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AUSTRIA
General Information (1)
• area: 83.858 sqkm Austria
• 9 federal states:
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Vienna (Wien)
Burgenland
Lower Austria (Niederösterreich)
Upper Austria (Oberösterreich)
Styria (Steiermark)
Salzburg
Carinthia (Kärnten)
Tyrol (Tirol)
Vorarlberg
General Information (2)
• The federal legislation is carried out by the two
chambers of Parliament:
National Council (Nationalrat) and Federal
Council (Bundesrat)
• Each federal state has its own government
• Austria is a member of the European Union, the
United Nations and most UN organizations
General Information (3)
• 8.4 million inhabitants, 98% speak German
• The six ethnic groups officially recognized
(Croatians, Roma, Slovaks, Slovenians,
Czechs and Hungarians) are concentrated in
the east and south of the country
• appr. 66% of the Austrians are Roman
Catholic, 3,9% are Protestant, 4,5% are
Muslims, the rest belongs to other religious
denominations
http://www.austria.info/at
Vienna
Facts and Figures
• the capital of Austria and a federal state at
the same time
• surrounding province: LowerAustria
• located in the north-east of Austria
• close to the Czech Republic, Slovakia and
Hungary
• population: 1.7 Mio
• area: 414,90 km2
• 23 districts
Celebrities
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Johann Strauß (composer)
Franz Schubert (composer)
Franz Grillparzer (author)
Arthur Schnitzler (author)
Ferdinand Raimund (author)
Sigmund Freud (psychoanalyst)
Erwin Schrödinger (physicist)
Gustav Klimt (painter)
Falco (pop musician)
Tourist Attractions (1)
Parliament
City Hall
Burgtheater
Hofburg
Staatsoper
Tourist Attractions (2)
Karlskirche
Belvedere
Schoenbrun
n
St. Stephan‘s Cathedral
Ferris Wheel
Traditions (1)
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Wiener Schnitzel
Tafelspitz
Apfelstrudel
Palatschinkeen
(sweet pancakes)
• Sachertorte
Traditions (2)
• Christmas tree
This tradition was
brought to Austria by a
German princess, who
married a Habsburg
prince
• Opera Ball
The most famous ball
event of Austria
Burgenland
• the easternmost, youngest and flattest
Austrian federal state
• capital: Eisenstadt
• neighbouring federal states: Lower
Austria, Styria
• neighbouring states: Slovakia, Hungary,
Slovenia
• 7 districts
Facts and Figures
• 3,966 km²
• 284,897 people
• several ethnic minorities: Croatians,
Hungarians, Roma
• home to many hot spas (Bad
Tatzmannsdorf, Lutzmannsburg,
Stegersbach etc.)
• important wine growing area
Forchtenstein Castle
Celebrities
• Franz Liszt (composer)
• László Almásy (desert
researcher)
• Andreas Ivanschitz (football
player)
Landscape
• The highest elevation is the
Geschriebenstein (884m)
• The lowest elevation is 114m near
Apetlon on Lake Neusiedl
Lake Neusiedl
Lake Neusiedl is the second largest steppe
lake in Central Europe.
