What you need to know • The background of the causes. • A study of one revolutionary leader, study of the changes sought and brought about by the actions of the leader. • How the French Revolution influenced events in Ireland • Consequences of the 1798 Rebellion in Ireland. 1798 Rebellion • In March Spies told British that the Irish were planning a rebellion. • The rebels attempted a rebellion in Dublin but were defeated by the British. • Main leaders were arrested. • Local leaders took over, rebellion spread to Carlow, Meath, Kildare, Wicklow. • Defeated by the British. Many rebels executed. Also spread to Wexford • People in Wexford heard of awful events in Wicklow. • People were anger at the actions of the British government. • In May 1798, rebellion began in Boolavogue, led by Father John Murphy. • Rebels attacked and captured Enniscorthy. Established headquarters at Vinegar Hill. • Two days later, captured Wexford town. Led by Bagenal Harvey. Song • June 5th, rebels attacked New Ross. • Rebels lacked weapons so were defeated by British. Rebel prisoners were executed. • Revenge: Rebel Prisoners burned a barn at Scullabogue. Killed 200 Protestants. • Also killed 93 Protestants at Wexford Bridge. • Events shocked many. Father Philip Roche replaced Bagenal Harvey. • Rebel army defeated at Arklow, Vinegar Hill was later captured on 21 June. • British in control. • Leaders: Bagenal Harvey, Father Roche, Father Murphy captured and hanged. • Rebels executed and sent to Australia. Ulster • United Irishmen in Ulster also had a rebellion. Led by Henry Joy McCracken. • A force of rebels attacked Antrim. Were defeated. • McCracken executed. • Later battles were also won by British. French • French came to Ireland in August. • Landed in Mayo, defeated a British force. • British then moved onto Longford. Met General Cornwallis with a big army and had to surrender. • French troops treated well by British. Irish troops executed. Death of Wolfe Tone • In October, another French fleet arrived in Ireland. Wolfe Tone travelled with them. • Fleet was attacked off the Donegal coast. • Wolfe Tone was captured. Placed on trial in Dublin. Sentenced to death. • Died on 19th November 1798 • Seen as the Father of Irish Republicanism ‘From my earliest youth I have regarded the connection between Ireland and Great Britain as the curse of the Irish nation and felt convinced that while it lasted, the country would never be free and happy. In consequence, I determined to apply all the powers which my individual efforts could move, in order to separate the two countries’ Timeline of events • March • May- • June 5th • Few days later: June • June 21st • Throughout June • August • October • 19th November • July 1803 • • March –spies told British of a planned Rebellion. May-Rebellion had broke out in Carlow, Kildare, Meath. -Rebellion began in boolavogue, Wexford. -Rebels captured Enniscorthy: had headquarters at Vinegar Hill • June 5th -Rebels defeated at New Ross -Rebels burned barn at Scullabogue June - Loyalists killed at Wexford Bridge June 21st -Rebels defeated at Vinegar Hill. • • • • • • • • Throughout June Battles in Ulster August - French came to Mayo October -French came and captured off Donegal coast. -Wolfe Tone sentenced to death. 19th November -Wolfe Tone dies July 1803 -Robert Emmett organised a revolt in Dublin . Was a failure. Consequences 1. Death and Destruction 2. Protestants and Catholics were divided. 3. Act of Union. 4. Wolfe Tone regarded as the founder of Irish Republicanism. 5. Different form of Nationalism: Some leaders tried to find peaceful means of reforming Ireland. E.g. Daniel O’Connell. Wanted to solve Irish problems by getting Irish MP’s elected to British Parliament.