Recent Major Events

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Head Chair: Victor Huang
Co-Chairs: Cashua Wang, Eric Lee
Chair:
Cashua
Wang
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French air strikes kill Mali rebel
commander Omar Ould Hamaha
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Hamaha was part of the coup that
deposed of the Malian president in 2012.
An outspoken leader for the Ansar Dine,
the US and France recognized him as a
terrorist.
10-12 other suspected Islamic militants
were killed alongside Hamaha during
French-Malian counter-terrorism strikes.
Parts of Franco-German brigade
deployed to boost Malian security
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Under the European Union (EU), the
Franco-German brigade intends to
integrate into the EU mission in Mali
(EUTM). As per the EUTM’s goals, the
Franco-German brigade will aid in
training Malian soldiers.
Around 1,600 French troops remain in
Mali with 3000 EUTM trained Malian
soldiers.
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Jihadists return to Northern Mali a
year after Operation Serval
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Operation Serval is an ongoing military
operation in Mali by the French air force
and army. Following SC Res 2085, the
operation’s goal is to oust Islamist
militants from Mali.
The AQIM continues to target families
either hostile to Islamist presence in
Northern Mali or friendly and helpful to
French presence. Targeted people
include, particularly, Tuareg members of
the National Movement for the Liberation
of Azawad (MNLA).
French, Chadian, and Malian troops
continue to fend off attacks by suicide
bombers, mines, and/or arms even with
the MINUSMA presence of 6000 UN
Peacekeepers.
The AQIM, MUJAO, and Ansar Dine
remain particularly prominent in Northern
Mali.

Al-Qaeda linked Islamic militants (MUJAO) kidnap 5 Mali
Red Cross workers
 The members are alive and in good health according to a MUJAO
spokesman. All 5 members are Malian citizens.
 Question to consider (QTC): How should countries ensure safety of
NGO workers while providing aid in Mali and the Sahel region?

Drought remains a major issue in the Sahel region
 Drought leads to food insecurity. Around 20 million people face food
insecurity and malnutrition in the Sahel region.
 Many people have fled Mali to other countries due to the drought and
conflict, creating a major refugee problem for surrounding countries.
 QTC: How should nations support and stabilize Mali concerning
drought, famine, and refugee issues?

Mali:
 The Malian government is
strongly democratic. In
contrast, numerous rebel
groups are Sharia-law
supporting Islamist militants.
 The current Malian
government fights against the
rebel groups but lacks the
resources to do so
successfully, hence, the need
for a French intervention and
UN Peacekeeping mission.

France
 As an ex-colonial ruler, France
strongly supports military
intervention to support Malian
security.
 Mali remains a crucial
geographical location for France
and Europe in maintaining
military bases and defending
against terrorist attacks. Mali
also has rich deposits of gold
and uranium.
 France strongly supports the
current democratic Malian
government and does not
support the rebels.
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Middle Eastern Nations
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Oceania
•
Iran has promised support for Mali in
ending the conflict and is interested in
working with the African Union to end
the conflict.
Asia

China is highly invested in Mali
monetarily and supports the Malian
government, having several thousand
peacekeepers in Mali.

Having historically close ties with
Europe, Australia and New Zealand
also support the Malian government,
with New Zealand providing small
funds for the humanitarian effort in
Mali.
Americas

The US supports Malian ventures in
re-establishing a democratic
government as well as supporting the
French foreign intervention. However,
the US is not as highly invested in
Mali, and suspended military aid
during the interim government in Mali
after the coup.

African Union (AU):
 The AU supports the Malian
government in fighting against the
Islamist militants, a major problem
occurring in other parts of Africa.
AFISMA was started by the AU to
support Mali in regaining security. Very
flexible in working with other nations.

European Union (EU):
 The EU likewise supports the Malian
government, and has sent the EUTM
mission to train Malian government
soldiers. Military intervention is
strongly supported. Very flexible in
working with other nations concerning
Mali.

UNSC P5
 For once, the UN P5
are in one accord
concerning ending
the Malian conflict.
The P5 are also in
support of the
previous French
military intervention.
Chair: Eric L.
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2013 December - US and Britain suspend "nonlethal" support for rebels in northern Syria after
reports that Islamist rebels seize some bases of
Western-backed Free Syrian Army.
2014 January-February - UN-brokered peace
talks in Geneva fail, largely because Syrian
authorities refuse to discuss a transitional
government.
2014 March - Syrian Army and Hezbollah forces
recapture Yabroud, the last rebel stronghold
near the Lebanese border.

