Constructed Response in the Classroom

Carol Muzny
Taylor Mill Instructional Coach
January 25, 2012
I can name the three types of constructed
response questions.
I can explain the differences between short
answer and extended response types of
constructed response.
I can list strategies that will prepare our
students to write strong answers to either
type of constructed response questions that
they will see on K-PREP 2012.
Kentucky’s new assessment (K-PREP) will
include constructed response questions, no
open response questions.
Rubrics are used to score some constructed
response answers.
Sometimes constructed response questions
offer students suggestions for answers.
Constructed response questions only assess
broad standards.
Constructed response questions can be
simple or complex.
"Constructed response or performance based
items" means individual test items that require
the student to create an answer rather than
select a response and may include fill-in the
blank, short answer, extended answer, open
response, and writing on demand formats.
KRS 158.6453
 Fill
in the Blank
 Short Answer
 Extended Response
Will NOT be part of the 2012 K-PREP
More information will be coming in 2012-13 school
Typically require students to recall, rather than
recognize information (Bloom’s Remembering and
Sometime require students to apply knowledge
(Bloom’s Applying).
They can usually be answered within five minutes
In math, may appear as a computational problem to
Is scored with a scoring guide or a rubric
Worth 2 points (twice as much as a multiple choice)
Previously known as “open-response”
Assesses a student’s ability to apply concepts
and/or processes in a new situation based on state
standards learned.
Contains a focus statement, scenario, or lead-in.
Includes at least one content-related task using
higher-level verbs.
Allows for at least two possible answers or
different ways to show the work for the answer or
solve the problem.
Assesses higher-level use of content/concepts, but
does NOT assess the student’s use of grammar or
mechanics or writing style.
Answers may include bullets, lists, diagrams, etc. and
whatever else is helpful in communicating
knowledge. These are all acceptable responses to
extended-response questions.
Can be completed in 15-20 minutes using one page.
Is scored using a teacher-designed scoring guide.
Is worth 4 points (4 times as much as a multiple
Identify key details and examples in a text.
Analyze context to determine which kind of
ratio is represented.
Formulate an objective summary that
includes how the central idea emerges, is
shaped, is refined by specific details
Recognize that a question requires an
Illustrate and explain calculations by using
written equations, rectangular arrays,
and/or area models.
Calculate unit conversions.
Define irrational numbers.
Compare and contrast historical portrayals
of a time, place, or character/person in an
historical account to how each are portrayed
or altered in a literary work.
In Kentucky, teachers have
been providing practice
and strategies for students
to answer extended
response questions for
many years.
From school to school and district to district, the
strategies have varied, but have had many common
factors. Many of the strategies that work for responding
to extended response questions also work for shortanswer questions.
On a post-it note, write a
strategy that could be
used to prepare our
students to write strong
answers to either type of
constructed response
Do another post-it
strategy if you have time.
Add your post-its to the Venn Diagram Chart.
Strategies for
Short Answer
for both
Strategies for
Extended Response