Renewable energy sources - Osservatorio Europeo del Paesaggio

advertisement
Local Agenda 21 in territorial
planning in energy and waste
management
Torino, 28th – 31st of January
Seminar plan
1. Introduction on competences of the Province about energy
2. Energy balance of the Province– Silvio De Nigris
3. Energy production plants in the Province of Turin– Alberto Cucatto
Break
4. Thermal plants and energy upgrading – Raul Richiardone
5. Promotion projects on renewable resources and energy efficiency –
Giovanni Vicentini e Barbara Martignoni
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo
Energy competences
1. Planning and promotion of energy policies:
•
•
Drafting of Report on the production and consumption of energy
Projects management to promote renewable energy and energy efficiency to
municipalities and citizens
2. Authorization of the production facilities of electricity, opinions VIA and
IPPC procedures, light pollution.
3. Energy performance monitoring and the proper operation and
maintenance of heating systems for the air-conditioned building.
•
•
Controls on the energy performance of thermal plants
Training on the management and maintenance of heating systems
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo
The Torino Province is an aggregation of
315 Municipalities
•
•
•
•
244 of them have less than 5.000 inhabitants
The population is about 2.200.000 inhabitants,
900.000 of which in the City of Turin
The Added Value is about 55.000 M€, which is
mostly produced by service sector (71%), with
industry loosing importance (10 years ago
industry was 5 points higher)
It’s the head office of the main Italian car factory
(FIAT)
Agricolture
1%
Industry
28%
Service&Commerc
e
71%
Added Value
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo
Energy flow- scheme
Year: 2011
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo
Total energy consumptions
In 2011 total energy consumptions ammounted up to
5 Mtoe. The actual trend is decreasing and if we do
not consider the ammount of energy not related to
domestic consumptions (i.e. export of electricity) total
consumptions dopped below 5 Mtoe, the lowest value
ever recorded.
6.000
Prodotti Petroliferi
23,6%
gas naturale
66,2%
5.000
Fonti rinnovabili
10,2%
[ktep]
4.000
3.000
2.000
1.000
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
-1.000
energia elettrica (saldo)
gas naturale
Prodotti Petroliferi
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo
Fonti rinnovabili
2011
Natural gas consumptions
prod. elettrica e TLR
47,2%
Natural gas consumptions were, in 2011, a little bit
over 4 billion of cubic meter. It is the lowest value
since 2004. What is decreasing in the natural gas
demand in industry sector, which dropped more than
40% in comparison to the end of Nineties.
agricoltura
0,0%
Altro
0,6%
industria
16,7%
5.000
consumi propri
0,0%
terziario
5,8%
3.000
2.000
1.000
terziario
tot. usi civili
industria
agricoltura
trasporti
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo
2011
2010
2009
2008
2007
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
2001
2000
1999
1998
1997
1996
1995
1994
1993
1992
1991
1990
[SMm3]
4.000
domestico
trasporti
0,5%
prod. elettrica e teleriscaldamento
domestico
29,8%
Oil products consumptions
Oil products consumptions were slightly over 1,2 Mtoe, the
lowest value ever. The decrease started years ago and has been
very important both in buildings (-64%) and in transport (-15%).
olio combustibile
gas di petrolio
4,4%
liquefatto
8,9%
benzina
27,9%
2.250
2.000
1.750
gasolio
58,8%
1.250
1.000
750
500
250
olio combustibile
gas di petrolio liquefatto
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo
gasolio
benzina
2011
2010
2009
2008
2007
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
2001
2000
1999
1998
1997
1996
1995
1994
1993
1992
1991
1990
[ktep]
1.500
Renewable energy sources
In 2011 the consumption of renewable energy sources have been as
high as in 2009. The increasing yearly rate is around 4,5% with
important differences among sources and kind of energy. What is
mainly increasing in the last few years is the energy available for final
users. This is the part of energy which is to be considered as the most
important and which is taken into account for EU targets.
600
500
[ktep]
400
300
200
100
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
Fonti rinnovabili destinate agli usi finali
2007
2008
2009
