Session 24_FEMAs Integrated Public Alert and

Integrated Public Alert and Warning System
Get Alerts, Stay Alive
2012 National Radiological Emergency Preparedness (REP)
April 26, 2012
The Evolution of Public Emergency Alerting
1951 - 1963
1963 - 1997
Originally called the “Key
Station System,” the
CONtrol of
was established in August
Participating stations tuned
to 640 & 1240 kHz AM and
initiated a special
sequence and procedure
designed to warn citizens.
EBS was initiated to
address the nation
through audible alerts. It
did not allow for targeted
System upgraded in 1976
to provide for better and
more accurate handling of
alert receptions.
Originally designed to
provide the President with
an expeditious method of
communicating with the
American Public, it was
expanded for use during
peacetime at state and
local levels.
1997 - - - - - - - - present EAS
EAS jointly coordinated
by the FCC, FEMA and
IPAWS modernizes and
integrates the nation’s alert
and warning infrastructure.
Designed for President to
speak to American
people within 10 minutes.
Integrates new and existing
public alert and warning
systems and technologies
thru adoption of new alert
information exchange
format - the Common
Alerting Protocol or CAP
EAS messages
composed of 4 parts:
• Digitally encoded
• Attention Signal
• Audio Announcement
• Digitally encoded endof-message marker
Provided for better
integration with NOAA
weather and local alert
distribution to
Provides authorities a
broader range of message
options and multiple
communications pathways
original timeline info borrowed from:
The Broadcast Archive by Barry Mishkind,
The Eclectic Engineer
IPAWS Vision
Provide Timely Alert And Warning To American People To Preserve
Life And Property
Integration of public alert communications systems:
– One emergency alert message delivered to all available public channels
– Easy to use for public safety/alerting authorities
 Improves and Enhances emergency alerting by increasing:
– reliability that affected citizens receive an alert via at least one path
– likelihood that citizens react to emergency alerts
IPAWS Architecture
Standards based alert message protocols, authenticated alert message senders, shared, trusted
access & distribution networks, alerts delivered to more public interface devices
Alert Disseminators
(public alerting systems)
* Includes NOAA
IPAWS compliant
CAP Alert
Origination Tools
Emergency Alert System
All Radio and TV
AM FM; Digital, Analog,
Cable, and Satellite
the Message Router
(Open Platform for
Emergency Networks)
CAP messages
CAP messages
American People
Commercial Mobile Alert
System (CMAS)
cell phones
web applications,
widgets, web sites,
social media
Internet Services
IPAWS compliant
CAP Alert
Origination Tools
State / Local Unique
Alerting Systems
Digital Signage
Future Technologies
IPAWS Capabilities Overview:
• State/Local alerts sent thru IPAWS are distributed to:
Local radio and TV stations participating in local EAS
Cellular phones as Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEA)
NOAA for broadcast over local NOAA Weather All Hazards Radio
Websites and services (expected operational in May 2012)
• Public alerts published to IPAWS alert feed for distribution by internet information services
and applications that choose to monitor IPAWS for alert information
IPAWS is Operational Now! (Not all EAS or cellular participants are online yet.)
• Public safety officials who choose (optional) can use IPAWS for
integrated distribution of alert and warning information within their
– As of 27 March:
• 15 State/local/other public safety authorities are already using
• 17 new applications are in process
(list maintained at
IPAWS… So what?
Why should a local or state organization go to the trouble of integrating with
A local system integrated with IPAWS can, at the same time as activation of
your local public alerting systems, also distribute your alert message to:
– your participating local radio and TV EAS participants
– local NOAA All Hazards Weather Radio,
– broadcast a Wireless Emergency Alert to cell phones and,
– deliver the alert message to participating Internet services and
Concept, Local/NPP/ORO alerting integration with IPAWS
Local Unique Alerting
IPAWS Public Alerting Channels
Local Public
Emergency Alert System
All Radio and TV
Commercial Mobile Alert
System (CMAS)
cell phones
Internet Services
web applications,
widgets, sites,
social media
IPAWS Public Alerting Channels
Emergency Alert System and IPAWS CAP
 All EAS Participants are required to monitor IPAWS for a national EAS
emergency alert message
 FCC deadline for EAS participants to begin receiving CAP formatted alerts
from IPAWS is June 30, 2012
– Some participants have already installed updated equipment and are
monitoring the IPAWS EAS Feed
– 4 test messages (RWTs) per week are posted on the IPAWS EAS Feed
 State and Local authorities can use IPAWS to route alerts to local EAS
 IPAWS should complement - but not replace - the systems you are currently
using for EAS
EAS Participants are defined by the FCC’s EAS rules in C.F.R. 47 Part 11 and include
all radio and television broadcast, cable, satellite, and wireline providers (e.g. Verizon
FiOS or ATT Uverse)
How does the EAS Feed work?
