Women Make Progress - Mrs. Wray`s US History Class

Women Make Progress
Chapter 8 Section 2
US History Bellwork
• Locate three women in this section that were
key to the Women’s Progressive movement.
• Answer the following for each:
– Who were they?
– What did they do?
– How did this affect the Women’s Movement?
***Not everyone’s answers will be the same!
• Don’t forget the homework completion
contest! The class with the best completion
rate earns a letter grade on the next test.
• Don’t forget that we will do another binder
check this Friday. Every Friday you see me we
will have a binder check.
• The table points for this week have started
over. Who will be the best table this week?
Agenda 10.25.11
Bellwork – Three Women
Guided Notes – 8.2 Women Make Progress
Venn Diagram Activity – NAWSA vs. NWP
Closure Writing Activity
State Performance Indicators
• EH7.3.1 Recognize progress of political/social
reforms 1890-1930.
• EH7.6.2 Recognize Tennessee’s role in the
women’s suffrage movement.
Objectives for Learning
• Section Focus: How did women of the
Progressive Era make progress and win the
right to vote?
– Analyze the impact of changes in women’s
education on women’s roles in society.
– Explain what women did to win workers’ rights
and to improve family life.
– Evaluate the tactics women used to win passage
of the Nineteenth Amendment.
Women’s Working Issues
• Women’s hardships fueled reform:
– Long hours and low wages were common
• Specific reformers and issues
– Long hours – challenged by Muller vs. Oregon stated
long hours for women hurt families and a ten hour cap
was instituted
– Florence Kelley
• formed the National Consumers League to ensure women
could know products they purchased were produced safely
and fairly
• Formed the Women’s Trade Union League to fight for fair
labor conditions for women in factories
Other Issues that Effected Women’s Lives
• The Temperance Movement
– Movement to promote not drinking alcohol
– Believed drinking had a negative impact on women’s
home lives due to lost wages, potential neglect, and
possible spousal/child abuse
• Birth Control
– Many believed women would be better able to control
their lives if they could control their reproductive
• Margaret Sanger opened the first birth control clinic and
founded the American Birth Control League
Florence Kelley & Margaret Sanger
Women Fight For the Right to Vote
• The Women’s Suffrage Movement had existed
since the 1860’s but was unsuccessful on the
federal level although several states had granted
women the vote.
• Carrie Chapman Catt – President of NAWSA who
formed the two pronged strategy to fight for
– Lobby congress for a constitutional amendment
– Use the new referendum process to win the vote on a
state level.
Activists and Law Making
• Alice Paul – believed in a
more drastic method to
win the vote
– Led the National Women’s
– Led protest marches to
dramatize their efforts
– Some members used
hunger strikes
• Other suffragettes dislike
the methods of the NWP
but they were vital in
helping women gain the
The 19th Amendment
• Approved in 1919 –
stated that voting rights
would “not be denied
or abridged on account
of sex”
• In 1920 Tennessee
passed the amendment
by one vote completing
the number of states
needed to make the
amendment official.
Venn Diagram – Women’s Suffrage
• A Venn Diagram is used to compare and contrast
information about a topic. We will use this tool to
learn more about Women’s Suffrage.
• Procedure:
– On your OWN paper create a two column list of
important details about NAWSA and the NWP.
– Use your list to sort your information into the correct
part of the Venn Diagram. What was different and
what details/strategies did the two groups share?
Create your list…
Sort your information…
Closure – Writing Assessment
• Guiding Question: What kind of different tactics did
women use to get the Nineteenth Amendment
– Answer this question in a 3 – 5 sentence
paragraph on the back of your Venn Diagram. USE
your Venn Diagram to help you.
Today’s Activity
• We are going to create a foldable!
– Category 1 – Notable women – catalog all the
notable women in this section including a short
blurb about why we should know who they are.
– Category 2 – What problems did women want to
reform and WHY?
– Category 3 – Women and the vote? Trace the track
of suffragettes efforts to win the vote for women
including Tennessee’s special role in the process.