescue capability
for light frame structure, swiftwater rescue and
land search capability.
Fully self-supporting for a minimum of 3 days.
Team is capable of 12 hour operations and will
respond with 28 persons.
North Carolina Emergency Management
Typing-USAR/Structural Collapse
Task Force Leader (1)
NC USAR
Type III Task Force
(28 personnel)
Safety Officer (1)
Search Team Manager
(1)
Rescue Team Manager
(1)
Technical Search
Specialist (1)
Canine Search
Specialist (2)
(Optional)
Planning Team
Manager (1)
Logistics Team
Manager (1)
Rescue Squad #1 (6)
Technical Information
Specialist (1)
Logistics Specialist (1)
Rescue Squad #2 (6)
Structures Specialist (1)
Communications
Specialist (1)
Heavy Equipment and
Rigging Specialist (1)
Hazmat Specialist (2)
Medical Specialist (2)
* Taskforce deployment may include an additional 5 personnel in
supporting functions for deployment
** Mission specific conditions may dictate adjustments in taskforce
personnel to fit mission requirements
NorthPositions
Carolina
Emergency
Management
*** Optional
not included
in task force
numbers
Typing-USAR/Structural Collapse
Type II
Teams have technical search and rescue capability
for any type of structure, light to heavy,
swiftwater rescue and land search capability.
Fully self-supporting for a minimum of 3 days.
Team is capable of 12 hour operations and will
respond with 33 personnel.
Two Type II teams can be combined for a Type I
response.
North Carolina Emergency Management
Typing-USAR/Structural Collapse
Task Force
Leader (1)
NC USAR
Type II Task Force
(33 personnel)
Safety Officer
(1)
Search Team
Manager (1)
Rescue Team
Manager (1)
Hazardous
Materials Team
Manager (1)
Canine Search
Specialist (1)
(Optional)
Rescue Squad #1
(6)
Canine Search
Specialist (1)
(Optional)
Rescue Squad #2
(6)
Technical Search
Specialist (1)
Heavy
Equipment and
Rigging
Specialist (1)
Medical Team
Manager (1)
Hazardous
Materials
Specialist (4)
Logistics Team
Manager (1)
Medical
Specialist (2)
Plans Team
Manager (1)
Logistics
Specialist (2)
Structures
Specialist (1)
Communications
Specialist (1)
Technical
Information
Specialist (1)
* Taskforce deployment may include an additional 5 personnel in
supporting functions for deployment
** Mission specific conditions may dictate adjustments in taskforce
personnel to fit mission requirements
Emergency
***North
OptionalCarolina
Positions not
included in taskManagement
force numbers
Typing-USAR/Structural Collapse
Type I
Teams are equivalent to a FEMA Type I USAR Task
Force.
Teams have technical search and rescue capability for
any type of structure, swiftwater
rescue and land search capability.
Fully self-supporting for a minimum of 3 days.
Team is capable of 24 hour operations and will
respond with at least 66 personnel.
North Carolina Emergency Management
Typing-USAR/Structural Collapse
Task Force
Leader (2)
NC USAR
Type I Task Force
(66 personnel)
Safety Officer
(2)
Search Team
Manager (2)
Rescue Team
Manager (2)
Hazardous
Materials Team
Manager (2)
Medical Team
Manager (2)
Logistics Team
Manager (2)
Plans Team
Manager (2)
Canine Search
Specialist (2)
(Optional)
Rescue Squad
#1 (6)
Hazardous
Materials
Specialist (4)
Medical
Specialist (2)
Logistics
Specialist (4)
Structures
Specialist (2)
Canine Search
Specialist (2)
(Optional)
Rescue Squad
#2 (6)
Hazardous
Materials
Specialist (4)
Medical
Specialist (2)
Communication
s Specialist (2)
Technical
Information
Specialist (2)
Technical
Search
Specialist (2)
Rescue Squad
#3 (6)
Rescue Squad
#4 (6)
Heavy
Equipment and
Rigging (2)
(2)Specialist (2)
North Carolina Emergency Management
USAR/SCT Resource Utilization
Concrete or very large areas = Type I/II
Stick built/light frame construction = ANY
K9(s) – in development – 2 Active K9s
Multipurpose SAR resource
North Carolina Emergency Management
NC-HART
North Carolina Emergency Management
Capabilities