There you can practice a number of sports,
such as:
– surfing
– sailing
– swimming
– running, cycling,…
Rivers:
• Pinka
• Leitha
• Lafnitz
• Raab
Traditions
• Zwickelscheit (a log which is
brought to the households by
the youngsters on January 1; it
is put under the table and is
said to bring good luck)
• Budelfrau (a helper of Santa
Claus who brings sweets for the
children on January 6)
Lower Austria
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Located in the north-east of Austria
Austria’s largest federal state
capital: St. Pölten
neighbouring provinces: Upper Austria,
Styria, Burgenland
• neighbouring states: Slovakia, Czech
Republic
Facts and Figures
• 19.177 km²
• 1.6 million people
• 4 districts, called “Viertel”
Schneeberg, 2076m
Stift Melk
Celebrities
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Leopold Figl (politician)
Joseph Hadyn (composer)
Josef Haslinger (author)
Oskar Kokoschka (painter)
Max Reinhardt (stage director)
Konrad Lorenz (ornithologist, Nobel Prize
1973)
Landscape (1)
Mountains:
• Hocheck (1061m)
• Schneeberg (2076m)
Passes crossing the Alps:
• Semmering (985m)
• Wechsel (980m)
Landscape (2)
Rivers:
• 36 rivers, among them: Danube, Traisen,
March and Thaya
• Danube - 2850 km long, flows into the Black
Sea
• the Wachau Valley is an important wine
growing area and a World Heritage Site
Traditions
• St. Nicholas House
• Golden Bonnet (part of
the traditional women‘s
costume in the Wachau
Valley)
• Midsummer fires are lit
by the end of June to
welcome summer, mainly
in the Wachau Valley
Upper Austria
• the fourth-largest federal state
• capital: Linz (cultural capital of Europe
2009)
• neighbouring provinces: Lower Austria,
Styria, Salzburg
• neighbouring states: Czech Republic,
Germany
Facts and Figures
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11.981 km²
1.41 million people
5 regions
important industry: VOEST Alpine
Hallstatt
Celebrities
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Klaus Maria Brandauer (actor and director)
Thomas Bernhard (author)
Adalbert Stifter (author)
Julius Wagner-Jauregg (physician)
Landscape (1)
Many mountains, e. g. Totes Gebirge
(Dead Mountains), Dachsteingebirge,
Höllengebirge (Hell’s Mountains)
Landscape (2)
Many lakes and rivers, such as the
Salzkammergut Lakes, the Danube River
and the Enns River
Traditions
• Picking eggs
picking egg time stretches from Easter
Monday to Whitsuntide
• Christmas markets sell mangers,
Christmas trees, Advent wreaths and all
types of Christmas decorations
Styria
• the second largest of all of Austrian federal
states (concerning the area covered)
• capital: Graz (cultural capital of Europe 2003)
• neighbouring federal states: Burgenland,
Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Salzburg,
Carinthia
• neighbouring states: Slovenia
Facts and Figures
• 16.391 km²
• 1.21 million people
• Styria is called “the green heart of Austria”
(61% of it are covered by forests, fruit
gardens, vineyards and grasslands)
• 17 districts
• Styria is the home of the well-known
company “Magna” (car supply industry)
Celebrities
• Peter Rosegger (author)
• Karl Böhm (conductor)
• Karlheinz Böhm (his son; actor, founder of
“People for People”)
• Thomas Muster (tennis player)
• Peter Simonischek (actor)
• Arnold Schwarzenegger (governor of
California)
• Elfriede Jelinek (author, Nobel Prize 2004))
• Viktor Kaplan (engineer)
Landscape (1)
• There are some rather high mountains
 the Dachstein (2995m; the highest one)
 Schladminger Tauern (2862m)
 Rottenmanner Tauern (2475m)
• Many people go skiing in the Styrian
mountains in winter
• South-eastern Styria is famous for its fruit
cultures (Steirische Weinstraße)
Landscape (2)
• The biggest rivers are called Enns, Mur
and Mürz
Graz: Murinsel
Traditions
• the Dirndl, consists of a close fitting
bodice combined with an apron in a
different colour
• The traditional Steireranzug is a greyish
garment made from loden with green
embroidery
• the Lederhosen, knee-long trousers or
short-pants made from leather, are worn
with rustic shoes and woollen socks
Salzburg
• divided into five regions, called “Gau”
• capital: Salzburg
