云计算与机器人产业 - 北京大学互联网信息工程研发中心

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RESEARCH OF
COMPUTER SCIENCE
IN
CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE
OF TECHNOLOGY
by Wang Yan, 2012/5/22
B R I E F I N T RO D U C T I O N O F
INSTITUTE
 “Caltech”
 located in Pasadena, California
 founded as a preparatory and vocational school
by Amos G. Throop in 1891
 about 900 undergraduates, 1200 graduates
and 915 teachers
P RO F I L E O F C O M P U T E R
R E S E A RC H
 Engineering & Applied Science
 Department of Computing + Mathematical Sciences
 focus on the theory and technology of computation itself
 “…Whether these structures are expressed in hardware and called
machines, in software and called programs, in abstract notation and
called mathematics, or in nature or society, the fundamental concepts
are similar. ”
P RO F I L E O F C O M P U T E R
R E S E A RC H
 Discrete Differential Modeling
 DNA Computing and Molecular Programming
 Perceptual and Machine Learning for Autonomous Systems
P RO F I L E O F C O M P U T E R
R E S E A RC H
 Rigorous Systems Research
 Scientific Computing and Applied Analysis
 Theory of Computation
FAC U LT Y

Name: Pietro Perona

Title: Allen E. Puckett Professor of Electrical
Engineering

Degrees and Appointments: D.Eng., University of
Padua (Italy), 1985; Ph.D., University of California, 1990. Assistant
Professor, Caltech, 1991-96; Professor, 1996-2008; Puckett Professor,
2008-. Director, Center for Neuromorphic Systems Engineering, 1999-
2004. Executive Officer, 2006-10
FAC U LT Y
 Research Interests:
Computer vision: Recognition, Navigation,
Diffusions, Human-Computer interfaces,
Texture analysis, Multiresolution image analysis
Human vision: Perception of shape-from-shading,
perception of texture. Models of early vision
FAC U LT Y

Name: Yaser S. Abu-Mostafa

Title: Professor of Electrical Engineering and
Computer Science

Degrees and Appointments: B.Sc., Cairo University,

1979; M.S.E.E., Georgia Institute of Technology, 1981;
Ph.D., Caltech, 1983. Garrett Research Fellow in Electrical
Engineering, 1983; Assistant Professor, 1983-89; Associate Professor,
1989-94; Professor, 1994-.
FAC U LT Y
 Research Interests:
Machine Learning, Computational Finance, Pattern Recognition and
Data Mining, Information and Complexity, Foundations of
Probability and Statistics
FAC U LT Y

Name: Joel W. Burdick

Title: Professor of Mechanical Engineering and
Bioengineering
Degrees and Appointments: B.S., Duke University, 1981; M.S.,
Stanford University, 1982; Ph.D., 1988. Assistant Professor, Caltech, 1988-94;
Associate Professor, 1994-2000; Professor of Mechanical Engineering, 200002; Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Bioengineering, 2002-. Executive
Officer for Bioengineering, 2006-07
FAC U LT Y
 Research Interests:
 Robotic Manipulation/DARPA ARMS
 Robotic Field Manipulation/RCTA
 Axel and DuAxel Rovers for extreme
planetary terrains
PA P E R
 Robot Motion Planning in Dynamic, Uncertain Environments
 IEEE Transactions On Robotics, VOL. 28, NO. 1, February 2012
 Noel E. Du Toit, Member, IEEE, and Joel W. Burdick, Member,
IEEE
PA P E R
 presents a strategy for planning robot motions in dynamic,
uncertain environments
 presents a novel procedure to account for future information
gathering (and the quality of that information) in the planning
process
 present a partially closed-loop receding horizon control algorithm
云计算与机器人产业
 云计算:基于互联网、大众参与、虚拟透明化、以服务方
式提供
 使用者角度:无限扩展、随时获取
 机器人:融合了智能与感情的先进智能机器
云计算与机器人产业
 remote brain, Masayuki Inaba, Tokyo University
 云机器人,James Kuffner, CMU, Humanoids 2010
 机器人成为网络终端
 利用云计算技术,云机器人能够将计算量大的任务提交到
远程云服务器上进行,同时利用云计算提供的服务扩展自己的
知识库与能力
云计算与机器人产业
 欧洲科学家启动RoboEarth计划,试图让机器人共享信息并存储它们的
发现
 法国GostaiNet机器人公司建立云机器人框架,机器人可以进行语音识别
及合成、脸部检测、视频采集和其他远程任务
 新加坡ASORO实验室已经构建能生成3D场景的云计算框架,机器人可
完成快速SLAM
 Google利用小型移动设备作为机器人的联网大脑,扩展机器人本省能力
 清华大学、合肥工业大学、北京科技大学已开展云机器人研究
云计算与机器人产业
 关注得到怎样的服务,不关注该服务怎样完成
 机器人云:封装服务器端、机器人集群、机器人的服务
 基础:先进智能机器
 关键:先进智能机器的情感
云计算与机器人产业
人的参与是机器
人云框架中的一
个重要环节
云计算与机器人产业
 德岛大学任福继教授提出“心状态转移网络”,以此来人
之人类的情感,并创生机器情感
 “人类情感认知与机器情感创生”理论为先进智能机器人,
包括护理机器人、会话机器人奠定了基础,并可能以此为基础
构建机器人云框架
云计算与机器人产业
 智能机器人研发没有统一标准,机器人很难共享知识
 在机器人云框架内部,所有机器人与服务器、机器人与机
器人之间的知识共享与交换需要有标准
 在机器人云框架外部,机器人要加入云框架也需要满足一
定的软硬件标准
 机器人要得到人的信任,需要经过公认的标准和机制对机
器人软件和硬件进行认证
云计算与机器人产业
基于机器人云,
提出机器人学校
概念
结束
谢谢!
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