File - Ashley Hendricks Portfolio

The Victorian age and
By Ashley
Hendricks &
Shyanne Lum
Victorian dress
Victorian Dress
• Victorian Dress
– Victorian fashion comprises the various
fashions and trends in British culture that
emerged and grew in province throughout the
Victorian era and the reign of Victoria, a
period which would last from June 1837 to
January 1901.
Victorian Dress
• Women's Fashion
– In the 1840s and1850s, women's gowns
developed narrow and sloping shoulders, low
and pointed waists, and bell-shaped skirts.
Corsets, a knee-length chemise, and layers of
flounced petticoats were worn under the
Queen Victoria’s family
• Queen Victoria’s family
– Queen Victoria was known as the
grandmother of Europe. She and her
husband, Albert, Prince Consort, had
nine children, who presented her with
thirty-seven grandchildren. Eight of whom
sat on the thrones of Europe, those of
Great Britain, Prussia, Greece, Romania,
Russia, Norway, Sweden and Spain. The
Queen herself was a carrier of
hemophilia, her son Prince Leopold was
born with the disease and through three
of Victoria's daughters it was to pass into
many of the Royal houses of Europe and
became known as the Royal disease.
Queen Victoria’s family
• Charlotte, Duchess of SaxeMeiningen 1860-1919
• Henry, Prince of Prussia 1862-1929
• Sigismund, Prince of Prussia 186466
• Victoria, Princess of SchaumburgLippe 1866-1929
• Waldemar, Prince of Prussia 1868-79
• Margaret, Landgravine of Hesse
Victorian era(1837-1901)
• Mid-late Victorian dresses:
– In 1864 the new Princess grown changed the
line of fashionable dress. The Princess grown
was cut in one piece and consisted of a
number of joined panels fitted and gored from
shoulder to hem that gave the figure shape
through seaming.
Victorian era(1837-1901)
• The late Victorian silhouette
– By 1878, women of the late Victorian era have
a very different look about them compared to
earlier Victorian women.
– The soft polonaise style bustle styles were
replaced by princess sheath garments without
a waist seam with bodice and skirt cut in one.
Victorian era
The average life expectancy in the U.S. was 47 years.
Only 14% of the homes in the U.S. had bathtubs.
Only 8% of the homes had a telephone.
A three-minute call from Denver to New York City cost
• There were only 8,000 cars in the U.S., and only 144
miles of paved roads. The maximum speed limit in most
cities were 10mph.
• Alabama, Mississippi, Lowa, and Tennessee, were each
more heavily populated than California. With a mere 1.4
million residents, California was only the 21st most
populous state in the union.
Victorian era
• Horseback riding in the 19th century could
be just as appealing to young ladies as in
our present day- with a bit more a
The Victorian Era- etiquette of
• What to avoid in social conversation
– Do not manifest impatience
– Do not engage in argument
– Do not interrupt another when speaking
– Do not find fault, although you may gently
– Do not talk of your private, personal and
family matters
The Victorian Era- etiquette of
• Refinement as indicated by conversation
– Do not lose temper
– Do not allude to unfortunate peculiarities of
any one present
– Do not always commence a conversation by
allusion to weather
– Do not, when narrating an incident,
continually say “you see”, You know”, ect.
– Do not introduce professional; or other topics
in which the company generally can not take
an interest
Table manners
• Basic Table Manners
– 1. Sit up straight.
– 2. Don't speak with your mouth full of food.
– 3. Chew quietly, and try not to slurp.
– 4. Keep bites small.
– 5. Eat at a leisurely pace.
Table manners
• Basic Table Manners
– 6. Don't wave utensils in the air
– 7. Keep your elbows off the table.
– 8. Don't Reach.
– 9. Don't forget please and thank you.
– 10. Excuse yourself when leaving the table.
Victorian Rituals and Traditions
• Tea time rituals
– Picnics were very popular with the Victorians,
because it supplied them the opportunity to
escape from their formal dinning rituals.
Victorian Rituals and Traditions
• Victorian Mourning Rituals
– When people died during the
reign of Queen Victoria the
corpse usually stayed in the home
until the burial. The body was
surrounded by family and friends
where viewing and touching the
deceased were commonplace.