2010
Perdite dovute alle trasformazioni
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo
2011
Renewable energy sources in final uses
In 2011, the share of final energy demand covered by renewable
energy was 10,4%. In the last ten years such rate increased by 3
points, still too less to meet EU targets fixed at 2020.
Eolico
0,0%
500
Idroelettrico
44,0%
450
400
350
Biomasse
50,7%
[ktep]
300
250
200
Geotermia
0,8%
150
100
50
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
Fonti rinnovabili termiche
2007
2008
2009
Fonti rinnovabili Elettriche
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo
2010
2011
Solare
4,4%
Electricity generation
In 2011 more than 12,3 TWh of electricity have been generated
in the province of Torino, a little bit less tha the average value of
the last five years. More than 80,2% of electricity come from
thermoeletric power plant with CHP increasing very much. 18,5%
comes fro hydropower and 1,3% from solar energy.
termoelettrico
cogenerazione
58,82%
fotovoltaico
1,29%
eolico
0,00%
14.000
12.000
idroelettrico
18,51%
10.000
[GWh]
termoelettrico
21,38%
8.000
6.000
4.000
2.000
2000
2001
2002
idroelettrico
2003
2004
termoelettrico
2005
2006
2007
2008
termoelettrico cogenerazione
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo
2009
fotovoltaico
2010
eolico
2011
Electricity production and consumptions
The production of electricity overcome the domestic demand of
electricity. This situation is living since 2005, when big CHP plants
enterd into force in the surroundings of the City of Torino. The
electricity surplus was in 2011 equal to 1,6 TWh (approximally the
electricity demand of 1 Million of people).
15.000
12.500
[GWh]
10.000
7.500
5.000
2.500
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
Consumo elettrico
2006
2007
2008
Produzione elettrica
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo
2009
2010
2011
Green electricity
The production of electricity coming from renewables is up to 20% of
total production, while the share of internal electricity demand coverd
by such sources was up to 23%. The value related to 2010 is
particullary important because we had a EU target of at least 21% to be
reached.
100%
90%
80%
70%
[GWh]
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2007
2006
Produzione elettrica da rinnovabili
2008
Consumo elettrico
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo
2009
2010
2011
Final use of energy
The final energy demand in 2011 was sligthly over 4,2 Mtoe.
A decrease by 16% took place from the top-peak
consumption recorded in 2001. The reduction has been
particullary important between 2010 and 2011, and started
in 2007. By the last few years, only 2010 increased in
comparison the the previous year.
prodotti petroliferi
27,8%
teleriscaldamento
o calore acquistato
5,4%
6.000
fonti rinnovabili
termiche
4,9%
gas naturale
41,4%
5.000
energia elettrica
20,4%
3.000
2.000
1.000
energia elettrica
prodotti petroliferi
fonti rinnovabili termiche
gas naturale
teleriscaldamento o calore acquistato
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo
2011
2010
2009
2008
2007
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
2001
2000
1999
1998
1997
1996
1995
1994
1993
1992
1991
1990
[ktep]
4.000
Final use of energy
The energy demand dropped mainly in industry and
transport sector. Only civil sector (i.e. building) have a
non-decresing trend, as it is 35% higher than 1990. The
2011 value (around 2,2 Mtoe) is slightly higher than the
average values of the decades.
trasporti
24,8%
domestico
39,4%
agricoltura
1,3%
5.000
industria
22,1%
3.000
2.000
1.000
domestico
terziario
tot. usi civili
industria
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo
agricoltura
trasporti
2011
2010
2009
2008
2007
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
2001
2000
1999
1998
1997
1996
1995
1994
1993
1992
1991
1990
[ktep]
4.000
terziario
12,4%
Energy demand of buildings
In 2011 the building sector (private households and
Service&Commerce) are still the main sector in which energy
is required (52% of final uses). Private households are
responsible for 76% of total consumptions even if they are
losing importance against the service and commerce.
3.000
2.500
prodotti petroliferi
4,9%
teleriscaldamento
9,6%
fonti rinnovabili
termiche
9,4%
gas naturale
53,9%
totale consumi
terziario
23,9%
energia elettrica
22,2%
1.500
1.000
500
energia elettrica
teleriscaldamento
