DOT presentation 2012 - Maine Maritime Academy

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Marine Engine Testing and

Maine

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Maritime

Academy

Maine Maritime Academy

- Founded 1944 to provide Merchant Marines for WWII

- 950 Students currently - Increasingly competitive admissions

- Primarily a Transportation School (over 70% go into Transportation careers)

- Known as a “Hands-on” School with hard working graduates, highly sought after in industry.

- Alumni Worldwide

Many at high level in Marine Transportation Companies

MMA maintains a strong Alumni network and infrastructure.

(Contact with the industry is at our fingertips.)

-Unique Training Facilities, Waterfront , Machine Shops, Training

Vessels, Simulators, Boat Bays, Engine Labs etc.

This is a BIG industry with a Small number of people. Our graduates are well connected

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

MMA Facilities

Boat Bay

Diesel EngineLabs

Travellift

Training

Ship TSSOM

Maine

Maritime

Academy

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Maine

Maritime

Academy

Maine Maritime Academy

History of Education and Workforce Development

- Transportation Majors:

Marine Engineering (USCG License Officer Track-Unlimited)

Marine Transportation (USCG Track, 100 Ton to Unlimited)

International Business and Logistics (Incl. Graduate level)

- Over 70 % of our graduates go into Transportation Careers

- Over 90% placement of graduates in their field of study

- Career paths: USCG Licensed Engineering Officer

USCG Licensed Mate to Master

Shipyard and Vessel Construction

Logistics Management

- Sample Companies: Shipping (Mearsk, Military Sea Lift)

Shipyards (Bath Iron Works, NASSCO) Government and

Classification (Navy, ABS) Logistics: Target, Walmart

Marine Engine Testing and

Maine

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Maritime

Academy

MMA Research Efforts: Started in Earnest 2004

Ocean Energy (2006-Present):

Tidal Energy Demonstration and

Evaluation Center (TEDEC)

METEL(2009- Present)

Wave Energy

Offshore Wind (DeepCWind

UMaine lead)

Diesel/Glycerin

Emulsion Fuel

Thermoelectric

Exhaust Generator

UMaine Forest Bioproducts Research Institute http://www.forestbioproducts.umaine.edu/

FBRI Technology

Research Center

Chemistry

FBRI

Chem. Bio. Eng.

Advanced

Composites

Biology

Forestry

Margaret Chase

Smith Policy Center

FBRI Technology Research

Center (TRC)

40,000 ft

2 of floor-scale process space

Batch and continuous chemical reactors

Fermenters

Continuous liquid-liquid extractors

Fractional distillation

Vacuum evaporators

Pelletizer

Spray dryer

Rotary digester

Analytical Laboratory

Machining and fabrication shop

UMaine FBRI Thermal

Conversion Team

Forest to Fuel

Biomass pretreatment and pyrolysis

Technical economics

Highly integrated team

Balanced between applied and fundamental

Thermochemical conversion of woody biomass

HDO catalytic upgrading

Product and

Process

Characterization

7

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Background of METEL

Diesel/Glycerin Emulsion Development

Maine

Maritime

Academy

MTI Seed grant (2010) to MMA for $2500 to develop lab-scale stable diesel glycerin fuel emulsions.

NSF SBIR Phase 1 and 1b Grant (2011) for $180000 to SCG/MMA to demonstrate proof of concept emissions reductions on engine bench using EHF fuel.

Canada Steam Lines cash contribution (2011) for $37515 to SCG to fund independent engine testing at Oak Ridge National Laboratory

MTI seed grant(2012) for $12500 to MMA to develop single cylinder lab test bench.

MTI Grants to SCG/MMA for $43000 to develop emulsion fuel production processing and improved engine stand testing. (2013)

MTI Development Award Loan(2013) for $230,000 to SCG to conduct independent fuel certification testing at MMA (Ongoing)

Thermoelectric Generator Project (TEG)

- ABS Seed Funding 2010 $35000 to test TEG Devices from Hi-z

- Maine Space Grant Award 2013

Marine Engine Testing and

Maine

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Maritime

Academy

MARPOL Emissions Regulations and

Industry Impact

Emission Control Areas -ECAs

MARPOL Nox Limits for ECA Waters

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Mission of DOT UTC METEL

Maine

Maritime

Academy

1) Research and development of practical solutions for emissions reductions and efficiency for marine diesel engines.

