(B) describe major world religions, including animism, Buddhism

World Geography CBA Review
Fall 2013
7(B): Explain how political, economic, social, and environmental push and pull factors
and physical geography affect the routes and flows of human migration.
The Great Irish Famine is an
example of a:
A. pull factor
B. location
C. push factor
D. physical characteristic
Many people have come to the
U.S. because of the availability of
jobs. This is an example of a:
A. pull factor
B. political characteristic
C. human-environment
D. push factor
20(A): Describe the impact of new information technologies such as the Internet,
Global Positioning System (GPS), or Geographic Information Systems (GIS).
GPS is useful for:
A. travel and navigation.
B. finding urban population statistics.
C. educating students about new areas.
D. distinguishing climate zones.
9(B): Describe different types of regions, including formal, functional, and perceptual
A functional region is often organized around a specific focal point. Which
of the following is most clearly a functional region with a central focal
A. Southwest Asia and North Africa
B. Sub-Saharan Africa
C. Dallas/Ft. Worth Metroplex
D. Asia
4(C): Explain the influence of climate on the distribution of biomes in different
Broadleaf deciduous forests grow
best in regions with a -A. temperate climates with
adequate rainfall
B. Mediterranean climate
C. tropical wet and dry climate
D. arid climate
Tropical rainforests are found near the
equator where ample rain falls.
Tall grasses dominate in areas that tend to
be drier.
Plants that store water exist in areas with
temperature extremes and little rainfall
Which conclusion can best be drawn
from these three examples?
Tall grasses grow well in the Great
Climate greatly influences the types
of biomes found in different regions.
Cacti are usually found in desert
areas where it tends to be dry.
Rainfall is one cause for the rapid
growth of tropical rainforests.
3(A): Explain weather conditions and climate in relation to annual changes in EarthSun relationships.
Which best explains why we experience four seasons on Earth?
A. The gravitational pull of the moon
B. The distance between the Earth and the sun
C. The tilt of the Earth on its axis as it revolves around the sun
D. The effect of tectonic plate movement on Earth’s oceans
4(A): Explain how elevation, latitude, wind systems, ocean currents, position on a
continent, and mountain barriers influence temperature, precipitation, and
distribution of climate regions.
Compare Location A and
Location B. Based on your
knowledge of the factors that
affect climate and the map
above, which of the following
best explains why location A
and B have different climates?
A. Altitude
B. Different Latitude
C. Continentality
D. Wind currents
3(B): Describe the physical processes that affect the environments of regions,
including weather, tectonic forces, erosion, and soil-building processes.
9. The most common type of mechanical
weathering occurs when–
A. acidic water seeps into a crack in a
B. seeds take root in a crack in a rock.
C. water repeatedly freezes and melts in
a crack in a rock.
D. rocks collide during subduction.
10. The most frequent cause of major
earthquakes is the—
A. pressure from tectonic plate
B. occurrence of landslides.
C. gravitational pull of the moon as it
orbits Earth.
D. change in underwater currents.
11. A farmer sees an area he believes
will be good for farming because
of its rich topsoil. Which process
contributed most to forming this
rich topsoil?
A. Sand storms
B. Ocean currents
C. Decaying plant life
D. Folding of Earth’s crust
9(A): Identify physical factors such as climate, vegetation [and] river systems that
constitute a region.
12. Which of the following terms
describes an area that has
common landforms, soils,
climate, and vegetation?
A. a savannah
B. a physical region
C. a political unit
D. a continent
13. The Midwest is called “the
nation’s breadbasket” because-A. millions of loaves of bread
are produced there every
B. it is the crossroads of the
United States.
C. it is the region that produces
most of the nation’s grain,
dairy products, and hogs.
D. most of the nation’s fruit and
vegetables are grown here.
4(B): Describe different landforms and the physical processes that cause their
14. The Mississippi River Delta, which has been formed over centuries by the
depositing of silt as the river emptied into the ocean, is a(n):
A. escarpment
B. barrier
C. alluvial plain
D. canyon
7(A): Construct and analyze population pyramids and use other data, graphics, and
maps to describe the population characteristics of different societies and to predict
future population trends.
15. Based on the chart, which of the
following generalizations is most
Population is increasing rapidly
within the world and within each
Although world population has
increased, the distribution of
population has not
World population growth and
regional distribution are predicted to
level out over time
World population and world
distribution are expected to continue
to change dramatically in the future
6(B): Explain the processes that have caused changes in settlement patterns,
including urbanization, transportation, access to and availability of resources, and
economic activities.
16. On January 24, 1848, gold was discovered in Coloma, California, in the
foothills of the Sierra Nevada Mountains. How did this discovery lead to
changes in settlement patterns?
A. People fled from these areas to avoid mining operations.
B. Mining towns sprang up almost overnight where gold was discovered.
C. Population in the mountains increased rapidly as farmers arrived to
plant crops.
D. San Francisco’s population decreased as people moved inland to the
Sierra Nevada
7(C): Describe trends in world population growth and distribution.
17. Using the information in the
chart above which is one reason
why the population of Europe did
not increase as fast as other
A. Most Europeans live in small
B. Europeans began having
smaller families.
C. Other regions were involved
in a series of major wars.
D. Workers from other places
migrated to Europe.
