author`s purpose

Gwynn Park Middle School
Author’s Point of View
Today’s lesson will discuss
the author’s purpose and
math selected response
questions (looking for
Objective 1: RELA
Students will analyze
author’s use of language
in order to identify the
author’s purpose for
What is
Author’s Purpose?
The reason an author writes something is
called the author’s purpose.
Authors write for one of three reasons:
To entertain,
To explain or inform, or
To persuade
To Entertain
The author’s purpose is to explain or
inform if a reading text…
• Provides facts about a particular
• Tells readers how to do something.
To Explain
or Inform
The author’s purpose is to explain or
inform if a reading text…
• Provides facts about a particular
• Tells readers how to do something.
To Persuade
The author’s purpose is to persuade
if the reading text contains…
• many opinions;
• tries to convince readers to do
something; or
• believe something.
How to Find
Author’s Purpose
When reading a text, determining the
author’s purpose helps you to figure out
information in that text.
As you begin reading…
– Look at the title of the text for a clue to the
author’s purpose (sometimes clues to the
author’s purpose are in the title).
– While you are reading, ask yourself why the text
was written and look to see if it has lots of facts,
lots of opinions, or the elements of a story to help
you figure out the purpose.
Let’s Practice
“Identifying the
Author’s Purpose”
I Do
“Teacher Read Aloud”
the Author’s Purpose
A Great Day
It was Monday morning, and Ms. Stockton was a little late for work again.
Upon getting off the elevator, she noticed something very strange. Everyone
was wearing red and gold football jerseys. Not only were the students wearing
them, but so were the teachers. When she looked closer, she noticed
something else, they weren’t teachers; but substitutes, and they were the
biggest substitutes she had ever seen. She walked up to the man standing in
front of Mr. Young’s door and asked, “What’s going on here? Where’s Mr.
The substitute responded, “I’m not sure what you mean. This is my class.
I work here at Gwynn Park Middle School. Why are you here?” Stunned, Ms.
Stockton continued to focus on the other teachers down the corridor. “Are you
okay ma’am?” Asked the gentleman eyeing her quizzically. “I’m not sure, Ms.
Stockton stammered.”
Confused, Ms. Stockton turned to walk away, but suddenly stopped in her
tracks. “Wait a minute, aren’t you Jason Campbell, the Redskins football
player?” She exclaimed excitedly.
“Ma’am, you must be mistaken.” He replied as he greeted the students entering
his class. Pausing, Mr. Campbell, pointed to the door sign leading into his
room. “As I said, my name is Mr. Campbell, and over there are my friends and
colleagues, Mr. London Fletcher and Mr. Fred Smoot.” Ms. Stockton quickly
attempted to snap a picture with her camera phone when suddenly; the alarm
went off loudly jolting her from her sleep.
“Ah man, it was just a dream!” Ms. Stockton hit the snooze on her clock
and rolled over. “What a great dream!
I Do: Author’s Purpose:
“Great Day”
Review the following checklist…
 Did the author inform you of
Were you being persuaded to do
something or to think a certain way?
Was the author trying to entertain you
through a story?
What was the author’s purpose
for writing this selection?
a. To inform
b. To entertain
c. To persuade
To entertain
How to tell when a question is asking you about
the author’s purpose:
A test question may ask you why an author probably
wrote a particular reading text. This kind of question is
asking about the purpose of the entire reading text.
A test question may ask you why a particular paragraph
was written. This kind of question is asking about one
part of the reading text.
A test question may ask you what you think the author
wants readers to know. To help you answer this type of
test question, think about why the author probably wrote
the reading text.
Be sure to read the problems carefully,
think about what
are asking you to
do, and finally solve the problem the way
you have been taught in class. Do not
quickly guess because…chances
are…your guess will be there and you will
be wrong.
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