Module 3 Lecture Slides to Accompany Online Curriculum

Slides Template for Module 3
Contextual details needed to make data
meaningful to others
Learning Objectives
1. Understand what metadata is
2. Understand why metadata is important
3. Identify applicable standards for capturing
and documenting metadata
4. Understand disciplinary practices associated
with the collection and documentation of
5. Identify an approach to creating metadata
for a project
Module 3: Metadata
What is Metadata?
“Metadata is structured information that
describes, explains, locates, or otherwise
makes it easier to retrieve, use, or manage
an information resource. Metadata is often
called data about data or information about
information” (NISO, Understanding Metadata
Module 3: Metadata
You Must Have Metadata to:
• find data from other researchers to support
your research;
• use the data that you do find;
• help other professionals to find and use
data from your research; and
• use your own data in the future when you
may have forgotten details of the research.
Module 3: Metadata
Basic Types of Metadata
• Descriptive metadata
• Structural metadata
• Administrative metadata
Module 3: Metadata
How Metadata Facilitates
Discoverability and Reuse
• Discoverability
• Accessibility
Module 3: Metadata
Some Sample Metadata Standards
• Darwin Core
• Ecological Metadata Language (EML)
• Climate and Forecast (CF)
Module 3: Metadata
Collecting and Sharing Metadata
• Controlled vocabularies
• Technical standards
Module 3: Metadata
Controlled Vocabularies
• Help take the guess work out of choosing
• a preferred spelling;
• a scientific or popular term
• determining which synonym to use.
Module 3: Metadata
Technical Standards
ISO 8601 technical standard:
• YYYY (e.g. 1997)
• Year and month:
• YYYY-MM (e.g. 1997-07)
Complete date: YYYY-MM-DD (e.g. 1997-07-16)
• Media types can be problematic as well
• The MIME media types helps you choose among the
following: Application, audio, example, image,
message, model, multipart, text, video
Module 3: Metadata
Media Types
The MIME media types:
Module 3: Metadata
Approaches to Creating Metadata
First, identify your elements:
• Title
• Creator
• Identifier
• Subject
• Dates
Module 3: Metadata
Best Practices
Consult a metadata librarian!
Consistent data entry is important
Avoid extraneous punctuation
Avoid most abbreviations
Use templates and macros when possible
Extract pre-existing metadata
Keep a data dictionary
Always use an established metadata
Module 3: Metadata
Sources for this Unit
What is metadata:
National Information Standards Organization (NISO). 2004. Understanding Metadata.
Neiswender, C. 2010. "Introduction to Metadata." In The MMI Guides: Navigating the World of Marine Metadata . Accessed April 1, 2013.
Reuse and discoverability:
National Information Standards Organization (NISO). 2004. Understanding Metadata.
Miller, Steven J. 2011. Metadata Resources: Selected Reference Documents, Web Sites, and
Wikipedia page on “Metadata”:
Module 3: Metadata
Sources for this Unit (cont’d)
Metadata standards:
Digital Curation Centre’s Disciplinary Metadata resource.
Hogrefe, K., Stocks, K. 2011. "The Importance of Metadata Standards." In The MMI Guides:
Navigating the World of Marine Metadata. Accessed March 22, 2013.
Other suggested readings
Introduction to Metadata: Setting the Stage (Getty Research Institute)
Documentation and Metadata (MIT Libraries):
Version control and authenticity
Module 3: Metadata
Other Suggested Readings (cont’d)
What is Metadata?
Controlled vocabularies and technical standards
Metadata elements
Creating metadata
Module 3: Metadata