Rescue Hoist
Short-Haul Rescue
Swiftwater Rescue
Mountain Rescue
Bambi Bucket (Forest Fire Fighting)
Slingload
North Carolina Emergency Management
Heli-Basket
Three are assembled and ready
for deployment
Can hold fourteen persons during
extreme emergencies
Can hold 4500 lbs. of equipment,
including Mule or Gator vehicles
US&R Team members have been
trained to work with them
North Carolina Emergency Management
NC-HART Request
The following requirements must be met for
deployment of a HART Mission





Resources are not available locally
Mission is for rescue and not recovery
Longer than 4 hours for other type of access
and recovery
Patient has life-threatening injuries
There are excessive risks to rescue personnel
North Carolina Emergency Management
NC-HART Request Procedure
If the criterion is met…


Request made to Local Emergency
Management Coordinator (LEMC)
LEMC requests HART Mission through State
EOC


1-800-858-0368
Mission vetted and assigned by:




NCEM Area Coordinator(s)
State SAR Coordinator
Air Boss & Flight Crews
Division Duty Officer
North Carolina Emergency Management
NC-HART Request Procedure
Required Mission Information




Radio frequency for scene
Number of survivors
Survivors condition
Terrain / rescue site hazards
North Carolina Emergency Management
Flood/Swiftwater Rescue Team Locations
Alleghany
Ashe
Watauga
Swain
Graham
Cherokee
Clay
Haywood
Jackson
Macon

Buncombe
Henderson
McDowell

Burke
Polk
Transylvania
Western Branch
Haywood County Rescue Squad*
Burke County Emergency Services*
Cleveland County EMS
NC USAR TF1
Buncombe County USAR (NCTF2)
Cherokee County Rescue Squad
Asheville Fire Department
Skyland Fire Department
Gaston USAR Team*
Alexander Rescue Squad
Monroe Fire Department
Charlotte Fire Department*
Rowan Rescue Squad
Lenoir Rescue
Midland Fire Department
Oak Hill Fire Department
Henderson Rescue Squad
Troutman Fire Department (NCTF4)
Lincoln County Rescue Squad
Person
Vance

Randolph
Rowan

Cabarrus
Chatham
Gates
Hertford
Franklin
Nash

Bertie
Edgecombe

Tyrrell
Washington
Martin
Wake
Wilson
Dare
Pitt
Johnston
Lee
Stanly
Montgomery
Anson
Harnett
Greene
Richmond
Beaufort
Lenoir
Hoke
Cumberland
Sampson
Craven
Jones
Duplin
Central Branch
Ash-Rand Rescue Squad
Thomasville Rescue Squad
Greensboro Department
South Orange Rescue Squad
North Chatham Rescue Squad
Rocky Mount Fire Department*
REDS Team (Wake Co.)
Johnston County Sheriff’s Team
Cary Fire Department
Chapel Hill Fire Department
Durham Fire Department
Raleigh Fire Department
Pamlico
Carteret
Scotland
Robeson
Hyde
Wayne
Moore
Mecklenburg
Union
Warr en
Halifax
Alamance Orange
Guilford
Davidson
Catawba
Gaston
Forsyth
Davie
Iredell
Lincoln
Cleveland
Caswell
Durham
Alexander

Rutherford
Rockingham
Granville
Yadkin
Caldwell
Yancey
Stokes
Wilkes
Avery
Madison
Northampton
Surry
Onslow
Bladen
Pender
New
Hanover
Columbus
Brunswick
Eastern Branch
Lumberton Rescue Squad
Hope Mills Fire Department
New Bern Fire Department
Pitt County Sheriff’s Swiftwater Rescue
Team
Greenville Fire/Rescue Department
ARR-MAC Water Response Team
North Carolina Emergency Management
Helicopter Rescue Technicians*