2) Advance transportation expertise and technology in the many disciplines that comprise transportation through research, education and workforce development, and technology transfer for the maritime and related transportation industries.

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

DOT UTC Projects

Maine

Maritime

Academy

Project 1:

Field Testing of Diesel/Glycerin Emulsion fuels as a low cost, low emissions, drop-in fuel for marine diesels. This fuel is being developed and commercialized by the startup SeaChange Group LLC(SCG). Development of a Bridge Continuous Emissions Monitoring System (CEMS)

Project 2:

At Sea testing of a hydrogen injection system on MMA Workboat for emissions reduction. This system is being developed by Global Marine

Consulting (GMC).

Project 3:

Development and engine testing of Forest Biomass fuel derivatives being developed at UMaine’s Chemical Engineering Department and Forest

Bioproducts Research Institute.

Project 4:

Development a thermoelectric exhaust generator (TEG) heat recovery system for marine diesels engine using current advances in thermoelectric materials , Collaborating with Startup Thermoelectric Power

Systems (TPS)

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Key Personnel

Maine

Maritime

Academy

Dr. Richard Kimball

is METEL’s Technical Director

Dr. Darrell Donahue

is METEL’s Administrative Director and MMA Director of Research

Dr. Clayton Wheeler

FBRI /UMaine’s P.I. on the TDO project

Dr. William DeSisto

FBRI/UMaine co-PI on the FAsP Project

Dr. Paul Wlodkowski

Co-P.I. for the TEG project and the STEM coordinator.

Prof. Laurie Flood

, Environmental Education Coordinator

Dr. George Harakas

Chemistry and Webmaster

Scott Eaton

Chief Technology Officer at SeaChange Group. Co-PI :Diesel/Glycerin fuel project

.

Prof. Mark Libby,

Advisor to the diesel engine testing projects

Marine Engine Testing and

Maine

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Maritime

Academy

METEL Organizational structure (Proposed)

Dana Willis MMA

Waterfront

Dr. Kimball

METEL Technical Director

Dr. Donahue Research Director

METEL Admin Director

Industrial

Advisory Board

Admin Assistant

Prof. Flood

Environmental

Ed. Coord.

Dr. Wlodkowski

STEM Coord./

TEG Project co-

PI

Travis Wallace

UM Grad

Student/ TPS

R .Kimball MMA

S. Eaton SCG

Co-PI’s Fuel

/Glycerin Project

2-Research

Engineers

Grad Student UM

Undergrad

Students

Dr. Harakas

Chemistry

&

Web

Develop.

Undergrad Students MMA

Dr Wheeler -UM

Dr. DeSisto –UM

Co-PI’s TDO &

FAsP Projects

Researcher(s)

Grad Student

Marine Engine Testing and

Maine

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Maritime

Management /Selection of Projects

Academy

Industry

Shippers

Developers

Military

Internal

METEL

Academic

Collaborators

Professional

Societies/Orgs

TRB,SNAME,ABS

Project

Ideas

METEL Down select Criteria:

Impact on mission

Chance of success

TRL

METEL

Advisory

Board

Final Project Selection

(METEL W/ Advisory

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Maine

Maritime

Academy

Performance Metrics/Technology Transfer

1) Commercial success of the project and it’s technologies measured by:

•Technology Readiness Level (TRL) progression (How many levels has the work advanced the technology)

•Successful assistance and incubation of startups

•Patents and Intellectual property secured as a result of the research

2) Assessment of research impact on industry by outside industry experts

3) Assessment of publications in conferences and peer reviewed journals

4) Assessment of the effects of the efforts on enhancing the training of students in transportation majors

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Maine

Maritime

Academy

Education /STEM/Workforce Development (Year 1)

-

-

-

-

-

- Bridge Emissions monitoring integrated with Vessel operations training

Engineering Capstone Projects on Diesel/Glycerin and TEG project (Underway)

Development of a laboratory component to the Environmental

Compliance course

SNAME Seminar of METEL activities

Integration of METEL activities into our current High school

STEM Program

Showcase of METEL activities at the Maine Engineers Week, A high school STEM event of high effectiveness in the state.

