Plagiarism Objective 5--Students will be able to identify plagiarized information and understand that plagiarism is dishonest. What is Plagiarism? Copying Stealing Cheating You must do your own work AND you must give credit when you use the work of others. Types of Plagiarism Direct plagiarism: copying something word for word Self-plagiarism: re-using a paper that you wrote for another class Types of Plagiarism Accidental or unintentional plagiarism: not citing your sources properly Collusion: claiming credit for work someone else did for you What happens if you plagiarize? You are GUILTY of academic dishonesty. Consequences for plagiarizing may include: – Losing all points on an assignment – Failing the class – Expulsion from school Your punishment will depend on the severity of the offense and your school’s policy. So why do people plagiarize? • They don't know what they're doing is wrong. • They're tired. • They're behind. • They're stressed out. To avoid plagiarism: • Keep track of your research. • Use quotations, summaries or paraphrases. • Don't copy and paste! • Don’t procrastinate. Do I have to give credit for everything I write? • No. You do not have to give credit for information that is considered common knowledge, for example: – George Bush is a Republican from Texas. – Salt Lake City is the capital of Utah. – The Nile is a river in Egypt. • But, if you use someone's idea or their interpretation of an idea or event, then you must give credit. Plagiarism Example #1 • Original text: “Minor league baseball historically is as American as drive-in movies and Fourth of July parades. It is still small-town U.S.A., in feel if not in fact” (Rielly 206). • Plagiarized version: Baseball’s minor leagues are historically as American as drive-in movies and Fourth of July parades seen in small-town USA. • Avoiding plagiarism by summarizing or paraphrasing means more than switching/adding/deleting a few words. Source: Rielly, Edward J. Baseball: An Encyclopedia of Popular Culture. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2000. Print. Plagiarism Example #2 • Original text: “Cloning may soon enable us to realize the dream of xenotransplantation, by making possible the production of herds of genetically modified pigs that could provide hearts, livers, and kidneys to human patients who would otherwise die waiting for human organ transplants” (Klotzko, 130). • Plagiarized version: Soon scientists will be able to use cloning techniques to create herds of genetically modified pigs in order to give hearts, livers, and kidneys to human patients waiting on the transplant list. Source: Klotzko, Arlene Judith, ed. The Cloning Sourcebook. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. Print. • For further information on how to avoid plagiarizing, please see the lesson on Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing. Summing Up • Plagiarism means copying, stealing, or cheating. • If you plagiarize you are being academically dishonest and can be punished. • To avoid plagiarizing, take notes on what you found and where you found it. You will need these notes later to cite the information correctly.