Pakistan sub-national CPWG reponse plan and gap 2010 ENG

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H umanitarian R esponse in Sindh
Update of current humanitarian response
regarding Child protection
HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE IN SINDH
H umanitarian R esponse in S indh
Relief/Response
Activities
Note: The relief and response activities correspond to what is
being implemented in the IDP camps
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Overall Situation Analysis and Needs
Relief/Response Activities
• The pre-existing extreme poverty in Sindh, as well as
reduction of assistance to population in IDP camps including
recreational and educational activities is contributing to
increase of child begging, early marriage & child labor.
• Government has ordered camp closure in Jamshoro district
where assistance such as transport to be provided both by
government and agencies.
• Small number of camps still functional. Number of IDPs is
dropping daily but some IDPs, including children, are
returning to camps. These multiple displacements is a risk
factor regarding the psycho-social well-being of children
and families.
• The returning of IDPs to their place of origin is continuing in
all districts in South Sindh. Return need to be organized in
a way to prevent increase in family separation, violence and
abuse as well as child trafficking.
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Provision of services
Relief/Response Activities
The list below presents an overall view of current provision
of child protection services in some of the remaining IDP
camps in South Sindh. The coverage and scope is minimal.
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Child Friendly Spaces
CP committees and social network monitoring of issues
NFI distribution
Referral to legal aid and other services
CP awareness
CP mainstreaming into other sectors
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Relief/Response Activities
Cluster’s
Response esponse in
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Completed and ongoing activities
A) Coordination mechanisms – i. completed
• Rapid protection assessment in the IDP camps
regarding protection, child protection and GBV.
• Advocacy and proposal writing on winterization NFIs
for the most vulnerable including children with Shelter
cluster.
• Training session on CP to members of PWG as well as
focal points of other working groups.
• Advocacy for access and mainstreaming of CP into
other sectors’ response.
Cont….
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Relief/Response Activities
Cluster’s
Response esponse in
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Completed and ongoing activities
A) Coordination mechanism – ii. ongoing
• The protection working groups in three districts in South
Sindh are functional and deal with child protection response
to cases in the remaining IDP camps.
• Advocacy with government, CCCM & OCHA for measures for
safe return from IDP camps to village of return.
• Advocacy on needs of vulnerable IDP children’s.
• PWG is instrumental in establishing referral mechanisms
and pathways between organizations.
• Regular referral to other clusters of protection issues
including child protection.
Cont….
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Relief/Response Activities
Cluster’s
Response esponse in
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Completed and ongoing activities
B) Assistance for prevention and response regarding child protection –
i. completed
• Over 100 static child friendly spaces in IDP camps and
100 locations in camps serviced by mobile child friendly
spaces with recreational and non-formal education
activities.
• Over 100 CP committees and social network monitoring
of CP issues.
• Referral to legal aid and other services through
helplines.
• Group and individual counselling for vulnerable
population including children (mostly Thatta district).
• Campaign/awareness on birth registration & Child
labour.
Cont….
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Relief/Response Activities
Cluster’s
Response esponse in
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Completed and ongoing activities
B) Assistance for prevention and response regarding child protection –
ii. ongoing
• Child Friendly Spaces in some of remaining IDP camps.
• CP committees and social network monitoring of CP
issues in some of the remaining camps.
• NFI distribution to the most vulnerable in camps
including children.
• Referral to legal aid and other services through
helpline.
• Elaboration and dissemination of CP messages in IDP
camps including during awareness sessions in
coordination with CFS/CP flotilla.
Cont….
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Overall Gap in Sindh Province
Relief/Response Activities
• Even if awareness for mainstreaming child protection
in different sectors’ response is being noticed, greater
coordinated efforts need to be done by CP sub-cluster
to capture achievements and identify where
improvements need to be done.
• Distribution of NFI for children and recreational
material (i.e clothes & shoes).
• As the remaining IDP camps are soon to be closed, a
coordinated response and assistance for IDPs
returning to place of origin as well as identification of
measures to put in place during movement of
population in order to prevent increased of family
separation, abuse & trafficking is still needed.
Cont….
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Future Plans/Planned Activities
Relief/Response Activities
• Maintain the activities in the camps regarding
monitoring and referral through committees and
social networks.
• Coordinate with other sectors to consider psychosocial well-being of children in service delivery.
• Collaborate to coordination efforts from UNHCR,
CCCM, OCHA and government in view of
protective return to villages of origin.
• Collaborate to coordination efforts in places of
return to help preventing IDPs returning to relief
camps.
HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE IN SINDH
H umanitarian R esponse in S indh
Early Recovery
Activities
Note: The early recovery activities correspond to what is being
implemented in the villages of return
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Early Recovery Activities
CP sub-Cluster’s
Recovery
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Strategy
Considering the evolution of the realities on the ground:
• Identification of root causes and appropriate solutions to be put in
place such considering the overall situation such as the status of
livelihoods as well as cultural factors.
• Role and empowerment of communities to be central.
• Support to families to gradually rebuild their capacities to respond
to the needs of their own children.
• Build on and enhance existing assets such as cultural, physical,
organizational, social, etc. as to guarantee a protective
environment for children
• Establish sustainable child protection monitoring mechanism
including referral system.
• Advocacy for the promotion and sustained rights of boys and girls.
Cont….
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Cluster’s Early Recovery Strategy
Early Recovery Activities
Concretely:
• Build on existing social mobilization efforts such as from the
education cluster but also the IOM initiative supporting human
network at village level in order to assess the critical child
protection issues in the different localities, raise awareness
through a communication strategy as well ensure monitoring and
referral.
• Develop synergy with the education sector regarding the soft
component of protection in schools.
• Continue, when needed, to implemented psychosocial support
through the shift from camps/establishment of CFS – while
evolving towards strengthening pre-existing or newly established
services such as school, sport clubs, religious activities, etc.
• Train and network with initiatives with all the other sectors such
as Public health, housing, etc. at local and global levels.
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Overall Situation Analysis and Needs
Early Recovery Activities
• The integrated programmatic approach required for the early
recovery and reconstruction phase urge clusters and government
counterparts to work even more closely.
• The returning of IDPs to their place of origin is continuing in all
districts in South Sindh.
• Collection of up-to-date information and monitoring of the
situation regarding children returning to their community is not
regular or systematic.
• The pre-existing extreme poverty in South Sindh, as well as the
yet very limited introduction of livelihoods programs in areas of
return and the impediments regarding second installment of
Watan card contribute to increase in child begging, early
marriage, child labor as well as reduction of school attendance.
• The already scarce number of social services available for referral
of PSS cases before flood, as well as the very limited expansion of
its services, are hindering the local governments and communities
to respond and prevent the increased CP issues due to flood.
Cont….
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Early Recovery Activities
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Overall
Situation Analysis
andin
Needs
• Cases of corporal punishment in schools are being reported more
frequently in flood affected areas but issue is not receiving the
needed attention despite knowing that there is increased need of
PSS after emergencies.
• There is little strengthening the pre-floods existing social assets
in the places of return as to contribute to the safety-net for
children at community level.
• The integrated programmatic approach, required for the early
recovery and reconstruction phase, urge clusters and government
counterparts to work even more closely.
• Reshuffling of government authorities at district level continues in
South Sindh which might affect the continuity regarding the
coordination between clusters and government counterparts.
• OCHA’s offices in Sindh province will be closing by March 31st and
UNDP will take over.
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Provision
Early Recovery Activities
Provision of Services
Child
Friendly
Spaces
/
community center
Sport/recreational activities
Group and individual counseling /
psychiatrists
Committees
and
strengthening
social networks / monitoring of CP
issues
NFI distribution
Awareness on CP issues i.e
sessions, mass communication –
radio
Birth registration
Monitoring and referral to legal
aid and other services (case
management)
Women safe space
Legal aid services and other social
services
Skill building and/or income
generating activities for women &
adolescents
CP
mainstreaming
through
integrated projects
Dadu district
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Jamshoro district
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Thatta district
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Early Recovery Activities
Cluster’s
Response esponse in
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Completed and ongoing activities
A) Coordination mechanism – ongoing
• Provincial Protection cluster was created. The protection working
groups in three districts in South Sindh are functional and may be
in position to act as the interface for the coordination with the
protection provincial cluster.
• The PWG in districts are building on their capacities developed
during the relief phase to address issues of children in the villages
of return.
• The PWG in all three districts has improved their capacities for
better follow-up of action points with members.
• Cluster members are taking increased initiatives to coordinate and
share information and knowledge as well as to advocate on CP
issues with relevant bodies at district level.
• Verbal agreement that the section on protection from the HI/ACF
assessment including children and disabilities in Thatta district be
available to all PWG members for further use.
Cont….
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Early Recovery Activities
Cluster’s
Response esponse in
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Completed and ongoing activities
• Support for proposal writing on referral mechanisms and
livelihood initiatives for the most vulnerable including children to
be submitted to ERF for funding.
• Planning & providing training sessions on CP to members of PWG
as well as focal points of other working groups.
