The Sun Still Rises in the Same Sky: Native American Literature Important points from the article by Joseph Bruchac (20-21). Oral Tradition Native American Literature was originally created and maintained through oral tradition, a practice of spreading the literature from generation to generation by word of mouth. Native American Culture Native Americans use stories to teach moral lessons and convey practical information about the natural world. The following is a clip from Disney’s “Brother Bear” illustrating Native American oral tradition: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jFiJo9_ U414 Native American Literature… Reflects a view of the natural world that is more inclusive than Western Literature. What does inclusive mean? What does this reveal about Native American Literature? Move on to the next slide, and you will find out… Native American Literature… “Inclusive” means including a great deal or a broad spectrum of information, people, items, etc. Native American Literature includes animals, people, and nature. Animals and people are often interchangeable in myths and folk tales. The Power of the Metaphor American Indian cultures show a “keen awareness of the power of the metaphor” (21). Words are as powerful and alive as humans. Songs and chants can make things happen (i.e. the “rain dance”) Similes and metaphors are drawn from nature and are highly developed. Current Impact Oral traditions “preserve historical continuity” (21). However, the Native American culture is ever-changing and adaptive to the ever-changing world. Their beliefs and values, however, have been preserved over centuries. Works Cited Bruchac, Joseph. “The Sun Still Rises in the Same Sky: Native American Literature.” Elements of Literature: Fifth Course. Eds. Kathleen Daniel, Richard Sime, Thomas F. Hirsch, and Patricia Cambridge. Austin: Holt, Reinhart and Winston, 2003. 20-21. Print.