The Rime of the Ancient Mariner


An introduction to Romantic lyrical poetry

Samuel Taylor Coleridge:

(1772-1834) Grew up in Devonshire Known as one of the founding authors of Romantic poetry Close friends with Wordsworth Suffered from rheumatic pains, ended up addicted to opium; ended up needing to seek treatment of a doctor Died in London in July, 1834, recognized as a literary master

Romantic poetry

 Emerged in the mid to late 18 th century as a reaction against Enlightenment thinking  Romantics favor the natural and personal, but still value structure, meter  “The spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” – Wordsworth, Lyrical Ballads (1789)  Coleridge and Wordsworth’s text considered to be the first major work of the Romantic school  The Rime of the Ancient Mariner is one of the last poems in the text

Lyrical poetry

 Poetry which expresses personal or emotional feelings  Dates from the classical world (Aristotle, Poetics) as a form of poetry usually accompanied by a lyre  All forms of lyric poetry are connected by a metrical repetition for more than one stanza  In modern poetry, most common form is sonnet; form also includes ballads, villanelles, odes  The Rime of the Ancient Mariner is a ballad (tells a story) and is written in alternating iambic tetrameter (four feet per line) and iambic trimeter (three feet)

What to look for in TROTAM

 Descriptions of characters, settings  Changes in characters, settings  Animals  Interactions with other characters  Role of the spiritual world  Colors

SOAPStone: A guide for poetry

 S = speaker (the voice who tells the story)  O = occasion (time and place; what prompted writing)  A = audience (group of readers to whom piece is directed)  P = purpose (Reason behind the text)  S = subject (topic)  Tone = attitude of the author