UNITED NATIONS —the plight of civilians has not improved and that millions
remain in dire need since the Security Council united in demanding better aid.
Valerie Amos told reporters after her private briefing to the 15-nation council that
the situation for millions of desperate Syrians has not gotten better and will not
improve unless there is “full and unhindered access.”
“I told the Council that we need to see a significant step-change in the speed and
scale of humanitarian aid, if we are to save lives and keep pace with the evergrowing needs," she said. "This piecemeal approach, despite the best efforts of
humanitarian workers on the ground, is not delivering change fast enough.”
On February 22, the SC unanimously adopted a resolution demanding both sides
end attacks on civilians, including
1.
the use of barrel bombs
2. give unhindered access to humanitarian relief operations
3.
end sieges on cities and towns
4. lift bureaucratic obstacles
5.
allow aid convoys to cross conflict lines and international borders to reach the
3.5 million needy Syrians in hard-to-reach areas
The stalled Middle East peace process and Syria’s civil
war dominated opening talks at the 25th Arab League
Summit, which got under way in Kuwait.
 Following an opening recitation from the Quran, the
emir of Qatar, Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani,
whose nation chaired last year’s meeting, called on
Israel to withdraw completely from all Arab territories.
 The secretary-general of the Arab League, Nabil alArabi, later applauded U.S. efforts to forge peace in
the region, but blamed Israeli settlement expansion
and other policies for the stalemate.
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USA: The United States could not have stopped the humanitarian crisis in
Syria with military strikes, President Barack Obama said U.S. troops had
reached their limits after long wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. U.S.
Ambassador Samantha Power said President Bashar al-Assad’s regime is
the biggest obstacle to the delivery of aid.
China and Russia: Both countries recently agreed unanimously with the
SC members on allowing “unhindered humanitarian access” to cities,
towns, and neighborhoods under siege by warring factions. However, no
armed intervention is necessary.
Syria: Assad is quietly preparing the ground to hold elections by early this
summer to win another 7-year term, even as the Syrian conflict
rampages into its fourth year with large parts of the country either in
ruins or under opposition control and nearly a third of the population
scattered by civil war. Syria has not yet disposed all chemical weapons
and still has great issues in delivering aid.
A French peacekeeper patrols Bangui, Jan. 2014
Victor Huang
Jan 10th – President Michael Djotodia and Prime Minister Nicolas Taingaye
resign*
 Jan 23rd – Catherine Samba-Panza (previously mayor of Bangui, the capital of the
CAR) assumes the position of interim President. Ban Ki-Moon approves of this
appointment, since Samba-Panza was viewed by many as being neutral and
away from clan-clashes. Her arrival to presidency has generally been accepted
by both anti-balaka and ex-Seleka forces.
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Above: Catherine Samba-Panza being swarmed by reporters
*this is so important I’ve decided to put it in again!!! Djotodia used to be the leader of the Seleka organization!
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January – the European Union promised to send 1000 additional troops to the CAR.
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Feb 18th – Ban Ki-Moon called on the Security council to immediately deploy 3000 troops in the nation to
combat “innocent civilians being targeted and murdered”. Ban outlined a plan which included sending
3000 more peacekeepers in addition to the 6000 African Union soldiers and 2000 French soldiers already
stationed in the CAR.
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March 29th– the European Union announced in a news release that it is beginning to launch a military
operation to restore stability. The forces will be known by the acronym EUFOR RCA and will operate
primarily in the capital city of Bangui. This is authorized by the Security Council Resolution 2134, and the
force is anticipated to contain 800-1000 people.
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April 3rd – Chad announced it would pull out its 850 troops stationed in the CAR, because these troops
have been accused of siding with Muslim militias (ex-Seleka) in sectarian clashes with Christians (antiBalaka). The Chadian troops had also been previously reported to have killed at least 24 people in the
CAR.
A French Peacekeeper patrols Bangui
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Europe:
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Africa:
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The African Union currently has 8000 troops stationed in the CAR. Many nations surrounding the CAR (such as Gabon,
Cameroon, Angola, South Africa, and the Republic of Congo) currently have sent additional military aid. If you are an
African nation, you most likely support helping out the CAR.
Chad:
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If you are a European nation, chances are you’re probably FOR sending some sort of peacekeeping group into the
CAR to help out the situation. France has already stationed about 2000 troops within the CAR (which is its ex-colony),
and the EU has very recently announced they will be sending additional troops to help out the situation.
A tricky situation. With the recent announcement of the pull-out of Chadian troops, while Chad as a nation may not
be willing to continue contributing militarily, it definitely does not want to see the conflict spilling over into your
borders.
Asia/Latin America:
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So far there hasn’t been a strong stance on this issue. Such nations are most likely neutral in regards to this matter;
they don’t want to see the conflict spread but won’t pledge to devote their own resources to solving it.

The Central African Republic has descended into its current
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bloody conflict for
months already.
UN and Humanitarian Agencies report that:
15
1000 people have been killed.
More than 1,000,000 people have been displaced out of
the CAR’s population of 4,500,000, as a result of this
 more than

conflict.
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2.5
More than
million people are in need of immediate
humanitarian assistance.
Best of luck, delegates!
-Victor, Cashua and Eric
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