Typing-Swiftwater
Type IV-Evacuation Teams (6 pax)
 Swiftwater awareness, stillwater operations
 Will encompass PWC’s, jon boats, air boats
Type III-Offensive Rescue Operations (6 pax)
 1 boat crew, 6 persons, 1-EMTB
Type II-Offensive Rescue Operations (14 pax)
 2 boat crews, team lead, 1medical (EMTP)
Type I-Offensive Rescue Operations
 2 boat crews, team lead, 2 medical (EMTP)
 4 helicopter rescue technicians
North Carolina Emergency Management
Swiftwater Training Equivalencies
Teams meet NFPA 1006 for personnel
NFPA 1670 for team
Equivalencies
 OSFM
 Rescue 3 International
North Carolina Emergency Management
Water Rescue Resource Utilization
• Typically co-located with NCNG High
Clearance Vehicles
• Will perform just-in-time training for NCNG
• Most teams will require logistical support
• If logistical support will not be available can
deploy with a USAR Task Force
North Carolina Emergency Management
Typing-Ground SAR
• All Ground SAR teams are typed
according to the NIMS guidelines.
• There are 4 Types of Teams
North Carolina Emergency Management
Typing-Ground SAR
 Type IV – Nontechnical
• 1 Team Leader, 3 team members
•
(supported by local EMS)
• Hasty Teams
• Basic SAR Skills – Awareness
• 24 hr pack
• VHF radios for team communication
North Carolina Emergency Management
Typing-Ground SAR
 Type III – Nontechnical
• 2 Team Leader, 6 team members
•
(supported by local EMS)
• Grid Search
• Basic SAR Skills – Awareness
• 24 hr pack
• VHF radios for team communication and comms
with other teams
North Carolina Emergency Management
Typing-Ground SAR
 Type II – Technical
• 4 Team Leader, 28 team members
•
(4 Field Units/4 EMTB)
• Hasty and Grid Search
• Search Management
• VHF radios for team communication and comms
with other teams and aircraft
North Carolina Emergency Management
Typing-Ground SAR
 Type I – Technical
• 6 Team Leader, 48 team members
•
(6Field Units/6 EMTP)
• Hasty and Grid Search
• Search Management
• VHF radios for team communication and comms
with other teams and aircraft
North Carolina Emergency Management
Ground SAR Training Equivalencies
• NASAR – SARTECH program
• OSFM – TR –Wilderness
NFPA 1006
 ASTM F2209
• Advantages/Disadvantages
• Inhouse and recurrence
• Exercise

North Carolina Emergency Management
Typing-Air Scent K9
Type IV
Type III
Type II
Type I
12 hrs, 40 – 60 acres
24 hrs, discriminating 40-60 acres,
non-discriminating 60-120 acres
48 hrs, discriminating 60+ acres,
non-discriminating 120+ acres
72 hrs, discriminating 60+ acres,
non-discriminating 120+ acres
North Carolina Emergency Management
Typing-Tracking/Trailing K9
Type
Type
Type
Type
IV
III
II
I
age
age
age
age
up
up
up
up
to
to
to
to
1.5 hrs, .25 – .5 mile
1.5-4 hrs, .5 - 1mile
4 - 12 hrs, 1mile +
24+ hrs , 1mile +
North Carolina Emergency Management
Typing-Land Cadaver Air Scent K9
Type IV
Type III
Type II
Type I
Locate 15 grams of remains
hanging, buried or at ground
level, nondisaster.
Same as Type IV plus vehicles,
nondisaster.
Locate deceased persons (>15g) in
disaster ops, self sustain 24 hr.
Locate deceased persons (<15g) in
disaster ops, self sustain 24 hr
North Carolina Emergency Management
K9 Training Equivalencies
• NASAR – SARTECH program
• OSFM – TR –Wilderness
NFPA 1006
 ASTM F2209
IPWDA - International Police Working Dog Assoc.
KNOW THE RESOURCE!!!
Disaster –vs- Structural Collapse
Inhouse and recurrence
Exercise

•
•
•
•
•
North Carolina Emergency Management
Ground SAR Resource Utilization
Confinement-minimal training needed
Hasty Teams– Early Deployment/High POD
 Sign cutting, Determine DOT, clue conscious
Grid Search– Efficiency Focused, increase POD
Air Scent K9- clear areas, increase POD
Tracking/Trailing K9
 Must have scent article
 Determine/maintain DOT
North Carolina Emergency Management
Wilderness - Alpine (In Progress)
• Three 8-10 person strike teams being
developed in Western Branch
• Will have snow / ice capability
• Working to develop LEO component
North Carolina Emergency Management
Information
www.NCDPS.gov
 Divisions >
 Emergency Management>
 Search & Rescue
Brian Barnes
State SAR Coordinator
Office: 919-825-2255
Mobile: 919-815-5596
Email: [email protected]
North Carolina Emergency Management
Questions?
Swiftwater
Urban
Alpine
Helicopter
Wilderness
North Carolina Emergency Management
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