Meaning of communication
Communication Process
Models of Communication
• To teach is to communicate. Teacher’s work
involves sending and receiving messages and
ensure that there is understanding of his
message sent to the students. Therefore without
effective communication there is no effective
teaching and no learning can occur (Moore, K.
D: 1998).
• Communication forms the link between the
teacher and students along which information,
concepts, opinions and attitudes flow. This
requires active participation on the part of the
• Poor communication leads to mistakes,
misunderstandings and time wasting and
have a drastic effect on individual
relationships resulting to feelings of
dissatisfaction and poor cooperation.
• ‘Information not merely transmitted and
received, it is interpreted’
• Communication is ‘the art of successfully
conveying one’ meaning to others by
means of an interchange of experience’
• ‘All procedures by which one mind can
affect another’ (1966:15)
Communication Process
Basic Linear model Steps
• Sending: initiating a message and
expressing some meaning
• Encoding: deciding, choosing words and
gestures to communicate and interpret the
intended message basing on conventions
so that the receiver can understand
• Transmission: transferring the spoken or
written message from sender to receiver
• Receiving: the incoming message
reaching the receiver and the receiver
whom the message is directed attends to it
• Decoding: constructing and interpreting
meanings of the message according to
• Influencing: the effect of the message.
The receiver will act or responds verbally
• Speaker’s reason to communicate or exchange
information, has certain feelings and attitude to
communicate, the message is good, has a good
intention, people will like to hear it and the truth of the
• Particular order and sequence of the idea or message so
as to influence the receiver/audience
• Choose words and language that will be understood and
people be affected
• Present it to people in a good manner
In short emphasizes, need to communicate, appropriate
message, appropriate and effective media and good
• Instructing involves two way
• One way communication
• Teacher talks, students don’t ask
questions, don’t comment, don’t seek for
clarification, don’t clear their ambiguities.
• Students interprets instructions. If they
don’t tell the teacher to slow down the
latter won’t check understanding
• Two ways communication:
• Students can question and the teacher
clarifies resolves ambiguities.
• Both teacher and students give and
receive feedback. The teacher can know
about the students’ understanding and
completion of the task and checks
students’ work.
• Geoff Petty (2004:38); communication that
• What I mean
What I say
What they
what they understand
Communication Process models