8(C): Evaluate the economic and political relationships between settlements and the
environment, including sustainable development and renewable/non-renewable
18. Which human activity would be most likely to have a negative impact on
the environment?
A. Using reforestation to control soil erosion
B. Burning non-renewable resources to generate electric power.
C. Preserving endangered species.
D. Investigating the use of biological controls for pets.
11(A): Understand the connections between levels of development and economic
activities (primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary).
19. Which level of economic activity does each of the following represent? In
what type of country (level of development) are these likely to be found?
10(A): Describe the forces that determine the distribution of goods and services in
free enterprise, socialist, and communist economic systems.
20. What is a central characteristic of
a free market economy?
A. The government owns the
means of production
B. All wage earners are paid the
same amount
C. Labor unions are prohibited
D. Businesses are driven by the
desire for profits
21. In which economic system would
you expect the widest selection
of consumer goods? Explain why.
A. Traditional
B. Free Enterprise
C. Socialist
D. Communist
10(C): Compare the ways people satisfy their basic needs through the production of
goods and services such as subsistence agriculture versus commercial agriculture or
cottage industries versus commercial industries.
22. Which is a major feature of an economy based on subsistence farming?
A. Most adults work outside the home.
B. Farmers compete with each other.
C. Farmers raise just enough crops for their family to survive.
D. The government decides which crops will be grown.
18(C): Identify examples of cultures that maintain traditional ways, including
traditional economies.
23. Which statement best describes an aspect of traditional economy?
A. Profit motivates individuals to set up private businesses
B. The interplay of supply and demand regulates prices
C. Tradition and customs greatly influence economic decisions
D. Government directs and controls the means of production
5(B): Interpret political, economic, social, and demographic indicators (gross domestic product
per capita, life expectancy, literacy, and infant mortality) to determine the level of development
and standard of living in nations using the terms Human Development Index, less developed,
newly industrialized, and more developed.
24. The literacy rate of any country
correlates most closely with
which of the following?
A. Per capita income
B. Annual precipitation rates
C. General level of intelligence
D. Population density
25. Which of the following
characteristics is currently shared
by Switzerland, Canada, and New
Zealand, all more developed
A. Low population-growth rates
B. High infant-mortality rates
C. Low literacy rates
D. Most are involved in
subsistence farming
7(A): Construct and analyze population pyramids and use other data, graphics, and
maps to describe the population characteristics of different societies and to predict
future population trends.
26. What would you expect to find in
a country with zero population
A. A high birthrate and a low
death rate
B. More or less equal birthrates
and death rates
C. A low birthrate and a high
27. One would expect to find this
death rate
population pyramid structure in –
D. Low birthrates and death
A. Less developed countries
Highly developed countries
Countries with a low death rate
Countries with a high standard
of living
14(B): Compare how democracy, dictatorship, monarchy, republic, theocracy, and
totalitarian systems operate in specific countries
Level of
Power shared by
hereditary ruler
and a parliament
Decided by the
Controls all aspects
of life
Religious leader
has ultimate
Limited by law
Complete power in
the hands of a
single person and
his party
Origin of
Family line
Consent of the
Seized from
previous ruler
Religious belief
Constitution and
Chosen by the
28. What type of political system
does Country C have?
A. Democracy
B. Monarchy
C. Theocracy
D. Totalitarianism
29. What type of political system
does Country D have?
A. Democracy
B. Monarchy
C. Theocracy
D. Totalitarianism
17(B): Describe major world religions, including animism, Buddhism, Christianity,
Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, and Sikhism, and their spatial distribution.
30. Christianity, Judaism and Islam
and Sikhism are all similar in that
each religion:
A. Practices polytheism
B. Practices strict codes of
C. Practices monotheism
D. Originated in India
31. Animists generally believe that:
A. Meditation leads the
followers to Nirvana
B. After death the soul is reborn
in another human form
C. Holy wars must be fought to
gain entry into heaven
D. Spirits inhabit both living and
nonliving things in nature
11(B): Identify the factors affecting the location of different types of economic
activities, including subsistence and commercial agriculture, manufacturing, and
service industries.
32. Why do the majority of people who live in the middle of Canada make
their living from harvesting lumber?
A. Outsourcing has led to closure of factories
B. It is too hot and dry to support farming
C. There is an abundance of timber supplied by the subarctic climate
D. Government dictates people’s jobs
16(D): Compare life in a variety of urban and rural areas in the world to evaluate
political, economic, social, and environmental changes.
33. How does life in a rural village differ from life in an urban setting?
A. Villagers travel more often than urban residents
B. Village residents receive a more formal education than people in
C. People in rural villages often engage in subsistence agriculture and
cottage industries
D. People in rural villages have greater access to the latest technologies
Process Skills tested on the CBA
• Create and interpret different types of maps to answer geographic
questions, infer relationships, and analyze change.[WGS.21C]
• Design and draw appropriate graphics such as maps, diagrams, tables, and
graphs to communicate geographic features, distributions, and
• Generate summaries, generalizations, and thesis statements supported by
• Analyze and evaluate the validity and utility of multiple sources of
geographic information such as primary and secondary sources, aerial
photographs, and maps.[WGS.21A]
• Use geographic terminology correctly.[WGS.22C]
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