LNG Shipping Global Scenario

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India is the 4th largest Energy consumer after US, China & Russia.
Primary energy consumption of India has more than doubled between
1990 and 2011.
The Indian gas market is projected to be one of the fastest growing in the
world over the next two decades: the IEA forecasts gas demand to
increase at 5.4% per annum over 2007-30 reaching 132 billion cubic
meters by 2030.
The power sector is the fastest growing area for energy demand,
increasing from 23 percent to 38 percent of total energy consumption
between 1999 to 2009.
India and China represented a combined 12% LNG market share in 2012.
The growing appetite for LNG in India and China resulted in 7.7% &
12.2% growth in LNG import in 2012
Natural gas currently contributes 8% of total energy consumption and is
projected to grow up to 20% by 2030 in India.
Source:- International Energy Agency
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India began importing liquefied natural gas from Qatar
in 2004 and increasingly relies on imports to meet
domestic natural gas demand gaps.
In 2011, India was the 6th largest LNG importer with
over 5.3% of the global imports.
Gas consumption has grown at an annual rate of 10
percent from 2001-2011
The power sector and fertilizer sector drives the Natural
Gas Demand in the country. The government has
identified these as priority sectors, which ensures that
they receive larger shares of any new gas supply.
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According to the Oil & Gas Journal, India had 43.8
Trillion cubic feet of proved natural gas reserves at the
end of 2012. About 30 percent of these are onshore
reserves, while 70 percent are offshore reserves.
The two most important companies operating India's
large gas pipeline system are GAIL and RGTIL. GAIL
is a state owned gas transmission & marketing company
having 8000 km (Source:- CRISIL) gas transportation
infrastructure. Reliance Gas Transportation
Infrastructure (RGTIL) is the largest private sector gas
transmission structure.
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Source:- GAIL 5
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Domestic natural gas supply to grow at a CAGR of 5.6 per cent over FY13-15
while gas demand to grow at a CAGR of 17-18 per cent thus aggravating the
deficit situation.
LNG imports are expected to increase at a CAGR of 19 per cent over FY13-15
but will only partially meet the shortfall, despite huge LNG re-gasification
capacity additions planned in the next 5 years.
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India’s Gas demand supply gap projection necessitating import of LNG.
Year
2015
2020
2030
Gap in
demand
and supply
MMTPA
14.175
22.05
40.95
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7
Terminal
Partners
Capacity
Supply source
Start up
date
Dahej
Petronet LNG (GAIL,
ONGC, Indian
Oil and BPLC (each
12.5%), GDF
Suez (10%), ADB
(5.2%) and private
shareholders (34.8%))
10 mtpa
Qatar – long
term (7.5 mtpa)
March
2004
Hazira
Shell (operator, 74%),
Total (26%)
3.5 mtpa
Merchant model
April
2005
Dabhol
NTPC, GAIL, Indian
banks15 (28.3%
each) and the
Maharashtra state
Electricity Board (15%).
5 mtpa
(1 mtpa
initially)
Possible:
Algeria, Qatar,
Australia,
Oman and Abu
Dhabi
2010
Total
Capacity
18.5 mtpa
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Terminal
Partners
Capacity
Supply source
Startup
date
Kochi
Petronet LNG
2.5 mtpa
1.5 mtpa for 20 years from
Gorgon, Australia (2014-15).
Possibly Qatar, Papua
New Guinea
2012
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Terminal
Partners
Capacity
Start up date
Dahej exp
Petronet LNG
2.5 mtpa
March 2014
Hazira exp
Shell, Total
6.5 mtpa
TBN
Kochi exp
Petronet LNG
2.5 mtpa
2014
Mundra Port
GSPC (75%),
Adani Group (25%)
6.5 mtpa
2012
Mangalore
ONGC & IOC
5 mtpa
2012
Total Capacity
23 mtpa
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Terminal
Partners
Capacity
Start up
date
Pipapav Port
Essar Group, Swan
Energy, possibly
GSPC Gujarat
Pipavav Port Ltd.
Intends to become a
partner
5 mtpa
2013
Ennore
TIDCO, IOC
5 mtpa
2017
Haldia
Spice Energy
2.5 mtpa
2011
Total Capacity
12.5 mtpa
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Demand for natural gas across the country in sectors
such as town gas and transportation in addition to
Industrial use and imported LNG can be an important
source.
Existing gas grid does not cover the entire country,
particularly the coastal regions.
Delays in expansion of gas grid owing to right of way
problems & difficult terrain.
Large coastline of about 7500 kms offers opportunity
for small LNG carriers and FSRUs.
Construction of small LNG Terminals at Andaman and
Sri Lanka under consideration.
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SCI is the first and only Indian Shipping Company to own
and operate LNG Tankers.
Major shareholder in 3 LNG tankers through Joint venture
partnership with the tankers on a long-term charter.
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Disha and Raahi (138,000 cbm) from 2004 and Aseem (155,000 cbm) from
2009.
