military requirements - SWIM

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SWIM-SUIT
Final User Forum
24-25 June 2010
SWIM-SUIT Final User Forum, Rome
LEARNING HOW TO SWIM
REQUIREMENTS and the MILITARY
PERSPECTIVE
Fabio GRASSO
EUROCONTROL DCMAC
Military Expert
24-25 June 2010
SWIM-SUIT Final User Forum, Rome
EUROCONTROL DCMAC
Mission: to progress and facilitate the accommodation
of national security and defence requirements, develop
specific activities in order to enhance civil-military and
military-military coordination and cooperation and
support civil and military stakeholders on civil-military
related ATM/CNS matters
Composed of active officers from national military
organizations with ATM/CNS and Military background
Experts are seconded to the Agency and work for the
benefit of all civil and military stakeholders, and not for
the respective Military organizations
24-25 June 2010
SWIM-SUIT Final User Forum, Rome
D 1.7.1 structure
•The Military and ATM
•The Mission Trajectory
•Military SWIM requirements
•Military SWIM security requirements
No Military application in the SWIM SUIT Prototype
The definition of Military requirements is based on the
concept of SWIM as expressed in SESAR Target Concept
and identified Military needs.
24-25 June 2010
SWIM-SUIT Final User Forum, Rome
THE MILITARY & ATM
The Military can be considered as full ATM actors, as:
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Regulators/Certification Authority
Aircraft Operator
Airspace User
ANS (ATS, AIS, SAR, MET) and CNS provider
Airport Operator
Other Military entities involved with ATM:
– National and International Air Defense organizations
– Situational Rooms
– Command and Control Centers
24-25 June 2010
SWIM-SUIT Final User Forum, Rome
THE MILITARY & ATM
Some examples of Military entities involved in ATM:
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Military aircraft (Fighters, Transport, Training, UAS)
ATC Centers (En-route, Approach, TWR)
AROs, AIS, MET Offices
Wing Operation Centers
Air Defense, C2 Centers
Search and Rescue Centers
Airspace Management Cells
Airport Operation Centers
Ships
……
24-25 June 2010
SWIM-SUIT Final User Forum, Rome
THE MILITARY & ATM
The Military will need continuous Air-to-Air and Air-toGround and Ground-to-Ground ATM information exchange
(use/provision) with the civil ATM actors, for the effective
conduct and coordination of air operations
Such information exchange must:
–Be supported by interoperable systems and procedures
–Be secure as required
–Support ATM and non ATM Military tasks (e.g. air defense)
24-25 June 2010
SWIM-SUIT Final User Forum, Rome
THE MISSION TRAJECTORY
MT Concept established by SESAR CONOPS, but more
detailed descriptions and identification of specific
requirements are required
Differences with the Business Trajectory because of the
different nature and objectives of flights will exist
DCMAC Doc “Introduction to the Mission Trajectory”
delivered to SESAR WP B.4.2
D1.7.1 includes a chapter which explains the MT concept
and the required ATM information sharing, focusing on:
– Trajectory management (planning and execution)
– Airspace Management aspects
SWIM shall take specific MT requirements into account
24-25 June 2010
SWIM-SUIT Final User Forum, Rome
MILITARY REQUIREMENTS
Military Organizations shall be involved in the definition,
development and implementation of SWIM in all its phases.
The early definition of SWIM and the proper consideration
of Military requirements will facilitate the integration of the
Military organization, also for the benefit of civil ATM actors
Plans for the deployment of SWIM must take the Military
needs and arrangements (operational requirements,
interoperability, resources planning, procurement cycles)
into account
24-25 June 2010
SWIM-SUIT Final User Forum, Rome
MILITARY REQUIREMENTS
SWIM Information Services and Models have to be
developed also to accommodate specific Military
requirements. This would facilitate the necessary systems
interoperability and support the ATM information exchange
also for the benefit of the civil actors
Under specific circumstances established by States, the
Military shall retain the right to suspend the data sharing
with other ATM actors via SWIM. In these cases,
contingency procedures are to be established between
civil and military partners involved
24-25 June 2010
SWIM-SUIT Final User Forum, Rome
MILITARY REQUIREMENTS
Access to specific Military ATM information, although
shared for ATM purposes, may require a prior security
clearance issued by States to particular group of users
The Military need to participate in SWIM Governance &
Supervision:
– As other ATM authorities/actors, as required
– The misuse of SWIM could affect ATM security for
which the Military may have responsibilities assigned
by States
24-25 June 2010
SWIM-SUIT Final User Forum, Rome
MILITARY REQUIREMENTS
Role and responsibilities of the Wing Operation Centre
(WOC), especially as far as Trajectory Management is
concerned, are to be defined (SESAR WP 11). WOC may
need tailored arrangements for information exchange via
SWIM
Military aerodromes, supporting exclusively military or
opened to civil aviation operations, are to be connected to
SWIM. Information Services and Models need to cover
specific requirements of these typologies of aerodromes for
their full integration in the ATM system
24-25 June 2010
SWIM-SUIT Final User Forum, Rome
MILITARY REQUIREMENTS
Military aircraft are to be considered as SWIM nodes
exchanging information with ground and airborne stations
Civil/military data link interoperability shall support
Trajectory
Management,
surveillance
applications,
separation functions, Aeronautical data exchange,
CPDLC-like applications
Performance based approach more than equipment based
approach, according to the Military aircraft types (different
avionics may lead to different capabilities). When
necessary, ground support
Management of information on board the Military aircraft
needs to be feasible, i.a.w. flight profile and tasks
24-25 June 2010
SWIM-SUIT Final User Forum, Rome
MILITARY REQUIREMENTS
Mission Trajectory management processes may differ from
those established for the Business Trajectory, in both
planning and execution phases. Military flights may be
planned following a short term planning cycle and may be
subject to significant changes in the execution Phase
(RMT) as well.
