POMPEII – THE BURIED CITY

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POMPEII – THE BURIED
CITY
By Harrison Mufford
POMPEII
• This is what Pompeii,
Italy looked like at the
time Mt. Vesuvius
exploded.
• The architecture was
extremely beautiful in
A.D. 79.
The Floor Plan of the House of
Menander
The Interior of The House of
Menander
• Welcome to the
house of Menander.
• This house is one of
the largest and most
luxurious in Pompeii.
• It occupies almost a
whole city block.
• This is the atrium or
the front of the house.
The Atrium
• You can see in the left
corner of the room a
shrine to the Lares,
the gods that
protected the house.
The Exterior of The House of
Menander
• This is the garden
courtyard and outer
dinning area.
• As you can see they
have restored the
gardens in the centre
courtyard.
Menander’s Bath
• This is a picture in
Menander’s hot room
in the private bath
suit.
Wall Paintings Inside the House of
Menander
The Forum of Pompeii
• This is an Arial view of the
Forum.
• The main street came to an
end at the Forum.
• It was considered the pride of
Pompeii.
• The green surrounding
buildings housed the
government.
• It was the center of
government, religion and
commerce.
• It stretched several blocks.
The Forum of Pompeii
• The towering columns of
the forum still stand
today.
• Once the heart of the city,
this grand square was
badly damaged by an
earthquake in A.D. 62
and then burred by the
eruption of Vesuvius.
• It included long
colonnades, statues of
horsemen and a huge
temple dedicated to
Jupiter.
The Architecture of the Forum
•
•
As was typical of the time, most of
the most important civic buildings
at Pompeii - the municipal offices,
the basilica (court-house), the
principal temples (such as the
Capitolium), and the macellum
(market) - were located in or
around the forum.
Wall-paintings in one of the
houses excavated illustrate
scenes from the forum, such as
bustling market-stalls set up in the
colonnade fronting many of the
forum buildings. Such evidence
highlights the importance of this
area in the everyday lives of the
town's inhabitants
Pompeii Bakery
•
•
•
The lava mills and the large woodburning oven identify these
premises as a bakery. Each mill
consists of two mill-stones, one
stationary and one hollow and
shaped like a funnel. The funnelshaped stone had slots, into which
wooden levers could be inserted
so that the stone could be rotated
to grind the wheat.
Each mill would have been
operated either by manpower or
with the help of a donkey or horse
(in one bakery, the skeletons of
several donkeys were
discovered).
In total, 33 bakeries have so far
been found in Pompeii.
Buying Bread
• This is a wall painting of
someone selling bread.
• Loafs of bread are
stacked up on the counter
where the man is handing
them out to the
customers.
• It is thought that the
people of Pompeii bought
their daily bread from
bakeries rather than bake
it themselves at home,
since it was rare to find an
oven in a home.
The Forum Baths Interior
Forum Bath Layout
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Men’s dressing room
Men’s cold bath
Men’s warm bath
Men’s hot bath
Gymnasium
Bronze hot seats
Basins
Bath tub
Furnaces for air and water
temperature that service both
men and woman's sides.
Woman’s dressing room
Women’s cold bath
Women’s warm bath
Women’s hot bath
Open-air courtyard
The Forum Baths
• This is a wall painting
of Venus on a
seashell being
escorted by cupid. It
was discovered in
1952 in the forum
bath.
Attention to Details
• This is an example of
the original lettering
around the giant
marble basin
“labrum.”
The Ceiling of the Forum Baths
• This is the room
between the hot and
cold baths. It has a
stucco barrel vaulted
ceiling and niches in
the walls that are
adorned with terra
cotta.
Pompeii volcano hole
HARRISON
MUFFORD
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