Term Tuesday A discussion of literary and rhetorical terms Enjambment Definitions • When the units of sense in a passage of poetry don't coincide with the lines, and the sense runs on from one line to another, the lines are said to be enjambed In class example by Henry Vaughan • With that some cried, "Away!" Straight I Obeyed, and led Full east, a fair, fresh field could spy; Some called it Jacob's bed, A virgin soil which no Rude feet ere trod, Where, since he stepped there, only go Prophets and friends of God. These lines are enjambed • With that some cried, "Away!" Straight I Obeyed, and led Full east, a fair, fresh field could spy; Some called it Jacob's bed, A virgin soil which no Rude feet ere trod, Where, since he stepped there, only go Prophets and friends of God. Purpose • Pulls the reader through the poem • Quickens the pace • Sounds more natural than a pause every five feet. Literary Example T. S. Eliot’s The Waste Land • April is the cruelest month, breeding Lilacs out of the dead land, mixing Memory and desire, stirring Dull roots with spring rain. Winter kept us warm, covering Earth in forgetful snow, feeding A little life with dried… End-stopped • This is the opposite of enjambed • The line is stopped at the end with a mark of punctuation. Example of End stopped Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate. Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date. (Shakespeare, Sonnet 18) Writing your own • Write a 4 line poem about the finding yourself with a partner. Create two versions of the poem. One is endstopped, one is enjambed. Mrs. O’Brien’s Finding Herself-enjambed “Not finding yourself at the age of Thirty-four is a disgrace!” Willy Loman Shouts from his play to me today. I at Forty-one keep searching. Mrs. O’Brien’s Finding herself--end-stopped I think of all the people that I’ve been; You only see the shell that holds them in. A daddy’s girl farming at age ten, At twenty--wife, at thirty--mother hen.