MODERNISM_1_1 - General Education @ Gymea

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REVIEW OF CONCEPTUAL
FRAMEWORK & PRACTICE
Tom Roberts, Shearing the Rams, 1890
“The Australian Impressionists created works which depicted Australians as
heroic, strong, rugged figures. These images were very popular in Australia
and back in England…”
What agencies in the Conceptual Framework are
involved with this quote?
Rosalie Gascoigne, Poplars
“Rosalie Gascoigne goes out into the bush and scrounges old waste materials
to create her work. As a young woman she found many people thought she
should be at home cleaning the house. They were unimpressed with what she
was doing and the works she created, but she found a beauty in the
materials; she feels they reflect Australia.”
What agencies in the Conceptual Framework are
involved here?
The Artist
The artwork
The world represented….
The audience…..
Critics;
Historians;
School students;
Academics;
Ordinary sports lovers
Other footy players
PRACTICE
• Every session, we divide up our time into two
sections. This is because we need to spend
time on ALL ASPECTS OF PRACTICE.
• What are the 3 aspects of practice?
ART
ARTMAKING- PRODUCING ART
HSC CASE STUDY 1:
MODERNISM
Paris Street, Windy Day, Caillebotte 1877
Modernism is a cultural/social trend, occurring
within the ‘Modern era’
Modernism affected all of society
because it was a time of monumental
CHANGE.
We will be focussing on Modernism in
art, (also called Modernist Art or
Modern Art.) Within the period of
Modernism in art there were many
movements. A ‘movement’ is a specific
style or field of interest within a group
of artists who more or less agree. A
movement may last for months or
years.
(e.g. Fauvism)
Derain, Forest at Martigues, 1908-9
The Modern era…what was it?
• Some writers locate the Modern era from the
period of The Enlightenment (‘The Age of
Reason’) which began in 18th century. This was a
general increase in scientific thought and
philosophy and a move away from superstition. It
was also the start of the lessening of the
influence of the Christian Church. There was a
sense that human reason, technology and
knowledge was the basis for all truth. Technology
was seen as being able to cure all the problems of
the world.
Ideas about Democracy strengthened. The movement
towards abolition of Slavery began during this period.
The first Encyclopedia developed in France, with the aim of
collating and spreading knowledge, in mid 1700s
The Industrial Revolution started in England at this time
and spread to Europe.
The French Revolution occurred 1789.
The American Revolution occurred 1775.
TWO WORDS: ENORMOUS CHANGE
• Everything about life in the Modern era underwent
change, and the pace accelerated as time went on.
• Railroads
• Steamships
• Cars
• Aircraft
• New forms of steel manufacture allowed new building
methods.
• Discovery of electricity in 19th cent
• Communication across the world by telegraph 19th
century
• Changes in the way people worked; where they lived
The Modernist period
in Art is generally
regarded as second
half of 19th century to
the 1960s. This is the
period we will be
concentrating on.
Brancusi, The Kiss, c. 1908
Modernism is the main
place one finds rapidly
changing Movements,
because it was a time of
such change, and artists’
ideas changed, as well as
their audience.
Impressionism Post-impressionism
Fauvism Cubism Expressionism
Constructivism Dada PopArt
Abstract Expressionism Formalism
The Nabis Symbolism
Realism etc etc etc etc
Post-impressionism: Van Gogh, Self-portrait with bandaged ear, easel and
Japanese print, 1889
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