Computer Misuse By: Alex Meadows Michael Read How can you misuse a computer? • • • • • • • • Accessing data stored electronically Copying software without permission Corrupting data Email and Chat room Abuse Pornography Grooming Identity and financial abuses Viruses Hacking • Defined as breaking into your IT system without consent. • It is still an offence if no damage is done and no files are deleted • Precautions such as Firewalls, Anti-Virus and secure passwords should be taken against hacking Computer Misuse Act (1990) • The act defines three specific offences: – Unauthorised access to computer material – Unauthorised access to a computer with intent to commit or facilitate the commission of a serious crime – Unauthorised modification of computer material Computer Misuse Punishments • Unauthorised access to computer material including copying software stored on the computer: – 6 months in prison or a £5,000 fine • Unauthorised access with intent to commit further offences i.e. spreading viruses – 5 years in prison or an unlimited fine • Changing computer information Cyber-x type activities • Taking malicious forms of offline communications online… – Cyber bullying – Cyber terrorism – Cyber stalker …in the headlines today! • A man incited riots on Facebook in Wales. The man was sentenced under the malicious communications act for four years. • A disgruntled IT supplier hacked a estate agent website and replaced pictures of houses with pornography. The person was convicted under the computer misuse act. How does computer misuse affect… • Extra security to prevent unauthorised access to confidential data • As an ISP, BT have to block access to illegal file sharing websites • OFCOM regulations to tackle equivalence issues • The different BT Group businesses have to operate from different building areas How does computer misuse affect… • Extra security to prevent unauthorised access to confidential data • Payments are dealt with by a 3rd Party to fully comply with the Data Protection Act • Strict selling guidelines How does computer misuse affect… • Extra security to prevent unauthorised access to confidential data • Obliged to alert users of ‘hoax’ websites • Filter inappropriate content • Prime arena for cyber-x activities How the computer misuse act impacts the way in which an organisations products and services are offered • General points to note – Increased internet security – Employee awareness programmes – Data Protection systems Any Questions?