Alerts sent to IPAWS-OPEN by federal, state, and local alerting authorities are
posted to the IPAWS EAS Feed hosted at the FEMA data centers
EAS Participants configure their EAS devices to monitor the IPAWS EAS Feed
− local location/FIPS codes for the participating station
− what alerts they will broadcast in accordance with local and state agreements/policies
− the IPAWS EAS Feed URL (could also monitor a state or local CAP alert server)
EAS devices poll the EAS feed for relevant active alerts fitting the stations profile
Appropriate Alerts are retrieved and broadcast in accordance with the State EAS
Plan and any agreements with local officials
Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEA) /
Commercial Mobile Alert System (CMAS)
 IPAWS is the only way emergency
managers can access the Commercial
Mobile Alert System (CMAS) to send
Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEA)
 CMAS capability is
free to alerters and
alertees – no usage
or text message
 Enables authorized public safety officials to
send 90 character, geographically
targeted, emergency alerts to cellular
phones in a danger zone
 Significantly Different from SMS/email based
alerting systems
 Uses “cell broadcast” technology to avoid
network congestion
– Sends alerts to phones in an area - not to
a database of phone numbers
– For “Alerts” only…. not for notification
type messages
– Only for emergencies categorized as:
 Cellular carrier participation voluntary
– 142 carriers have opted-in
 Citizens may opt-out of receiving alerts
– New phones are delivered opted-in
– Not subscription based -- true location
based alerting
• Imminent Threat (Severity, Urgency, Certainty)
• AMBER / Child Abduction Emergency
• Presidential (*** Cannot
Opt-Out ***)
 CMAS is the result of Public-Private
– cellular carriers, FEMA and rules per the FCC
• Status
“FCC Regulatory start” date for wireless carriers is April 7, 2012
 Early launch of capability to NYC completed in Dec 2011
As of March 28th:
 5 carriers connected to IPAWS
AT&T, T-Mobile, Sprint, US Cellular, Verizon Wireless
 26 carriers are in process
 110 more have opted-in per FCC website
Carrier network readiness and handset availability varies
 Carrier is the only source of info for network/handset status info
Access to CMAS for WEA is only via IPAWS!
AT&T Wireless
Samsung Galaxy SII
Samsung Captivate
Motorola Atrix 2
Compatible Phones so far…
HTC EVO Design 4G
Kyocera Brio
Kyocera Duracore
Kyocera DuraMax
LG Marque
Samsung Galaxy SII
Samsung Transform
Samsung Trender
Sanyo Inuendo
Sanyo Milano
Sanyo Vero
LG DoublePlay™
Nokia Lumia 710
myTouch® Q
myTouch® 4G
Samsung Galaxy
Blaze 4G
Verizon Wireless
US Cellular
Samsung Character
Droid 2 Global by
with software
Droid Pro by Motorola update available by
visiting a Service
Droid X2 by Motorola
Technician at a U.S.
Motorola Citrus™
Cellular retail store
LG Cosmos™ 2
LG Revere™
More handsets
LG Enlighten™
coming soon
Carrier Info Webpage links:
Examples of WEA messages on phones
observed in NYC testing:
Federal Government Roles in WEA/CMAS
FCC’s Public Safety & Homeland Security Bureau is the regulatory authority for
– Requirements for participation in the voluntary Commercial Mobile Alert System are
defined in Title 47 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 10
FEMA’s IPAWS-OPEN is the “Federal Alert Gateway” defined in the FCC rules
– Authenticates public alerting authorities
– Provides technical interface to carriers
For regulatory questions:
– see the FCC’s website at
– or contact:
Gregory Cooke
Associate Chief, Policy and Licensing Division
Public Safety & Homeland Security Bureau
Federal Communications Commission
(202) 418-2351
Local Availability: When will CMAS/WEA be in my area?
