LV Network Monitoring Demonstrating the Possibilities 25 October 2012 Gideon Evans Introduction • SSE’s Low Carbon homes • Can LV Network Monitoring equipment be retrofitted without taking customers off supply? Understanding the LV Network • Capacity – – – – • Current MDI Information Demand and Generation more informed decisions Performance – – – – Voltage Limits Power Factor Power Quality / Harmonics more informed decisions Capacity Average Demand Demand XX:00 XX:30 Time Monitoring Equipment Measuring Voltage MDIs Calculated data Storage of data Rezap Fault management Transmission of data Measuring Current Installing Equipment Measuring Current • Conventional CTs – Installation would require disruptive substation works – Known choice • Rogowski Sensors – Can be installed around existing cable cores – Accuracy considerations • Innovations – Sentec GRIDKEY current transducer – Now on the market Measuring Voltage • Terminal Block Connection – Possible on modern fuse cabinets (eg Lucy Trifca) – Constrained cable routing – Need to drill holes in enclosures? • Direct Busbar connection – Requires work on live busbars – Connection leads need to be routed away from operational area • Innovations – Drummond G clamp – Now on the market Data Aggregation • Manufacturers offered integrated solutions – – – • Early versions had limited functionality – • Aerial extensions were required Data Storage in the data aggregator – • They had difficulties with measurement of directional current and harmonics Communications – • Current Group offered Open Grid product GE offered a C650 Relay / RTU, designed to work with ENMAC Selex Galileo offered their Sentec Gridkey product Issues with capacity and reliability Cabinets – Issues with size, weight, IP rating and mounting Equipment Connection Current Group Open Grid Chalvey Local s/s Harmonics Real and Reactive Power Selex Galileo / Sentec - GridKey Communications • Modes of Operation – – – • Protocol - DNP3 – – • Streamed (Real Time measured data) Half Hour (Calculated data) Alarms (Un-solicited data) For use with existing SCADA based control systems Standardised template was needed Storage – Pi Historian Further investigation • Streamline installation process? (Thames Valley Vision Project) • Equipment life-cycle – what should we expect from manufacturers? (Thames Valley Vision Project) • Total monitoring system accuracy? • Monitoring systems’ own energy usage? Key Learning Points • Live retrofitting can be done • Today’s equipment can monitor complex electrical parameters • LV network is as unbalanced as we thought! • Monitoring is a system. Comms and data storage are key features, not bolt on extras • Manufacturers value access to DNO networks – help them to help you Thank you Any questions?