Framework for Greening the Agri-food Supply Chain

Framework for K-Farm
Green Value Chain Production of Carambola
Part 1
Developing the Framework
Sustainable Agriculture
• Sustainable agriculture is a global agenda
– Environmental health
– Economic profitability
– Social and economic equity
“meeting the needs of the present without compromising the
ability of future generations to meet their own needs”
• Stewardship of natural and human resources
– involves maintaining and supporting this vital resource base for the
long term.
– consideration of stakeholders of the industry, laborers, rural
communities, consumer health and safety, both in the present and
Need for sustainable agriculture
• Constraints on natural resources – real constraints
• High production costs – higher risks, competition for resources
• Consumers awareness
– Better informed
– Better educated
– Greater purchasing power
• Supermarkets – competition among peers for customers
• Importing countries – global concern, Trade barriers
• Food quality – food safety, food nutrition
Benefits of greening the agri-food value chain
Enhance food safety – thro’ improving coordination with suppliers
Improve environmental conservation – thro’ demands on suppliers
Reduce risk and liabilities in production – less recalls of products
Lower costs – thro’ better integration with suppliers, better design, 3Rs’
Improve productivity – introduce efficient operations management,
Create innovative opportunities for practitioners
Create market access – demands by importers, supermarkets
Create corporate image
Create competitive advantage – costs, market, credibility, price
Guiding principles of green agri-food value chain
• Food safety and hygiene
– Clean, safe to eat, no contamination
• Food quality
– Fiber and nutrition content
• Environmentally sustainable agriculture
– Sustainable use of natural resources
– Protection of ecosystem
• Economically sustainable agriculture
– Fair trading
– Fair price
Approaches to green agri-food value chain
• Create open market
– Information access, open communication
– Create competition field - free restriction on retail
– Remove price control, export subsidy, import duty
• Transfer of knowledge and technology
– Research priority, practical technology
• Good guidance
– Commitment, transparent, 3rd party audit
• Build capacity
– Skilled managers and extension officers
• Install basic infrastructure (EE)
– Transportation system
– Communication system
– Production technology
Implementing green agri-food value chain
Promoting awareness – involve the private sector, school children
Develop marketing and market access
Create green network for stakeholders – forums, champions
Incorporate guidelines, standards & codes of practice
– Voluntary participation
– Develop national standards – benchmark, certification
– Other standards – pesticides control, energy, waste disposal
• Introduce measures to improve productivity
• Introduce traceability system
• Build credibility and consumer confidence
Elements of a green agri-food value chain framework
Rationale of green
agri-food value chain
Concepts of green
agri-food value chain
Deterioration of ecosystem from population pressure
Loss of bio-diversity from expansion and intensive cultivation
Need to review natural resource management strategies for food
Need to review wastewater and toxic waste management from food
Need to address consumers demands for safe, clean and sustainable
agri-food production
Guiding principles of green agri-food value chain
– Food quality, safety and hygiene
– Food security
– Environmentally sustainable agriculture
– Economically sustainable agriculture
Green agri-food value chain allows the simultaneous improvement in
agri-food production and environment protection by analyzing critical
points of agri-food production, from growing to consumption, lowering
risks and liabilities on the environment and increasing productivity at
each stage of the process.
Consumer awareness is the biggest driver to the green agri-food value
chain process
The competition of supermarkets forces them to insist on growers and
suppliers compliance to evolving standards of food safety,
environmental sustainability and affordable price
Approaches to green
agri-food value chain
Implementing policies in
green agri-food
value chain
Monitoring / evaluating
goals and targets
The business relationships between upstream stakeholders are
vital to promote green agri-food production with mutual benefits
Establish open market trading system, effective TOT, develop clear
guidelines to production standards and capacity building
Establish positive enabling environment: land allocation,
infrastructure, R&D capability
Review agriculture policy
Establish social / political support to green agri-food production
Develop awareness campaigns of green agri-food production
Create green network among all stakeholders of the chain
Introduce and incorporate green guidelines (Codes of Practice) in
agri-food chain
Regular review and up-date of standards
Benchmark to national standards
Advance from voluntary compliance to certification
Achieve the goals and targets of signatory and international
Green agri-food value chain in practice:
Case for K-Farm GAP QMS
K-Farm GAP QMS implements the efficient
and profitable production of high quality
fruit that is healthy and safe for consumption,
in systems that are practical and
environmentally sustainable.
Guiding principles of K-Farm GAP QMS
• Food safety and hygiene – allergy, sickness and death
• Food quality – nutrition and fiber content
• Environmentally sustainable agriculture
– IPM, ICM, Conservation agriculture
– Sustainable uses of resources
• Economically sustainable agriculture
– Farming systems (inputs, productivity, profitability)
– Production efficiency (management, marketing)
• Social sustainability
– Workers welfare
K-Farm GAP Model - approach
Voluntary participation
Self regulation
Acquire specific knowledge and technology
Networking with industry stakeholders
Provide intimate extension service
Less inputs and lower costs
Market orientation
Introducing risk and decision making
Study collections