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Maine

Maritime

Academy

Collaboration Efforts

METEL will continue to foster a diverse program of collaboration as evidenced by it’s ongoing collaborative partners:

Industry :

SCG, GMC, TPS, Caterpillar, Cummins,

Canada Steam Lines, Bath Iron Works, NASSCO, etc.

Government:

OakRidge Nat’l, USCG, Navy, MARAD

Academic:

UMaine, MIT, Webb Institute, Dartmouth

Societies/Standards Orgs:

, ABS, SNAME, ASME

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Project Details

Maine

Maritime

Academy

Project 1: Testing of

Diesel/Glycerin Emulsion fuel and Development of a

Bridge Continuous

Emissions Montioring

System (CEMS)

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Emulsion Fuel

Maine

Maritime

Academy

Constraints

Diesel + Drop-in “Diesel”

Glycerin+

Lowers NOx, SOx, PM

Additives +

Lower overall cost

Eco-Hybrid Diesel

Cost and Properties Glycerin

Why Glycerin?

-Large Domestic Supply

-Biofuel waste product

(zero net carbon, low cost)

-Fuel oxygen aids combustion

-Emulsification increases fuel lubricity favorable for engine life

-Is compatible with low carbon steels

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Diesel/Glycerin Blend reduces emissions

Tests at Oak ridge Nat’l Lab

Maine

Maritime

Academy

Tests at MMA

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Significant issues to be addressed during the

Diesel/Glycerin fuel test effort

-

Emissions reductions

- Other emissions (Acrolien etc)

- Lubricity effect

- Fuel handling issues,

- Cold and warm weather performance

- Stationary diesel testing

- At Sea testing on MMA work Vessels

Maine

Maritime

Academy

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Maine

Maritime

Academy

Development of an on-board Bridge Continuous emissions monitoring system (CEMS) on board MMA

Work Vessel

.

- Measures critical emissions (Nox, PM,

CO , HC, Co2 etc)

- Presented to Vessel operator in a realtime display with range feedback and operator feedback

- Wireless satellite to monitor data over the web in real time

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Potential impacts of this effort:

Maine

Maritime

Academy

- Research: Validation of this fuel as a practical drop-in, low cost emission reduction fuel capable of being used aboard commercial marine vessels

- Technology transfer: Direct publications, industry forums, networking the results with MMA alumni, Commercial development

(SCG) , Patents

- Workforce development: Exposure of students to new solutions to emissions reductions on vessels. Training of the workforce in the use/handling of these fuels. Bridge CEMS training and exposure.

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Year 1 Tasks/Deliverables

Maine

Maritime

Academy

Task 1:(Year 1)

Instrument the

MMA Work Vessel

with Bridge CEMS web-based data acquisition to monitor engine emissions and performance

Task 2:

(Year 1) Develop Pilot Production Diesel/Glycerin fuel Blending capability (SCG) and provide fuel for engine testing

Task 3:

(Year 1) Develop stationary Cummins V8 diesel test platform for concurrent technology analyses with vessel operations. Run Blended fuel performance tests and evaluate results prior to Vessel testing

Deliverables

Year 1

Interim report

on Results of Task 1,2,3 and also periodic updates to RITA and DOT as required.

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Project 1: Timeline

Jan

Q1 -2014

Feb March April

Phase I/Year 1

Q2 - 2014

May June July

SCG - Engineering and Materials Processing

Install Capacity Devices

Troubleshoot Fuel Production

Confirm Emulsion Properties

Engineer Engine Monitoring Systems

Fuel Production

Combustion/Emissions Analysis

MMA - Detroit Diesel Test Stand Installation

Stationary Engine Installation

Engine Shakedown and Certification

Combustion and Emissions Screening

Engine Durability Assessments

Lubo Oil Analysis

RBC - Automation and Controls Engineering

Engineering of Engine Controls

Install Monitoring and Control Devices

Validate Engine Control Performance

Maine

Maritime

Academy

Q3 - 2014

Aug Sept Oct

Q4 - 2014

Nov

Jan

Q1 -2014

Feb March April

Phase II/Year 2

Q2 - 2014

May June July

Q3 - 2014

Aug Sept Oct

Q4 - 2014

Nov

SCG - Engineering and Materials Processing

Fuel Production

Combustion/Emissions Analysis

MMA - Waterfront Facility Testing

Engine Instrumentation

Engine Shakedown and Certification

Combustion and Emissions Screening

Engine Durability Assessments

Lubo Oil Analysis

Dec

Dec

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Maine

Maritime

Academy

Project 2: Testing of a Commercial

Hydrogen Injection System

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Maine

Maritime

Academy

The Global Marine Consulting Hydrogen Injection System

Generates Hydrogen which is injected in the air intake of the

Diesel Engine to reduce NOx and PM

Integrate with Continuous Emissions Monitoring system (CEMS) to controls hydrogen injection rate to minimize emissions

