Commision for a Sustainable London 2012

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www.cslondon.org
UKGBC Embodied Emissions Seminar, 5 May 2010
Jane Durney, Team Leader
CSL and London 2012 Carbon Footprint Study
London 2012 Olympic & Paralympic Games
The Olympic Games is the world’s largest sporting event
Over 200 competing nations
17,000 athletes and team officials
38 sports
From 27 July 2012 for 16 Days
The Paralympic Games is the world’s second largest sporting event
Over 160 competing nations
4000 athletes and team officials
23 sports
From the 29 August for 12 Days
55,000 Olympic Family members (athletes, officials, media representatives,
VIPs, sponsors)
500,000 ticketed spectators each day, 6 FA cup finals per day
7.9 million spectators in total
120,000 workforce and volunteers
Sustainable…?
“ We want our One Planet Olympics to be the most
complete and sophisticated expression of
sustainable development ever delivered on a citywide scale. We want it to benefit not just London and
the UK, but to be a credit to the Olympic Movement
as a whole.”
Lord Coe, Environment Forum, 7 March 2005
Sustainable…?
“My team and I are fully focussed
on guaranteeing that London hosts
a spectacular sporting event for
athletes and spectators alike in
2012. Of equal importance is
ensuring that the Olympic Park has
a sustainable legacy and
becomes a landmark district of
21st century London, which
Londoners and visitors to our city
can use and prosper from.”
Boris Johnson
Mayor Boris Johnson
CSL’s Purpose…
To provide independent assurance
and commentary in order to enable
the sustainability objectives of the
London 2012 programme to be
achieved and to support a
sustainable legacy.
How we operate…
Olympic Board
Key
Stakeholders
Wider
Stakeholders
UK SDC
LSDC
ODA
Gov. Depts.
LOCOG
Host
Boroughs
Statutory
Bodies
GLA Group
GOE / DCMS
Chair
Officers
Professional
Institutes
NGOs
Core Commission (plus new commissioners)
Co-opted
experts
BOA / BPA
London 2012 Sustainability Governance
Carbon Review
Published December 2009
Commend groundbreaking work
by LOCOG and ODA
14 recommendations
Clustered around:
Measuring the footprint
Taking responsibility for the
footprint (and reducing as far
as possible)
Mitigating the residual footprint
London 2012 Carbon Management Strategy
To define and measure an initial baseline carbon footprint
(‘Reference Footprint’) of the Games, from which to measure
any carbon reduction activities.
To seek ways to reduce the carbon footprint through avoiding
emissions, reducing emissions and substituting conventional
systems with lower carbon technologies.
To influence the uptake of best practices and innovative
approaches developed by London 2012, and inspire behaviour
change, as a means to mitigate unavoidable emissions.
To implement climate adaptation strategies so that the legacy
development and parklands are appropriate for the long term.
London 2012 Carbon Footprint Study
Published March 2010
Groundbreaking
Methodology for events / large projects
Reference footprint
Bid win to closing ceremony
15 Accounting principles
Includes assumptions and conversion factors
Allocation – Owned / Shared / Associated
Source: London 2012 Carbon Footprint Study
3.4m tonnes – 67% embodied in construction
How it breaks down
‘000 tonnes
C02e
Venues
Transport
infrastructure
Owned ODA
Owned –
LOCOG
Shared –
Associated
1,728
1,728
1
429
591
Spectators
15
655
670
Operations
384
75
459
400
1,159
3,448
Total
161
Total
1,889
Total ‘owned’ emissions
2.3m tonnes
Big hitters
Source: London 2012 Sustainability Plan
Flights (345k tCO2e)
are a relatively small
component
Sustainable venues…?
A tale of two roofs …
3000 tonnes steel
100 tonnes steel
16km steel cable
30kg/m2 compared to 65kg/m2
for Beijing Velodrome
Ambitious targets
Buildings 15% more efficient than
2006 building regs
50% reduction in emissions
compared to 2006 BaU model
20% renewables in legacy
Low embodied energy materials (no
target)
50% materials transported by
rail/water
Local employment and travel plans
20% electricity for Games from
renewables
120g/km for Olympic fleet
Detailed carbon footprint
Commitment to use the power of
the Games to influence behaviour
The good news…
With the exception of the 20% Gamestime renewables target, all objectives
are on track to be achieved or there
are contingency plans in place.
More good news….
To our knowledge, this is the most
comprehensive carbon footprint
developed for any major event or
construction project in the world.
This is ground breaking stuff and
ODA/LOCOG are to be congratulated.
Reduction measures in preparation phase
Changes to Olympic Park Masterplan
Use of existing venues
Streamlined venues through value engineering
Sustainability choices at design stage for
procurement – materials and how transported
Low carbon concrete specification
Investment in sustainable transport and logistics
Programme-wide material reuse and recycling
measures
Balanced cut and fill approach
On-site soil treatment
‘Lean, mean, green’ energy strategy
Owned
emissions
2.3m t
1.9m t
However….
1.9m tonnes to watch some
people running around
Is this a fair price for the planet
to pay for a few people to see
the fastest man on the planet?
Mitigating the 1.9m tonnes
Do nothing and brush it all under the carpet
Not a very good idea, that’s why
we have an independent
Commission
Mitigating the 1.9m tonnes
Assume 70% of the infrastructure is invested in legacy so we
can amortise the carbon over the life of the venues and make it
look very small
In our humble opinion this would
be rubbish. The emissions are
happening NOW and we are giving
our children enough problems to
solve in the future already
Mitigating the 1.9m tonnes
Offset the whole footprint
We are not convinced by this
option. Offsetting can be
expensive and not the preferred
option for many NGOs
Mitigating the 1.9m tonnes
Create a fund to invest in community related energy efficiency
projects
We think this is a great idea but
the Olympic bodies consider it too
expensive
Mitigating the 1.9m tonnes
Create a legacy of knowledge, building on work by
ODA/LOCOG, to make the UK world leaders in managing
embodied impacts
We think this is another great idea
(so do Greenpeace - they thought
of it first). It is the preferred option
but will it happen?
Mitigating the 1.9m tonnes
London 2012 say they will:
Continue to seek additional reductions
Contribute to knowledge transfer and influence standards
Influence behaviour change
What will you do?
Are you part of the problem or
part of the solution?
Jane Durney
[email protected]
020 7593 8662
www.cslondon.org
Thank you
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