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Post Enumeration Survey of
DISE 2011
( 5% sample check)
Dr. T. Vijaya Kumar
Senior Faculty
Centre for Equity and Social Development
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Rajendranagar - Hyderabad
Introduction
•
Free and compulsory education to all children up to
the age of fourteen years is our constitutional
commitment.
• The Government of India has initiated a number of
programmes to achieve the goal of Universalization
of Elementary Education (UEE).
• The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is a historic stride
towards achieving the long cherished goal of
Universalisation of Elementary Education (UEE)
through a time bound integrated approach aims to
provide useful and quality elementary education to
all children in the 6-14 age groups.
Contd..
• In the context of implementation of Sarva Siksha
Abhiyan
(SSA),
a
massive
programme
undertaken in the realm of education sector, what
assumes
greater
significance
is
proper
implementation of the programme itself to derive
appropriate
results?
Become
aware
of
information, or from observation.
• For effective implementation of such large-scale
programme, collecting information, analyzing the
results, identifying the corrective course, deriving
instructions based on the actual situation is very
much essential.
• As per the desire of the MHRD, GoI the 5%
sample check of the DISE data by an external
research agency has been asked by the State
Project Director, SSA, The National Institute of
Rural Development has taken up the study in 3
Districts of Andhra Pradesh namely
Kadapa, Nellore and Warangal.
Objectives
The main objectives of the study are:
• Evaluate the quality check of the DISE data
• Measure the precision levels as well as
deviation of DISE data
• Suggest measures for strengthening data
base on information pertaining to SSA in
Andhra Pradesho practice under supervision.
Sample
DISTRIBUTION OF SAMPLE BY SCHOOL CATEGORY AND
DISTRICT
District
Sl. No.
School Category
1
Primary
Primary with
Upper Primary
Primary with
Secondary or
Higher Secondary
Upper Primary
with Secondary or
Higher Secondary
Total
2
3
4
%
Total
Kadapa
Nellore
Warangal
96
70
118
284
20
49
18
87
2
0
2
4
32
150
31.3
41
160
33.3
32
170
35.4
105
480
100.0
Reference period
• The DISE data pertains to the year 2011 with
30th September as reference date. The post
enumeration survey was also of the same period.
Though the MoU was signed in the month of
December 2011, the study was launched in
January 2012, because of certain administrative
reasons.
Data Analysis:
The overall deviation of data has been calculated as
per following formula.
(d1+d2+d3+d4+d5……….dx)
a+b+c+d+……………+x
x 100
Where d1, d2.d3… stands for deviation of items of
DISE data from Post Enumeration Survey data ignoring
+ or - signs and a, b, c, denote items of Post
Enumeration Survey data.
Limitations of the Study:
• The study has drawn carefully keeping in view of
all the parameters and confronted the following
limitations.
• Difference in Formats
survey and DISE Data.
for
post
enumeration
• Coverage of all types of school Managements
• Unfilled columns in prescribed formats of DISE
data.
 Sanctioned Teachers;
 In Position Teachers;
Variable established for
the Study
 Status of School Building;
 Location of Schools;
 Condition of Class Rooms;
 Type of Schools
 Electricity in Schools;
 Category of Schools;
 Common Toilets in Schools;
 Lowest Class in Schools;
 Separate Toilets for Girls in Schools;
 Highest Class in Schools;
 Management of Schools;
 Residential status of Schools;
 Part of Shift Schools;
 Sanctioned Teachers;
 In Position Teachers;
 Status of School Building;
 Condition of Class Rooms;
 Condition of Boundary Walls in Schools;
 Source of Drinking Water in Schools;
 Availability of Play Ground in Schools;
 Availability of Computers in Schools;
 Availability of Furniture in School; and
 Children’s Enrolment in 2011-12.
PERCENTAGE DEVIATION AND PRECISION LEVEL OF DISE DATA WITH THE
PES DATA FOR ALL COMPARABLE ITMES
Sl.
No.