Even children were not spared
from viewing the dead
Victorian Station
• Bicycling
– Arbiters of fashion prescribed a specific costume for
cycling, for, as Mrs. M. Cooke wrote in 1896. “It is
impossible to do good work or to practice comfortable
unless you are properly dressed”. For women
Tricyclists, Godney’s recommended a straight, side
pleate skirt of serge, worn over one underskirt and full
trousers lined with flannel and made of material to
match the dress. A warm jersey and jacket trimmed
with fur, a “tricyclists” cap to match, completed the
Victorian Station
• Recipes
– Basic Muffins
1 cup self rising flour
½ cup sugar
1 egg
¼ cups Canola Oil
½ cup milk
¼ cup pecans
¼ cup Chocolate Chips
– Combine flour, sugar, pecans, and chocolate chips in mixing bowl, and
stir together. Whisk egg milk, and oil together and add to dry
ingredients. Mix together only until dry ingredients are moist. Pour in
greased muffin tins, usually about 8. Bake at 400 degrees for 23-25
minutes, or until golden brown. Chocolate chips and pecans can be
substituted for chopped cherries and almonds, walnuts and dried
cranberries, ect.
– Serves: 4
Victorian Station
• Rules to dinning
– Married couples are never seated together.
– Ladies remove their gloves once they are seated; gentlemen
however must remove their gloves prior to being seated.
– The senior lady, either by age or social standing, is always led in
first by the host of the party. The hostess arrives last on the arm
of the senior male.
– It is ridiculous to make a display of your napkin.
– Never ask for “meat instead of beef.
– Never turn up your cuffs in carving.
– Never take bread, even when it is within your reach, instead of
calling upon the servant.
– Never cut your bread with a knife, it should be broken by hand.
– Always use you napkin before and after drinking.
Victorian Etiquette
• Basic Victorian Etiquette& Manners:
– Rising to one’s feet when being introduced, or
when someone enters the room.
– Ladies do a little curtsey and men greet with a
– Never turn your back on someone. When you
have to remove yourself from the attention or
presence of someone, to answer a door, look
out the window ect, you always asked to be
Victorian Etiquette
• How to be a lady in a Victorian etiquette:
– That simply means that a woman’s beauty
must be natural, with fair and clear skin due to
good health, rosy cheeks due to excitement
and a zest for life, interesting eyes due to a
sharp, educated mind
– Dress must be modest in feminine styles and
colors are much preferred.
– There was a greater distinction in dress
between men and women in Victorian times.
There was no room for ambiguity.
Top 10 creepy Aspects of Victorian
• 10. Vignettes- The Victorian
upper class had no
televisions to entertain them,
so they entertained
themselves. One of the
popular forms of
entertainment was for
friends and family to dress
up in outrageous costumes
and pose for each other.
Top 10 creepy Aspects of Victorian
• 9. Poorhouses were government-run
facilities where the poor, infirm, or mentally
ill could live. They were usually filthy and
full to the brim of societies unwanted
people. Many of the people who lived in
the poorhouses were required to work to
contribute to the cost.
Top 10 creepy Aspects of
Victorian Life
• 8. Pea-Soupers
– London during the Victorian era
was famed for its pea-soupers
— fogs so thick you could
barely see through them. The
pea-soupers were caused by a
combination of fogs from the
River Thames and smoke from
the coal fires that were an
essential part of Victorian life.
Top 10 creepy Aspects of
Victorian Life
• 7. Food
– English food can be creepy
at the best of times, but
especially so in the Victorian
era (disclaimer: England
currently produces some of
the finest food in the world).
The Victorians loved offal
and ate virtually every part of
an animal.
Top 10 creepy Aspects of
Victorian Life
• 6. Surgery
– One in four surgery patients died after
• 5. Goyhic novel
– How could the gothic novel (a genre of
literature that combines elements of both
horror and romance) not be included on a list
like this? It was the Victorian period that gave
us such great works of terror as Dracula, and
the Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.
Top 10 creepy Aspects of
Victorian Life
• 4. Jack the ripper
– In the late Victorian era, London was
terrorized by the monster known as Jack the
Ripper. Using the pea-soupers as a cover, the
Ripper ultimately slaughtered five or more
prostitutes working in the East End.
Top 10 creepy Aspects of
Victorian Life
• 3. Freak Shows
– A freak show is an exhibition of
rarities, “freaks of nature” — such
as unusually tall or short humans.
• 2. Memento mori
– It was too extensive to get a
photographs of yourself, so they
got photographs of the dead.
Top 10 creepy Aspects of
Victorian Life
• 1. Queen Victoria
– Queen Victoria has to have position number
one on this list because the era is named for
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