• neighbouring federal states: Upper
Austria, Styria, Carinthia and Tyrol
• neighbouring states: Germany
Facts and Figures
• 7.154 km²
• 531.721 people
• Winter sports and various music festivals
are the main attractions for tourists
City of Salzburg and
Hohensalzburg
Celebrities
• Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in
Salzburg
• Hermann Maier (skier)
• Annemarie Moser-Pröll (skier)
Landscape
•The main river is called
Salzach
•The most important lakes are
called Wolfgangsee, Fuschlsee and
Wallersee
Traditions
• Perchten are figures wearing beautiful or
ugly masks (Schönperchten and
Schiachperchten) and going around in the
villages on January 6
• May trees are put up on May 1 to
welcome spring
• Prangstangen are decorated with flowers
and are carried around in June to secure a
good harvest for the farmers
Carinthia
• the southernmost Austrian federal state
• capital: Klagenfurt
• neighbouring provinces: Styria, Salzburg,
Tyrol
• neighbouring states: Slovenia, Italy
Facts and Figures
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9.535 km²
558.271 million people
8 districts
the chemical industry, mechanical
engineering industry and electrical industry
are increasing constantly
• the tourist industry is
also a very important
business sector
Lindwurm in Klagenfurt
• Carinthia offers a number of attractions for
every season
– skiing in winter
– hiking in summer
– swimming and other water sports
• a number of historical sights
– Roman excavations at the Magdalensberg
– impressive castles, e.g. Hochosterwitz
Burg Hochosterwitz
Celebrities
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Ingeborg Bachmann (author)
Peter Handke (author)
Franz Klammer (skier)
Armin Assinger (skier and TV presenter)
Paul Watzlawik (physcho-therapist and
author)
Landscape (1)
• The area around the capital is a basin in
the centre of the Alps (Klagenfurter
Becken)
• The most important river valleys are the
Möll-, Drau- and Gail-Valleys
Landscape (2)
• Mountains:
 The Carnian Alps and the Karawanken
form the border with Italy and Slovenia
 The Central Alps (Tauern) separate
Carinthia from Salzburg
 Carinthia shares the
Großglockner (3798m) –
the highest mountain of
Austria – with Tyrol
Traditions
• the Villacher Fasching (Carnival) is one
of the most famous carnival festivals of
Austria
• several Christmas markets are held in
the country
Tyrol
• capital: Innsbruck
• dominated by the wonderful peaks of the
Alps
• neighbouring federal states: Salzburg,
Vorarlberg
• neighbouring states: Germany, Italy,
Switzerland
Facts and Figures
• North and East Tyrol (8 districts)
 12.647 km²
 710.084 people
• South Tyrol (has been a part of Italy since
1918)
 7.400 km²
 507.657 people
Celebrities
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Albin Egger Lienz (painter)
Tobias Moretti (actor)
Toni Sailer (skier)
Karl Schranz (skier)
Stephan Eberharter (skier)
Landscape
• The highest mountain of North Tyrol is called
Wildspitze (3768m)
• Stubaier Alpen (more than 3000m high)
• Rivers:
 Lech and Inn (North Tyrol)
 Drau and Isel (East Tyrol)
 Etsch and Eisack (South Tyrol)
Traditions
• bread consecration is an important
Easter tradition
• Aperschnalzen is a traditional expelling of
winter
Vorarlberg
• the westernmost, and second smallest
Austrian federal state
• capital: Bregenz
• neighbouring federal state: Tyrol
• neighbouring states: Germany, Switzerland,
Liechtenstein
Facts and Figures
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2.601 km²
370.000 people
6 regions
Main area for winter sports is the Arlberg
region
• The Montafon Valley is the original home
of a famous cow race
Celebrities
• Lorenz Böhler (physician)
• Robert Schneider (author)
Landscape
• The Arlberg is not a mountain but the
mountain pass (1793m) between
Vorarlberg and Tyrol
• Lake Constance (Bodensee) is one of
the biggest lakes in Europe
• The river Rhine forms part of the
western border of the federal state
Traditions
• cheese from Vorarlberg is very famous
• Funkenfeuer is a tradition of expelling
winter
• midsummer fires are lit at the end of
June
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