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
Description of Comparable items
2
Location of Schools
Type of Schools
Category of Schools
Lowest Class in Schools
Highest Class in Schools
Management of Schools
Residential Status of Schools
Part of Shift School
Sanctioned Teachers
In-Position Teachers
Status of School Building
Condition of Class Rooms
Electricity in Schools
Common Toilet in Schools
Separate Toilet for girls in Schools
Condition of Boundary Wall in Schools
Source of Drinking Water in Schools
Availability of Play Ground in Schools
Availability of Computers
Availability of Furniture in Schools
Children Enrollment - 2011-12
Total
Quantitative Value under
Percentage
Deviation
ignoring + Deviati Precisi
DISE
PES
on
on
within Subitems
3
4
5
6
7
480
480
18
3.75
96.25
480
480
40
8.33
91.67
480
480
0
0.00 100.00
480
480
16
3.33
96.67
480
480
10
2.08
97.92
480
480
34
7.08
92.92
480
480
8
1.67
98.33
480
480
6
1.25
98.75
54
3.51
96.49
1516
1540
56
2.57
97.43
2175
2179
480
480
36
7.50
92.50
2178
2276
56
2.46
97.54
480
480
14
2.92
97.08
480
480
22
4.58
95.42
480
480
20
4.17
95.83
480
480
64
13.33 86.67
480
480
40
8.33
91.67
480
480
26
5.42
94.58
845
853
30
3.52
96.48
480
480
24
5.00
95.00
8.04
91.96
67561
68285
5488
81955
82813
6062
7.32
92.68
Conclusions
• The overall deviation of DISE data from PES data,
in respect of all comparable of items, is 7.32%,
which is within the range of permissible
percentage of deviation i.e. 10%, and there by
giving a precision level of 92.68% for DISE data
in relation to PES data
• Within the available comparable data, few schools
did not provide the information on some of the
items.
• The highest deviation of data is observed in
respect of items which are based on respondent’s
interpretation i.e. In Type of schools, status of
school buildings, condition of boundary wall,
management of schools, drinking water facility
and children enrollment.
Contd..
• The items like type of management, number of
blocks in schools, teacher posts sanctioned,
teachers in position, disability, repitation rate,
availability of computers have not been reported
properly. Hence, it was felt difficult to establish
deviation on such an important variables.
• As much as seven per cent of schools among 8%
schools were not open at the time of survey
causing lot of inconvenience while collecting data
for these schools investigators visited second
time.
• It is found that among the sample schools 90%
percentage of teachers come on time to school
where as in 10% schools teachers are not
attending the school in time.
Contd.
As much as 19% of Head Masters concerned
could not able to provide requisite information
pertaining to his/her school though records are
available.
• In 14% of the Tribal schools, it was observed that
Teachers were not on time to school for various
reasons.
• 25.5% of the schools even do not have
photocopy of DISE format though requisite
instructions were in vogue.
• In as much as 38.3% of schools Display Boards
were not available. Even in case of the schools
where the display boards are available the
information was not written on the boards.
•
Contd.
• Still considerable number of schools was not
having exclusive toilets for girl children. Even in
case of schools the toilets are available running
water facility is not available.
• Enrolment of girls (86.30%) is quite encouraging
especially among the SC, ST and OBC
communities.
Suggestions
The
field
experience
reveals
that
the
headmasters/teachers feel that it is an additional
burden to them and some times found it difficult in
providing of the required data.
• Therefore, the headmasters/teachers need to be
given an understanding that supplying of
educational data of the school is mandatory and
it is a part of their job. Therefore, they are to be
serious and sincere in providing the data.
• The formats canvassed for Post Enumeration
Survey (DCF) and the District Information
System of Education (DISE) were quite different
in terms of certain variables/aspects. This has
been resulting difficulty in establishing similarities
or confirmation of data through Five Percent
Check.
Contd..
• The School complex Head Masters, Mandal
Educational Officers, Officers of District project
SSA and DIET faculty should be given training on
collection and utilization of DISE data and its all
related soft ware applications for proper planning
and implementation of Educational activities.
• The investigators faced the problem in getting
the data about previous academic year as the
records are not maintained properly, therefore,
the headmasters need to be advised to maintain
a single register which contains year wise data of
the school and the required data of any year
becomes easy to be supplied.
• All the teachers must be given proper orientation
and awareness regarding the importance of DISE
data and its utility.
• Effective supervision and monitoring should be
ensured at all levels for quality data cross
checking of filled in DISE format may be
undertaken to improve the quality of information.
• MIS Units should be strengthened by
appointing properly trained professionals.
Thank you
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