Per the FCC, carriers to begin offering WEA service on April 7, 2012
– However… contact the FCC and your local carriers for details
– At this time, only Sprint, T-Mobile, Verizon Wireless, AT&T and US Cellular
are connected to the IPAWS CMAS gateway
– Only Sprint has declared readiness to broadcast WEAs in all service areas
– AT&T, Verizon Wireless, T-Mobile have declared readiness in NYC
Monitor the IPAWS web page for updates providing
– Link to a CTIA Wireless Association web page with list of carriers
participating in WEA/CMAS
– List of Wireless Carrier Points of Contact for WEA information
NOAA All Hazards Weather Radio
The National Weather Service (NWS) All-Hazards Emergency Message Collection
System, or HazCollect, can be accessed through IPAWS
HazCollect enables emergency alert messages from local alerting authorities to be
broadcast over local NOAA All Hazards Weather Radio transmitters
Permission to access Hazcollect must be coordinated and approved through the
NWS in coordination with your local Weather Forecast Office
− additional info at
HazCollect interface between FEMA IPAWS and NOAA has been in place since 2010
Internet Services / Applications
Internet web services and applications that choose may request access to monitor
and retrieve public alerts in CAP format from IPAWS
− Soon! IPAWS Public Alerts Feed is in final development
Services then post or distribute emergency alerts information
− e.g. Public Alerts web page publishes active alerts retrieved from NOAA and
the USGS at
How to become an IPAWS user
To leverage the IPAWS capabilities and public alerting channels:
 Need to implement or obtain an IPAWS-compatible software tool
i.e. a CAP compliant tool that interoperates with IPAWS-OPEN
To date, 13 vendors have demonstrated successful posting of a digitally signed
CAP public alert to IPAWS in the test environment
• list of vendors developing compatible tools is on IPAWS website
Four grant programs include language that can be used to enhance existing or
establish new alert and warning programs
 Need State/Territorial/Tribal authorization for Public Alerting Authority in your area
 Need to coordinate with your local EAS Participants to carry your message
 Need to coordinate with your local NOAA NWS Weather Forecast Office for approval to
broadcast Non Weather Emergency Messages over NOAA All Hazards Weather Radio
Also note that CMAS/WEA is not deployed everywhere yet and not all handset are
compatible. Likely to take several years for wide spread coverage to be deployed.
What do you need to do to use IPAWS?
1. You need an IPAWS-compatible software tool:
List of vendors developing compatible tools is on IPAWS website
2. Execute a security Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) with DHS/FEMA
• Formalizes approval for message exchange between your system and IPAWSOPEN system – the MOA application is on the IPAWS website
 The MOA establishes an IPAWS Collaborative Operating Group (COG)
account for your organization
• COGs may be established for State/territorial, regional, or local level organizations
• COG owners administer their own member accounts through their software
Once the these steps are complete, a digital certificate is issued for installation
on your IPAWS-compatible tool that is used to digitally sign all of your
You now have the ability to exchange alert information only with other COGs
If your organization also seeks public alerting authority through IPAWS, an
additional application is required…
Info and forms are at:
Application for Public Alerting Authority
If your organization wants to leverage IPAWS public alerting channels,
a few additional steps are required:
3. Complete an additional application for public alerting authority,
on behalf of the COG organization, is required.
(public alerting application is available by request sent to
The application will ask you to identify:
 the IPAWS public alerting channels to be used (EAS, WEA/CMAS, HazCollect)
 the geographic extent of alerting authority (Statewide? Multi-county? Single
 the Event Codes (from EAS/SAME) the organization is authorized to use - this
must be consistent with State and local EAS and other local Operating Plans
4. Complete EMI Independent Study Course IS-247 “Integrated Public Alert and
Warning System”
Why does FEMA need State, or other formal validation of your “alerting authority”?