gas naturale
solare
olio combustibile
biomassa
G.P.L.
geotermia
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo
gasolio
2011
2010
2009
2008
2007
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
2001
2000
1998
1997
1996
1995
1994
1993
1992
1991
-
1999
totale consumi
domestici
76,1%
1990
[ktep]
2.000
Industry energy demand
Industry sector dramatically dropped between 2011 and 2010. The
decrease is even higher than the whatr has been recorded between
2009 and 2008, which was already quite surprising. In comparison to
2000 the energy demand of industry decresed by more than 33%.
1.600
1.400
1.200
[ktep]
1.000
800
600
400
200
2000
2001
energia elettrica
2002
2003
gas naturale
2004
2005
olio combustibile
2006
2007
2008
acquisto di calore
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo
2009
2010
2011
fonti rinnovabili termiche
Energy demand of transport
benzina
31,4%
The energy demand in transport sector is
decreasing, too. The value recorded in 2011 is the
lowest ever. The reduction was by 5.5% from 1990,
and by 25% from the top-peak of 2001.
energia elettrica
3,5%
Altro
9,4%
gas naturale
1,5%
gas di petrolio
liquefatto
4,4%
1.600
1.400
gasolio
59,2%
1.200
800
600
400
200
gasolio
benzina
energia elettrica
G.P.L.
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo
gas naturale
2011
2010
2009
2008
2007
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
2001
2000
1999
1998
1997
1996
1995
1994
1993
1992
1991
-
1990
[ktep]
1.000
CO2 emissions
In 2011 the CO2 emissions related to the use of energy, dropped for
the fisrt time below 12 Mton, nearly 20% less than in 1990. The
average kyoto Protocol period value is around 12,5 Mton, more than
14,9% less than in 1990 (pari a 14,7 Mton). The Kyoto Protocol target
is, thus, reached and nearly doubled since it should have been only
6,5% less than the baseline year.
125%
120%
115%
110%
105%
100%
95%
90%
85%
80%
Emissioni CO2
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo
Obiettivo di Kyoto
2011
2010
2009
2008
2007
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
2001
2000
1999
1998
1997
1996
1995
1994
1993
1992
1991
1990
75%
In conclusion
1.
The provincial energy system is very dependent from foreign
supply and from natural gas supply
2.
The energy demand is decresing at an unpredictable path, mainly
in industry and transport sector
3.
The Kyoto Protocol target is reached and nearly doubled
4.
The district heating system is increasing its importance
5.
The electricity production from renewables reache the target
fixed for 2010
6.
Renewables needs a further push to reach the foreseen targets
for 2020
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo
European Energy strategy
In Europe, energy supply is more and more dependent from foreigner
countries.
In business as usual trend dependency on total energy import will raise
by 15% within 2030, increasing from nowadays 50% to 65%. Natural
gas dependency will be 84%, oil up to 93%.
This dependency is a threat to political and economic strength of the
Union.
That’s why the European Union addressed its energy policy to efficiency, renewable
sources and low-carbon economy.
The fixed target are the 5 times 20 (20-20-20 to 2020) strategy:
•Increase of 20% of energy efficiency in comparison to actual trends
•20% of energy balance granted by renewable sources
•Greenhouse gases emissions 20% lower than 1990
All of these targets are due to be reached within 2020.
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo
Foreseen development of Renewable Energy Sources
Biomass burned in boilers
Heat from wood chips boilers
Heat from waste incinerator
Solar thermal
Geothermal
Hydropower
Biomass Power plant
Electricity from waste
Photovoltaic
Wind Power
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo
Foreseen final energy demand in 2020
Share of
RES
Foreseen trend
-20%
18,8%
Scenario A 3,3 Mtoe
Electric RES
Thermal RES
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo
Foreseen final energy demand in 2020
Share of
RES
Foreseen trend
Scenario B 3,5 Mtoe
17,7%
Trend -20%
Excluding actions
already in place
(trend2000-2011)
Electric RES
Thermal RES
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo
Foreseen CO2 emissions in 2020
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo
Download
Related flashcards

Economic theories

23 cards

Russian economists

23 cards

Demographic economics

14 cards

Create Flashcards