SCI is the Ship Manager in all three tankers.
SCI is keenly participating in the shipping tender for
upcoming requirement for Petronet LNG Ltd’s Kochi
terminal project.
SCI is involved in commencement of cargo operations at the
Dabhol terminal through its role as Marine services operator
and 5 cargoes have been discharged till date.
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To emerge as the major Indian shipping
company for LNG transportation.
Plans for creation of a separate vertical in the
company for LNG Shipping.
SCI is in advanced stage of discussions for
shipping arrangement with potential importers
of LNG that have tied up long term LNG
purchase contracts.
To participate in ownership of additional 10-12
LNG tankers by 2017-2018 through the joint
venture route.
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The Shipping Corporation of India Ltd. was incorporated on 2.10.1961.
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Listed company in the stock exchange with Govt. of India (GOI) share of 63.75%.
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GOI has provided autonomy to the organisation by conferring Navratana status in August 2008.
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Today SCI is India’s largest and most diversified shipping company having about 38% share in Indian
tonnage - owns 80 vessels of 5.91 million DWT & manages 41 vessels on behalf of other agencies.
For the past fifty years, SCI has been providing yeoman service to the country’s economy by meeting the
ocean transportation requirements.
Presence in all the segments of shipping including Dry Bulk, Tanker, Container, Offshore segments and
LNG.
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Corporate network spanning the 4 metros of India as well as office at London
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Supported further by a strong agents network worldwide.
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SCI currently have 16 vessels on order which will be delivered in current and next year respectively.
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SCI Own three LNG carriers with total DWT of 229,687 under 3 separate joint venture companies with
Mitsui OSK Lines, NYK, K Line, Qatar Shipping Company, Qatar Gas Transport Company.
SCI mans and manages 3 LNG vessels – Only Indian shipping company with LNG carrier expertise.
LNG tankers are under 25 year charter carrying LNG from Ras Laffan, Qatar to Dahej Terminal of
Petronet LNG
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LPG/
Ammonia
carriers
0.6%
Dry bulk
carriers
16.8%
Liner
vessels
3.9%
OSVs
0.6%
Passenger
carriers
0.1%
Product
Carriers
16.1%
Crude
carriers
61.4%
Acid carriers
0.6%
Liner
vessels
Dry bulk carriers
Crude oil
tankers
Product
tankers
Acid
carriers
Gas
carriers
Pax
vessels
OSV’s
Nos.
6
16
23
15
1
2
1
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DWT
229,131
993,496
3,627,893
952,728
33,058
35,202
5,140
32,650
80 vessels – 5.91 million DWT
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Organization
Type of Vessels
No. of Vessels
LNG Carriers
3
Oil & Natural Gas Company
OSV’s & MSV’s
19
A&N Administration
Passenger-cumcargo
10
UTL Administration
Passenger-cumcargo
1
Geological Survey of India
Research Vessels
3
Department of Ocean Development
Research Vessels
5
India LNG Transportation Co. 1 , 2 & 3
Ltd.
Total:
41
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“Tanker Operator of the Year” on 18.04.2013 at Gateway Awards of Excellence Port & Shipping 2013”
Lloyds Awards for best container shipping from India to the U.K. – multiple times
“Gold Award in Transport Category” at India Pride Awards for 2010
“Ship Owner of the Year - India” award at the Maritime and Logistics Awards in 2010
“Tanker Operator of the Year” on 19.01.2012 at Gateway Awards of Excellence Port & Shipping 2012”
“Safest & Most Environmentally Conscious Indian Shipping Company” at the 2009 World
Maritime Day
“Best Shipping Line of the Year on 27.09.12 at 6th Express, Logistics & Supply Chain Awards”
“Seatrade Middle East & Indian Subcontinent Award” in the CSR category at Dubai in
October, 2011.
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“Training Award” from ‘Lloyd’s List’ for Middle East and Indian Subcontinent in 2012
Prestigious “Greentech Platinum Award”, in the Shipping Sector for its continuous
commitment to the community welfare and voluntary initiatives.
At Shipping Maritime & Ports event (SMP) on 08.02.12- “Fastest Growing Company Award
BT STAR PSU Excellence Awards 2012- in HR Managemenrt on 25.05.12
Dun & Bradstreet : PSU Awards 2012- in “Transport & Logistics Sector” on 28.05.2012
"Outstanding Contribution to the Seafaring Community” Award on the occasion of 'Day of the
Seafarer', on June 25, 2011
“Most Compassionate Employer of Indian Seafarers”, “Safest Indian Shipping Company” and
“Ship of the Year” awards instituted by DG Shipping.
On April 27, 2011, honoured with the Dun & Bradstreet – “Rolta Corporate Awards 2010”, in
the Shipping sector.
Maritime and Logistics Awards 2011, held on September 30, 2011, awarded as "Ship Owner of
the Year - Indian".
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