Research Questions

REH 6306
Edwin D. Bell
Understand why research questions are so
important to your action research.
Demonstrate the ability to formulate and
focus a research question.
Area of focus/Purpose = particular processes
in the organization that the research wants to
examine, e.g., providing services to clients with
certain disabilities (Bellini & ?, 2009; Mills,
Dependent variable = the variable(s) that is/are
measured in the research study (Salkind, 2008).
Independent variable = the variable(s) that
is/are manipulated in the research study
(Salkind, 2008).
Intervening variable = the other variables that
are logically related to the area of focus.
Research question = The question about a
relationship between an independent variable
and a dependent variable, which guides the
selection of the sample, research design, data
collection techniques, and data analysis
(Flick, 2009).
Status variables = characteristics which
describe participants in the research study
which have a hypothesized relationship to the
dependent variable ( Bellini & ?, 2009)
Triangulation = “This refers to the
combination of appropriate research
perspectives and methods that are suitable
for taking into account as many different
perspectives as possible” (Flick, 2009, p.
“The decision about a specific question
mostly depends on the researchers’ practical
interests and their involvement in certain
social and historical contexts. Everyday and
scientific contexts both play a part” (Flick,
2009, p. 98).
It helps narrow the perspective of the focus of
a study, e.g., Successful rehabilitation
counseling to something that the researcher
can manage, Is there a relationship between
the gender of the counselor and the reported
satisfaction with counseling services from
female clients.
What groups (sample) do you select answer
this question?
What designs and methods will you use with
these groups to answer the question, e.g.,
what data will you collect and where will you
get it?
What techniques will you use to analyze the
data to answer the question (Flick, 2009).
Given your review of the relevant literature,
write a draft purpose statement.
Given your literature review, write a
research question for your action research
Post these two items on the Blackboard
discussion Board for your team.
Review the posting of the members of your
team and provide feedback on how well
their postings match the definitions in this
presentation and how well you understand
the research question.
Come to a consensus on the statement of
purpose and the research question for your
team’s action research project.
Flick, U. (2009). An introduction to qualitative
research, 4th Edition. Thousand Oaks, CA:
Sage Publications.
Mills, G. E. (2007). Action research: A guide for
the teacher researcher, 3rd Edition. Upper
Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.
Salkind, N. J. (2008). Statistics for people Who
(Think They) Hate Statistics, 3rd Edition.
Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.