Presented by: Shuhab-u-Tariq Candidate ID: 389552, Aston Business School Introduction Context / Significance Problems Being Addressed Objectives Research Methodology Data Collection & Analysis Conclusion Projects generally fail due to varied reasons: Size | Sector | Complexity | Scope | Type Time | Money | Requirements Researches say that IT-projects are uncertain and most likely to fail, unless dealt in the best way in which they are meant to be handled. Research conducted by The Standish Group in 1995 indicated that 31.1% of projects evaluated were cancelled before they were completed, some 50% challenged, whilst the remaining succeeded (The Standish Group, 1995). Market research group Gartner complemented these findings stating the 30% of Information Technology (IT) projects will not meet their desired end goal via project completion. Comparisons of these percentage figures show project failure to be consistently high across many industries. IT project failure depending on: Size (Big Size v/s Small Size) ◦ How does IT project failure depend on size of the project ? Sector (Private Sector v/s Public Sector) ◦ How does IT project failure depend on sector under which it is being undertaken ? IT projects are increasingly being implemented each year due to the need to simplify, whilst making use of the expanding IT usage and consumerisation. The IT industry faces many challenges within its everexpanding marketplace, the foremost of which are the high levels of IT project failure when introducing new technological innovations via project form. Therefore, the need to identify critical success and failure factors has become highly sought after. Discussion on a balanced view over the influence of SIZE & SECTORS on IT project outcomes. Data and theoretical information has been primarily collected from academic journals, statistics, and prior reports. Secondary Research The final conclusion derived is a result of weighing both discussed problems equally. Analysis based on Size NHS’s - National Programme for IT (NPfIT - UK) Integration of Information Technology System Capacity shortages of Workforce FBI’s - Virtual Case File (VCF - US) Mistakes of time and resource estimate Communication Problems Objective Changes Public & Private Sector Analysis NHS’s - National Programme for IT (NPfIT - UK) Poor Leadership Largest Public Sector Project of UK, hence degree of risk estimation went flawed. Over Ambitious Lack of user involvement Hershey’s Food Corporation (US) Problems with Hershey’s Systems Integration Time Mismanagement Lack of user involvement Failure of rapid implementation of ERP at peak time, due to which system users found it hard to use and bring the system into action. IT project failure has occurred numerous times since the introduction of technology into global existence and use. We have considered just two variables (viz. Size and Public & Private Sector) from a myriad of options in which project failure has been previously attributed. Key to project success is, and would always be attributed to Effective Project Management, a broad term which needs to be scaled down, understood and put into action in the real sense of its words. Thank You!