SWIM shall support information flows regarding MT
management processes and in particular its interface with
the BT
24-25 June 2010
SWIM-SUIT Final User Forum, Rome
SWIM MILITARY SECURITY
Security is mission critical for the Military. Military
organizations have developed and implemented robust
security policies and procedures to protect their information
and systems, which apply to personnel, facilities, plans
Military systems are not necessarily designed to be
interoperable with civil systems, but to support Military
operations with the level of security required by established
policies
Connectivity between SWIM and any Military systems
(including the aircraft) to exchange ATM data is necessary
in the future SESAR environment
How to ensure that the information flow is enabled
according to Military security standards?
24-25 June 2010
SWIM-SUIT Final User Forum, Rome
SWIM MILITARY SECURITY
REQUIREMENTS
The definition of a SWIM Security concept is necessary, in
order to facilitate the provision of the required level of
security in SWIM.
It is of outmost importance that a SWIM security policy is
developed and the related protective measures are
established and applied by all information users/providers.
Military systems which will be connected to SWIM need to
be protected, to ensure that no potential threat could be
injected via external data
24-25 June 2010
SWIM-SUIT Final User Forum, Rome
SWIM MILITARY SECURITY
REQUIREMENTS
In the frame of the SWIM security policies the Military shall
clearly define:
– What information is to be exchanged and for what
purpose
– Bodies and systems to be connected to SWIM and
their role (information user/provider)
– Responsibilities in the Supervision and Governance
– Security management and incident management
– Institutional aspects
– The level of protection of the single information
24-25 June 2010
SWIM-SUIT Final User Forum, Rome
SWIM MILITARY SECURITY
REQUIREMENTS
Close cooperation in the R&D activities with the civil
counterparts developing SWIM in order to agree on
common security requirements and standards. This would
encourage the Military to connect systems and share
information in a “protected” and “trusted” environment
The ATM information the Military share via SWIM will not
normally be classified. Some information shared in
particular circumstances related to security (i.e. renegade
situation) could have extra security requirements
24-25 June 2010
SWIM-SUIT Final User Forum, Rome
THE MILITARY & SESAR
It is expected that SESAR R&D activities investigate how to
integrate military aircraft, military ATM and Air
Operations/Air Defence units and systems in the SWIM
environment
DCMAC involvement in the SESAR Programme to provide
expertise and coordinate the Military inputs in all WPs
Military Engagement Plan for SESAR (MEPS) set up to
ensure the direct involvement of experts from States and
Military organizations in SESAR activities
24-25 June 2010
SWIM-SUIT Final User Forum, Rome
THE MILITARY & SESAR
Thorough analysis is needed on the following aspects:
– sharing of radar data between civil and military ATM to
ensure a common air situation picture
– definition of trajectory data, flight plan, flight data,
Meteorological information and Aeronautical Information
flows required by military aircraft, units and systems
– assessment of automation support to ASM, Trajectory
Management and CDM functions for civil-military
coordination
– filtering of confidential or security data
– assessment of data quality
– Security: ATM support to national security and defence
policies, i.e. protection of critical systems and data
24-25 June 2010
SWIM-SUIT Final User Forum, Rome
Questions and Feedback
http://www.swim-suit.aero/swimsuit/
24-25 June 2010
SWIM-SUIT Final User Forum, Rome
SWIM-SUIT
Final User Forum
24-25 June 2010
SWIM-SUIT Final User Forum, Rome
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