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Maine

Maritime

Academy

Project Tasks Year 1

Install and evaluate system on a stationary Cummins

V8 Diesel(Quarter 1 &2)

Install on MMA Work Vessel and evaluate system at sea (Quarters 3 &4)

Report on system performance and evaluation of technology.

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Maine

Maritime

Academy

Project 3:

Development and Engine Testing of

Forest Biomass Fuel Derivatives

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

30

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Project 3 Objectives

•Produce liter quantities of FAsP oils and test physicochemical properties

•Evaluate continuous processes for TDO

•Produce gallon quantities of hydrotreated/fractionated/blended

TDO and FAsP oils for engine tests

•Investigate novel approaches for pyrolysis

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Diesel fraction of hydrotreated TDO meets all HDCD-76 certification specs.

Kerosene fraction JP-8 comparison

Met flash point, freezing point, acid number, corrosion, sulfur, viscosity, smoke point, aromatics, and naphthalene

Specifications related to hydrogen content were close:

Heat of combustion 42.6 MJ/kg (42.8 spec)

Hydrogen content 12.88% (13.4 spec)

Density 0.875 kg/L (max 0.84 spec)

Sample currently being tested at AFRL

 Will likely meet HDCJ certification specs that are currently being developed

FAsP of pine and lignin conducted at bench scale and hydrotreating to remove oxygen has been demonstrated

Maine

Maritime

Academy

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Maine

Maritime

Academy

Project 3: TDO/FAsP Year 1 Tasks

Task 1:

(Quarters 1-3) Build and shake down bench-scale, high-pressure pyrolysis system

Task 2:

(Quarter 1) Determine feasibility of floor-scale semibatch FAsP oil production

Task 3:

(Quarter 3, 4) TDO and FAsP chemistry optimization at the bench scale

Task 4:

(Quarters 3, 4) Produce, hydrotreat, fractionate, and blend gallon quantities of bio-oils for engine testing

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Maine

Maritime

Academy

Project 4: Development of

Thermoelectric Exhaust Generator

(TEG) Heat Recovery Systems for

Marine Diesels

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Project Objectives

•Provide data on the systems-wide effects of the use of TEGs on plant efficiency and performance (in a marine environment).

•Identification of optimal marine platforms to utilize TEG energy recovery systems

•Identification of optimal thermoelectric materials and TEG designs for classes of marine platforms

•Provide the U.S. DOT with an objective and systems level evaluation of TEGs in marine applications

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Accomplishments to date:

Maine

Maritime

Academy

- Vessel tests of original Hi-Z TEG unit on board the MMA Vessel (2010-11)

4000

3000

-

Development of a TEG optimization code for the design of exhaust TEG’s (TPS)2011-2012

2000

1000

- Development of a modular TEG Cell for code validation and prototype development

2012-13

-

Tests of the modular TEG cell on board the TEG MMA TEG test vessel (2013).

0

10

Power

Voltage

Theoretical Outputs of Optimized TEG Prototype

Percent Engine Load

300

250

200

100

400

350

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Project 4: TEG Project Year 1 Tasks

Maine

Maritime

Academy

Task 1:

(Quarter 1) System level study of Diesel engine exhaust systems and backpressure for inclusion into the

TEG design model and simulation of the modular TEG system.

Task 2:

(Quarter 1,2) Construction of a simulated exhaust bench using heated air.

Task 3:

(Quarter 2,3) Construction of the modular TEG system

Task 4:

(Quarter 4) Bench level testing of the Modular TEG system and validation of the design models.

Marine Engine Testing and

Emissions Laboratory (METEL)

Maine

Maritime

Academy

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