– Ensures that alerting permissions are coordinated and consistent with State, Territorial,
Tribal EAS and AMBER Alert plans, or other state and local public warning plans
– Preferably your public alerting application should be routed and signed by a designated
state authority before being submitted to FEMA. IPAWS has found a designated
authority for most states. Request info for your state from
How to sign up for IPAWS
Step 1 -- Select IPAWS compatible software
FEMA does not provide a “front end” user
FEMA works with public and private third party
developers who design their software or
equipment to be compatible with IPAWS
For a list of developers, see
Some vendors have submitted their products
for testing by the FEMA Supporting
Technologies Evaluation Program (STEP). A
list of products that have completed testing is
on the Responder Knowledge Base, search “IPAWS”
How to sign up for IPAWS
Step 2 – Apply for a Memorandum of Agreement with FEMA
Application and instructions are available
from the Website
Form includes your contact and system
A custom MOA is returned to you for
Must be signed by an official authorized to
execute such agreements
MOA includes security, notification, and
recordkeeping requirements
A copy of FEMA executed MOA is returned
with a digital certificate used to configure
your system
How to sign up for IPAWS
Step 3 – Apply for public alerting permissions
Only needed if you want to use IPAWS for
public alerting (vs. interoperability only)
Application, instructions, and state reviewer
contact information are sent to you as part
of the MOA process
Form includes
– Systems desired (i.e., EAS, CMAS,
– Geographic area of alerting authority
(FIPS codes)
– Event code options (e.g. CEM, etc.)
Complete the form and send to your state
reviewer for signature verifying consistency
with state plans and current practice
Return the signed form to FEMA
How to sign up for IPAWS
Step 4 – Complete IPAWS Web-based training
Can be done at any time
EMI Independent Study course IS-247
Approximately two hours
– Lesson 1: Introduction to IPAWS
– Lesson 2: Appropriate, Effective, and
Accessible Alert and Warning Messages
– Lesson 3: Common Alerting Protocol Message
Complete a final exam and receive a
training certificate from EMI
For COG POC, forward a copy of your
training certification to complete the MOA
For all other COG members, retain on file
EMI Independent Study course for Alerting Authorities (IS-247)
 On-line at FEMA Emergency
Management Institute
– Independent study course
– Approx 2 hours to complete
– Provides:
• increased awareness of the
benefits of using IPAWS for
effective public warnings,
• skills to draft more
appropriate, effective, and
accessible warning
messages; and
• best practices in the
effective use of Common
Alerting Protocol (CAP) to
reach all members of their
FEMA IPAWS Language in Federal Grant Programs
Funding from the Homeland Security Grant Program (HSGP), Tribal Homeland
Security Grant Program (THSGP), and Interoperable Emergency Communications
Grants Program (IECGP) may be used to enhance existing or establish new alert
and warning programs
Organizations seeking grants are encouraged to contact FEMA Grants Office and
IPAWS Office prior to initiating program activities
– program guidance, tools, resources and updates are available
– contact IPAWS Office at
Grants can be used for planning and equipment purchases
– Planning: development or enhancement of public alert and warning plans, interoperability
governing bodies, development or enhancement of alert and warning assessments and
inventories, development or enhancement of alert and warning protocols, planning for
emerging technologies
– Equipment: design, construction , implementation, enhancement, replacement, and
maintenance of emergency response communications systems and equipment, planning
procurement and deployment of emerging technology systems
Remember, FEMA grant business is done through the State--counties, locals, private entities, etc. must go through/coordinate
with the State to obtain grant funds
Information for your vendor:
 Three documents define CAP as it will be implemented and used in IPAWS:
– OASIS CAP Standard v1.2
– IPAWS Specification to the CAP Standard(CAP v1.2 IPAWS USA Profile v1.0)
– CAP to EAS Implementation Guide
 An IPAWS-OPEN Developers Guide is available via request to
 Monthly Webinars for System Developers - see IPAWS web page for schedule and
 39 Vendors have declared intent to develop IPAWS public alert posting interoperating
