REDD+ and REDD Readiness

REDD+ and REDD Readiness
A. N. Gichu
Kenya Forest Service
 International framework
 REDD Building Blocks
 Readiness activities
 Key steps
 Readiness preparation proposal
REDD an acronym for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest
A proposed CC mitigation process in the forest sector
A policy framework with the goal of creating an economic value for the
carbon in standing forests
An incentive system that motivates multiple actors across scales to address
the drivers of deforestation and to undertake restoration and
Both incentive based process and performance based.
Participatory and country driven.
International Framework
Derives mandate from COP 13, Bali, Indonesia
REDD must be part of a post-2012 agreement
Members affirmed the urgent need to take meaningful action to reduce
emissions from DD,
agreed to support capacity-building,
technical assistance and transfer of technology and explore a range of
identify options and undertake demonstration activities;
and mobilize resources to support the efforts.
FCPF formed to build the capacity of developing countries to tap
into any future system of positive incentives for REDD
(Readiness Activities).
Building Blocks for REDD
carbon accounting; While many efforts to reduce deforestation may result
in a net benefit to the atmosphere in the form of reduced greenhouse
gases, a REDD strategy must explicitly quantify that benefit using
recognized methodologies in order to receive compensation or
acknowledgement of that benefit.
Baseline; A baseline is the level of carbon emissions that would have
occurred in the absence of the financial mechanism and field interventions.
The simplest method for calculating a baseline is using an average of
historic annual emissions over the past 5, 10, or 15 years (known as a
'reference period'),
emissions reductions strategies, Conservation or increased
sequestration strategies. Strategies must credibly and verifiably reduce
emissions, additional to actions that would have occurred in the absence of
REDD financing, and they must provide for permanent forest protection.
monitoring and verification Emissions reductions made through a REDD
project or program should be verified by an independent third party
verifier. This includes an assessment of the project's additionality, baseline,
monitoring plan, and environmental and social impacts. Through the
verification process, emissions reductions achieved by a project will be
certified, at which point they can be sold, traded, or retired.
sale of emissions reduction credits: once the emissions reductions from a
project have been verified and certified, they can be offered for sale
either through a carbon market, to a private buyer, or in exchange for
donations made from a public fund.
Readiness Activities
Readiness activities include
national strategy for implementation with strategy
options and the institutional and legal implementation
 Development of a historical reference emissions
scenario for greenhouse gases (GHG) from
deforestation and/or forest degradation; and
 A monitoring system to measure, report and verify
(MRV) the effect of the REDD strategy on GHG
emissions, livelihoods and biodiversity
Key Steps
Development of a REDD Plan Idea Note R-PIN. Provide an
overview of land use patterns, causes of DD, stakeholder
consultation process, and potential institutional arrangements in
addressing REDD. Used as a basis for the selection of countries
into the FCPF
Participation Agreement and a Grant Agreement with PC of the
FCPF signed to support development of the Readiness activities.
Formulation of the REDD Preparation Proposal that will inform
the framework for developing the Readiness activities.
REDD Preparation Proposal implementation that will see the
formulation of a Readiness Package
Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP)
Summarizes the activities that would need to be undertaken to make
the country ‘Ready' to participate in REDD. R-PP would propose
work to be undertaken and funded to prepare the following core
components of ‘REDD Readiness’,
 An assessment of the situation with respect to DD;
 REDD strategy options that addresses the drivers/ causes of
deforestation and degradation identified in the assessment and
the REDD institutional and legal implementation framework
necessary to realize these options;
 A reference scenario for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from
deforestation and/or forest degradation; and
 A monitoring system to measure, report and verify (MRV) the
effect of the REDD strategy on GHG emissions, livelihoods and
Key Issues for Consideration
Policy and Institutional Issues
 Development of national REDD Strategy, including
identification of drivers of deforestation and degradation;
 Institutional dimensions of REDD: national, regional and
local-level institutions; legal framework; governance
dimensions, benefit-sharing mechanisms, land tenure, etc.
Methodology - Reference Scenario, Monitoring, Reporting,
Verification system, Biomass estimation
Consultation and Participation - National dialogue, including
participation of civil society and the private sector
,elaboration of a national consultation, participation and
outreach plan; identification of participatory mechanisms.
Asante Sana