“To Kill a Mocking Bird” Chapter 18 Literary Elements By: Hannah Maher Symbolism. • Symbolic meaning or character. • Mayella represents battered girls. • The way Mayella stutters, or hesitates before she begins to answer a question represents that she is hiding something. • The author included this element to hint things to us, instead of taking the fun out of it and stating those things. Imagery. • The formation of mental images, figures, or likenesses of things, or of such images collectively. • “Mr. Ewell had a scalded look; as if an overnight soaking had deprived him of protective layers of dirt, his skin appeared to be sensitive to the elements.” • The author included this element, so that we could create a picture in our head of the characters, and the scenes in the book. Setting. • The surroundings or environment of something. • “ A young girl walked to the witness stand” -In a court room • “Mr. Gilmer asked Mayella to tell the jury in her own words what happened on the evening of November twenty-first of last year...” - That they are in session • The author included this element because, it help us to create a picture in our head of what is going on in the book. It helps us picture things the way we want to. Makes it more interesting. Theme. • A unifying or dominant idea. • You have to be careful who you listen to, not everyone tells the truth. • The effect this them has on me, is that some people that you trust will lie to you, even if you want to believe they won’t. Foreshadowing. • To show or indicate beforehand. • “Mayella stared at him and burst into tears.” - This foreshadows that Mayella will most-likely lie on stand. • This element helps develop the theme that people will lie to you. Characterization. • Portrayal, description. • This chapter portrays that Mayella isn’t the most honest person. Neither are the Ewell’s. • The author included characterization so that we as the audience would know not to believe Mayella, and that Tom Robinson is not guilty.