ART AND MUSIC IN THE AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT

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ART AND MUSIC IN THE AGE OF
ENLIGHTENMENT
ROCOCO
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ROCOCO WAS
INTRODUCED IN THE
1730s
STRESSED GRACE
AND GENTLE ACTION
CURVES AND
NATURAL SETTINGS
SECULAR
GOLDS AND CREAMS
BAROQUE-ROCOCO ARCHITECTURE
BALTHASAR NEUMANN 1687-1753
NEUMANN’S FOURTEEN SAINTS
ROCOCO ART: ANTOINE WATTEAU
WATTEAU (1684-1721)- FRENCHMAN
WHOSE WORK CENTERED AROUND
TOWN LIFE IN FRANCE
 KNOWN FOR LYRICAL VIEWS OF
NOBLE LIFE WITH UNDERLYING
SADNESS
 THEMES OF COURTLY LOVE
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WATTEAU’S DELIGHT OF LIFE
WATTEAU’S EMBARKATION TO
CYTHERA
G.B. TIEPOLO – ROCOCO ARTIST
1696-1770
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ITALIAN WHO HAS BEEN CALLED A
“UNIVERSAL PAINTER”
ABILITY TO CREATE MASTERPIECES IN
ALL FIELDS OF PAINTING: FRESCOES,
RELIGIOUS & CIVIC ART, PORTRAITS,
SKETCHES, ETCHINGS
KNOWN FOR HIS ELEGANT & LIGHT
STYLE
TIEPOLOS’ WOMAN WITH MANDOLIN
TIEPOLO’S SEATED RIVER GOD
JEAN HONORÉ FRAGONARD
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LATE ROCOCO FRENCH ARTIST (17321806)
KNOWN FOR HEDONISTIC AND LUSH
SCENES
PLAYFUL SUBJECT MATTER
THICK USE OF PAINT—IMPASTO
FRAGONARD’S
HAPPY
ACCIDENTS OF
THE SWING
NEOCLASSICAL ART 17TH & 18TH
CENTURY MOVEMENT
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NEOCLASSICAL ARTISTS SOUGHT TO
RECAPTURE THE DIGNITY AND
SIMPLICITY OF THE CLASSICAL APPEAL
OF THE GREEKS AND ROMANS
IMPORTANT ARTISTS IN THIS ERA
INCLUDED NICOLAS POUSSIN AND
JACQUES-LOUIS DAVID
NICOLAS POUSSIN - FRENCH
NEOCLASSICAL PAINTER 1594-1665
POUSSIN’S RAPE OF THE SABINE
WOMEN
POUSSIN’S LANDSCAPE
JACQUES-LOUIS DAVID FRENCH
NEOCLASSICAL ARTIST (1748-1825)
BAROQUE MUSIC STYLE 1600-1750
• ORNATE AND COMPLEX MUSICAL PATTERNS
• RELIGIOUS FOCUS, BUT ALSO SECULAR MUSIC
• OPERA, CONCERTO, CHAMBER MUSIC, ORATORIO,
HARPSICHORD
JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH 1685-1750
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Mass in B Minor
Saint Matthew’s Passion
Cantatas (choral work)
Motets ("a cappella" )
His task in life “wellordered music in honor
of God”
George Frederick Handel (1685-1759)
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More secular than Bach
Started by writing
operas
Often wrote huge,
unusual-sounding
pieces
Best known work is
religious—Messiah
CLASSICAL ERA OF MUSIC 1750-1830
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FULL ORCHESTRATION
SYMPHONIES
PIANO
THEMATIC
DEVELOPMENT
• HAYDN, MOZART
• BEETHOVEN
Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)
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Ushers in Classical
Era of music
Music center shifts from
Italy to Germany and
Austrian Empire
Prolific—composed
over 100 symphonies
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791)
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Child prodigy: first concerto
at 6, first opera at age 12
Dies debt-ridden pauper at
age 35
Widely considered the
greatest classical
composer—embodies
grace, precision and
emotion
Wrote three of the world’s
greatest operas: Marriage
of Figaro, The Magic Flute,
and Don Giovanni
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