Classification of Instruments

advertisement
Classification
of
Instruments
Classification of Instruments
In music, there are five different types of
instruments. Every instrument that is played falls
into one of these five categories. They are:
•
•
•
•
•
Aerophones
Chordophones
Idiophones
Membranophones
Electrophones
Aerophone Instruments
• An aerophone produces its sound by the vibration of
• The two main families that are aerophones are
woodwind and brass instruments.
• Woodwinds use the air and reeds to vibrate.
• Brass use air and the player’s lips to vibrate.
• Some keyboard instruments also use air as
the source of vibration and can be considered
aerophones.
• Can you name any Aerophones?
Chordophone Instruments
• Chordophones are part of the string instrument family.
• They produce sound by the vibrating of
• To make the sounds: pluck, bow or strike the strings.
• This is done by a pick, bow or the musician’s hand.
• Can you name any Chordophones?
Electrophone Instruments
• This is the newest category of instruments. They have
only been around since the 20th century.
• Electrophones produce an electronic sound.
• The two main families of electrophones are electronic
instruments and amplified acoustical
instruments.
• What are some Electrophones that you have heard?
Membranophone Instruments
Membranophones produce sound
when a stretched
skin (membrane) vibrates.
• Different materials can be used to make
membranophones, some include wood, metal, or
ceramics.
• These instruments may have definite or indefinite
pitch. What does this mean?
• These belong to the percussion family. How
many different kinds of drums do you know?
Idiophone Instruments
• Idiophones produce a
sound by the vibration of
the actual instrument
itself.
• These instruments can be
struck, rubbed, shaken or
plucked.
• This category belongs to
the percussion family.
• How many can you
name?
Let’s Review
• Instruments can be classified into what
5 categories?
• Aerophones produce sound by the vibration of
what?
• Chordophones produce sound by the vibration of
what?
• Electrophones produce what kind of sounds?
• Membranophones produce sound by vibrating
what?
• Idiophones use the vibration of what?
• Can you give examples of each category?
Instrument Match
• Aerophone
• Chordophone
• Idiophone
• Membranophone
• Electrophone
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Flute
Conga
Mandolin
Synthesizer
Pipe Organ
Timpani
Guiro
Amplified Acoustic
Guitar
• Castinets
• Cello
Download
Related flashcards

Hydrology

28 cards

Geomorphology

20 cards

Create Flashcards