tools - 13 Vendors have demonstrated successful posting of a digitally signed CAP
public alert to IPAWS in the test environment:
• Alerting Solutions, Inc., Next Generation CAP Alert
• Buffalo Computer Graphics, Inc., DisasterLan
• CellCast Technologies Aggregator/Gateway and EAGLE
• Communications Laboratories, Inc., The Emergency
Management Network (EMnet)
• Digital Alert Systems (A Subsidiary of Monroe
Electronics), HALO CAP EAS Alert server,
DASDEC/DASDEC-II CAP EAS encoder/decoder
DASDEC Message Originator, and the DASDEC
R189/R189SE One-Net CAP EAS encoder/decoder
OneNet Message Originator
• Emergency Communications Network, CodeRED
• Everbridge, Inc., Everbridge Aware, Everbridge Matrix,
and Everbridge SmartGIS
• Eye Street Solutions, On-The-Go Alerting
• GovComm, Inc, GovComm
• MyStateUSA Alert Sense
• NC4, E Team
• SwiftReach Networks, Inc., Swift911 Emergency
Notification System
• Trilithic, Inc., EASy Series CAP/EAS
For more information
Email the IPAWS inbox:
IPAWS Website:
EMI Independent Study Course IS-247:
Mailing list for IPAWS Webinar notices:
IPAWS Program Office POCs
Office: (202) 646-4383
Director, Integrated Public Alert and Warning System Division
Office: (202) 646-2523
Deputy Director, Integrated Public Alert and Warning System Division
Office: (202) 646-1386
Chief Engineering, Integrated Public Alert and Warning System Division
State & Local officials using IPAWS:
As of 27 March
Currently connected:
1. AK Kenai Peninsula Borough Office of Emergency
2. CA Contra Costa County Office of the Sheriff
3. CA San Diego County Office of Emergency Services
4. CO Colorado Division of Emergency Management
5. FL Miami-Dade County Office of Emergency Management
6. HI Hawaii State Civil Defense
7. KS Sedgwick County Emergency Management
8. KY Daviess County Kentucky Emergency Management
9. KY Kentucky Division of Emergency Management
10. KY Madison County Kentucky EMA/CSEPP
11. MD Cecil County Department of Emergency Services
12. MD Maryland Emergency Management Agency
13. NJ New Jersey State Police
14. NY New York City Office of Emergency Management
15. OH Ashtabula County Board of Commissioners
Applications in process:
1. AK State of Alaska Division of Homeland Security and
Emergency Management
2. AZ Arizona Division of Emergency Management (ADEM)
3. DC Homeland Security and Emergency Management Agency
4. FL Florida Division of Emergency Management Agency
5. IA Johnson County Emergency Management Agency
6. ID Idaho Bureau of Homeland Security
7. IN Delaware County Emergency Management Agency
8. IN Grant County Emergency Management Agency
9. IN Jackson County EMA
10. IN Jay County Emergency Management Agency
11. IN Wayne County Emergency Management Agency
12. KY Lexington Fayette Urban County Government
13. MI City of Lansing Emergency Management
14. NY New York State Office of Emergency Management
15. OH Geauga County Sheriff
16. TX City of Kirby
17. US NOAA/National Weather Service*
NOAA plans to be operational for all areas
of the US in May. Only alerts for the most
severe weather will be sent as WEA.
Additional IPAWS Information Resources:
Developed for State/Local public safety and EAS Participants to use for EAS test
preparation, information, and education activities
– State Toolkit for IPAWS Adoption
• Information to assist state, county and local
government officials in adopting,
incorporating and using the Common
Alerting Protocol (CAP) and IPAWS
– EAS Best Practices Guide:
• Technical and procedural info on how to
configure EAS equipment, industry best
practices, history and info on how to use
– EAS Test Informational Toolkit:
• General EAS and Nationwide EAS Test
Information, recommended practical
approaches for EAS public awareness
campaigns, tools for customization of EAS
for State and local government
Additional Info
How IPAWS Works…
CAP Message is
created in alerting
tool and sent to the
verifies digital
validates CAP file,
and determines
where it goes
channels either
receive a pushed
message or poll for
a message from
Alerts broadcast to
local consumer
FEMA Responder Knowledge Base Website
Posts Supplier Declarations of Conformance to IPAWS CAP specifications
• 10 vendor declarations
and test reports posted
FEMA NIMS Supporting
Technology Evaluation
Program (NIMS STEP) to
continuing testing for IPAWS
CAP specifications
IPAWS Architecture – including National EAS components
Hybrid FEMA IPAWS and Private Sector infrastructure
White House
FEMA PEP Stations
XM Radio
Private Sector/ Industry systems and infrastructure
systems and