Achievement Test

advertisement
Chapter 9
Assessment of Achievement
Assessment Procedures for Counselors and Helping Professionals, 7e
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
What is Achievement?
Achievement can be defined as an individual’s
knowledge or skills in a particular content area
that he or she has received instruction (AERA et
al., 1999).
Achievement Test are comprised of items that
require test takers to demonstrate some level of
knowledge or skill.
Assessment Procedures for Counselors and Helping
Professionals, 7e
Drummond/Jones
8-2
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Differentiating Achievement Tests


Achievement tests focus more on the
present, i.e., what an individual knows or can
do right now.
Intelligence tests measure an individual’s
current cognitive ability level.
Assessment Procedures for Counselors and Helping
Professionals, 7e
Drummond/Jones
8-3
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Standardized Achievement Tests


Cover broad content areas common to most U.S.
school educational standards.
In education settings, standardized achievements
tests are used to:





Establish a student’s present achievement level
Monitor student achievement over time
Identify a student’s academic strengths and
weaknesses
Screen students for placement/selection decisions
Evaluate instructional objectives and programs
Assessment Procedures for Counselors and Helping
Professionals, 7e
Drummond/Jones
8-4
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Standardized Achievement Tests
Standardized achievement tests serve many purposes in
educational settings.






Establishing a student’s present achievement level
Tracking student achievement over time
Identifying a student’s academic strengths and weaknesses
Screening students for placement/selection decisions
Evaluating instructional objectives and programs
Assisting with diagnosis of learning disabilities
Assessment Procedures for Counselors and Helping
Professionals, 7e
Drummond/Jones
8-5
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Standardized Achievement Tests, Cont.
Standardized achievement tests have
several universal features, including:



uniform administration and scoring procedures
sound psychometric qualities
nationally representative norm groups
Assessment Procedures for Counselors and Helping
Professionals, 7e
Drummond/Jones
8-6
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Standardized Achievement Tests, Cont
There are several categories of achievement
tests, including:




Achievement test batteries
Individual achievement tests
Diagnostic achievement tests
Subject area tests
Assessment Procedures for Counselors and Helping
Professionals, 7e
Drummond/Jones
8-7
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Achievement Test Batteries



Achievement test batteries are comprised of
subtests that assess basic skills in reading,
language, mathematics and other gradeappropriate topics.
Each subtest has a fairly limited number of items.
Most achievement test batteries are group
administered.
Assessment Procedures for Counselors and Helping
Professionals, 7e
Drummond/Jones
8-8
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Assessment Procedures for Counselors and Helping
Professionals, 7e
Drummond/Jones
8-9
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Stanford Achievement Test

The Stanford Achievement Test:



is a group achievement test battery designed for use
in K-12 settings.
measures reading, mathematics, spelling, language,
social science, and listening.
provides several types of scores, including raw
scores, standard scores, percentile ranks, stanines,
grade equivalents, Normal Curve Equivalents (NCEs),
and performance categories
Assessment Procedures for Counselors and Helping
Professionals, 7e
Drummond/Jones
8-10
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Individual Achievement Tests




Individual achievement tests assess broad academic
areas
Cover broad range of skill levels
Useful for identifying individuals’ weaknesses in specific
subject areas
Often used with intelligence tests to diagnose learning
disabilities.
Assessment Procedures for Counselors and Helping
Professionals, 7e
Drummond/Jones
8-11
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Assessment Procedures for Counselors and Helping
Professionals, 7e
Drummond/Jones
8-12
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Individual Achievement Tests

A number of individual achievement tests include:





Wide Range Achievement Test, Fourth Edition (WRAT-4)
Peabody Individual Achievement TestRevised/Normative Update (PIAT-R/NU)
Wechsler Individual Achievement Test, Second Edition
(WIAT-II)
Woodcock–Johnson III Tests of Achievement, Normative
Update (WJ-III:ACH/NU)
Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement, Second
Edition (KTEA-2)
Assessment Procedures for Counselors and Helping
Professionals, 7e
Drummond/Jones
8-13
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Diagnostic Tests


The purpose of diagnostic tests is to identify an
individuals academic strengths or weaknesses.
Unlike achievement test batteries and individual
achievement tests, diagnostic tests:




have a narrower focus
contain a larger number and variety of items
take longer to administer
Diagnostic tests are often used for identifying and
diagnosing learning disabilities.
Assessment Procedures for Counselors and Helping
Professionals, 7e
Drummond/Jones
8-14
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Diagnostic Tests
Examples of diagnostic tests:



KeyMath-3 Diagnostic Assessment (KeyMath-3 DA)
Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals, 4th
Edition (CELF-4)
Grey Oral Reading Test (GORT)
Assessment Procedures for Counselors and Helping
Professionals, 7e
Drummond/Jones
8-15
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Subject Area Tests




The term subject area tests generally refers to
standardized achievement tests that measure content
area knowledge in specific academic or vocational
subject areas.
Subject area tests measure not only an individual’s
knowledge and skills in an area, but also predict how
well an individual will do in the future.
Examples of assessments that include subject area
tests include the SAT and College-level Examination
Program.
Other examples include CBMs and CRMs
Assessment Procedures for Counselors and Helping
Professionals, 7e
Drummond/Jones
8-16
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Other Achievement
Assessment Instruments







Adult Achievement Tests
Criterion-Referenced and Minimum-Level Skills Test
State Achievement Tests
National Assessment of Educational Progress
Curriculum-Based Assessment and Curriculum-Based
Measurement
Performance Assessment
Portfolio Assessment
Assessment Procedures for Counselors and Helping
Professionals, 7e
Drummond/Jones
8-17
© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Download
Related flashcards

Occupations

49 cards

Childhood

31 cards

Social psychology

27 cards

Healthcare occupations

29 cards

Create Flashcards