• Advocacy with government and agencies/INGO on needs of
vulnerable population including children’s as well as need for
additional provision of services especially in Jamshoro district.
• The PWG is instrumental to consolidate a referral mechanism
between the organizations. Regular referral between the members
as well as to other clusters (on child protection issues).
• Ad hoc coordination with other sectors for mainstreaming of CP
into other sectors.
• Establishment of collaboration mechanisms with CP for GBV
mapping. Inputs for CP inclusion in the questionnaires to be used
for mapping.
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Early Recovery Activities
Cluster’s
Response esponse in
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Completed and ongoing activities
B) Assistance for prevention and response regarding child protection
i. completed
• NFI distribution of winter kits to most vulnerable children /
families including blankets and clothes (in a lesser quantity).
• Field testing of draft CP messages included in the communication
strategy with different audiences. Compilation of feedback
completed. Messages to be used for community awareness and
mass communication (i.e. FM Radio, street theatre, awareness
sessions ).
HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE IN SINDH
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Early Recovery Activities
Cluster’s
Response esponse in
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Completed and ongoing activities
B) Assistance for prevention and response regarding child protection
ii. ongoing
• Around 80 static child friendly spaces in villages of return and
over 200 locations serviced by mobile child friendly spaces with
recreational and non-formal education activities. A number have
projected to operate as community centres or ECC and the
planning of new community centres is progressing.
• Individual and groups counselling being offered to the most
vulnerable by a few agencies mostly in Thatta.
• CP committees in more than 300 localities as well as verbal
agreement with IOM to build on their community mobilization
network for CP awareness. Birth registration is one of the issues
that is being addressed.
• Skill building for more than 350 women with projection of
expansion of programs.
Cont….
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Early Recovery Activities
Cluster’s
Response esponse in
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Completed and ongoing activities
• Approval and/or elaboration of integrated proposal where CP is
both a cross-cutting issue as well as include specific CP activities
as community and specialized psycho-social support.
• Safe space for women and/or vocational training and income
generating activities for women in Dadu and Thatta. Program
should be expanding.
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Overall Gap in Sindh Province
Early Recovery Activities
• Disruption of services in the areas of return and lack of coverage
capacity and resources including information about situation and
assistance.
• The tool to be used for UC ranking with OCHA do not contemplate
any indicator regarding child protection as well as the village
profiling exercise.
• No comprehensive harmonized response to prevent or to address
child protection issues, such as child labour and early marriage including rehabilitation of livelihoods - has been coordinated
between all different sectors.
• Collection of up-to-date information and monitoring of the
situation regarding children returning to their community is not
regular or systematic and no standard instrument is being used.
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Future Plans/Planned Activities
Early Recovery Activities
• Considering the new ERWG structure, mainstreaming protection /
child protection in all sectors. In this regard:
 Include CP mainstreaming indicators in all sectors of the SRF.
 Mainstream training on CP in all sectors where the communication
messages will be a key tool to standardize approaches.
 Education sector as entry point for psychosocial impacts, inclusion
of children with disabilities, violence and abuse and prevention of
child labour.
 Livelihood & food and agriculture sectors as entry points to
prevent and respond to worse form of child labour and for
children without primary caregivers / voluntary separation.
 Health and nutrition as entry point for prevention and response to
child marriage, violence and abuse, and psychosocial impacts.
 Community infrastructure, housing and public health sectors as
entry points for flood related hazards and children with
disabilities.
 Governance sector as entry point for law implementation on birth
registration, trafficking, early marriage and children in conflict
with the law.
Cont….
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Future Plans/Planned Activities
Early Recovery Activities
• Considering the current CP initiatives & programs, in
addition to implementation of current provisions:
 Support Social Welfare Departments/Ministry to advocate
with other ministries/departments to ensure children’s rights
and that CRC is being used commonly.
 Rolling out of the CP communication strategy should be tied
with other initiatives such as IOM community mobilization,
UNICEF-CP C4D, etc. and should ensure increased provision
of social services when needed for effective and sustainable
results.
 Monitoring and referral system should build on pre-existing
systems and structures i.e education committees, etc.
 Advocacy and support elaboration of project proposal for
integrated projects with CP mainstreaming especially for the
North of Jamshoro district.
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Critical Issues (if any)
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Scale of the needs and outreach challenges
Not much done so far on integrated strategy.
Lack of social services in areas of return.
Limited dissemination and use of incident
reporting format to further identify trends and
patterns and increase access to evidence-based
data.
• 2nd installment of Watan card not operational
which limits family’s capacities to respond to their
immediate needs while sustainable livelihood
strategies & programs are being put in place.
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