HELICOPTER OPERATIONS Helicopter Types Helicopter Types • Cormorant • Messerschmidt Helicopter Types Helicopter Types Helicopter Types - Cormorant Helicopter Types - Messerschmitt Bo 105 Helicopter Types - Messerschmitt Bo 105 Helicopter Types • It is also likely that certain civilian helicopters might be involved with a medical evacuation from a shore landing site. Helicopter Uses Helicopter Uses • • • • Transfer of injured persons Searching Rescue Transport of survivors Transfer of Injured Persons Transfer of Injured Persons • To speed up the transport of a patient to an appropriate facility to improve the patient's survival and recovery? • To extract a patient where their condition could be adversely affected by weather, road or wave conditions, or other factors affecting the use of ground transportation seriously delay the patient's access to advanced life support care? Transfer of Injured Persons • To provide the clinical skills or equipment needed to care for the patient during transport. Information Needed By Helicopter Information Needed By Helicopter • Joint Rescue Coordination Centre will request the use of a helicopter if it is deemed necessary. Information Needed By Helicopter 1 • RCM-SAR XX • Exact location of the vessel or accident, Latitude and Longitude • Accident location in relation to major landmarks • Nature of Accident • Number and relative ages of patients Information Needed By Helicopter 2 • Types of injuries of patients to be transported • Have patients been involved in a prolonged extrication • Frequency and call signs to communicate with auxiliary crews from the helicopter Winching Operations Winching Operations • At NO time are winching operations to take place off an open or partially enclosed rescue vessel. The dangers of capsize in the rotor down wash is too great. • When making a rendezvous with a helicopter, find and agree with the helicopter a suitable place for the rescue vessel to put the patient ashore, where the helicopter can land to pick the casualty up. Winching Operations • The helicopter pilot sits in the starboard seat of the cockpit and the winch is generally fitted above the starboard main door. • The vessel likely be requested to steer a course. • The helicopter will then approach with her head about 30° to 60° to port of the vessel’s course, as this will allow the pilot to see the vessel and to keep station on it, whilst any winching manoeuvres take place. Winching Operations Winching Operations • Winching procedures of helicopters above vessels should pay particular attention to transfer-of-personnel operations in restricted visibility or bad weather. Winching Operations • Before authorizing winching operations, the Coxswain should ascertain that: 1. the deck, overdeck and approach area (i) are clear of all foreign objects and debris, and (ii) have all loose objects, including personnel headgear, secured; 2. members of the deck party are wearing hardhats; Winching Operations Winching Operations 3. the deck party is not to touch the winch wire until it has been properly grounded to prevent inadvertent discharge of static electricity; 4. all personnel to be transferred between the vessel and the helicopter have been fully briefed on winching procedures; 5. The winch wire is not to be fastened to the vessel in any way; and Winching Operations 6. radio-telephone communications have been mutually established among the vessel and the helicopter; • Generally the helicopter will lower a crewman to a vessel to properly package a patient. The crewman’s instructions are to be followed. Winching Operations Landing Site Requirements Landing Site Requirements • Where a landing site is needed, it is most likely to be set up by shore-side rescue authorities or emergency responders. • However these slides are included to give some idea of what is required. Landing Site Requirements • The landing area should measure at least 60 feet square, but preferably larger (around 100 feet square) 1. Obstructions surrounding the site may necessitate it to be larger. 2. Remember that even though a helicopter may be able to land along a vertical plane in most situations, most helicopter pilots will want to have an approach and takeoff area. Landing Site Requirements • Consider the type of ground. – Don't want an extremely sloped or rocky field – Notify pilot of any obstructions such as tall grass, rocks, or loose dirt. The pilots point of view causes him not to be able to see them until right on top of them • Consider possible alternative sites if the accident site or first landing site chosen is possibly unfeasible. Landing Site Requirements Landing Site Requirements Landing Site Requirements Marking the Landing Site • Mark the corners of the site with secure items so that problems don't occur in the rotor wash. • Smoke isn’t recommended in this situation because most first responders in an overzealous mode will make the site invisible rather than just an edge Marking the Landing Site • At night, the landing area should be illuminated, but take caution not to blind the pilot on landing and takeoff – Have vehicles aim lights on low beams into the site – The helicopter pilot will most likely contact the ground crew to also turn these off so that the pilot and crew isn’t blinded on the approach – All helicopters have some sort of landing light Marking the Landing Site Continued • Clear the site of all debris that might get sucked up in the rotor wash (Failure to do this can cause an accident to the helicopter) – Only put signal markers in the center of the landing area on request of the helicopter pilot. Marking the Landing Site Marking the Landing Site Approaching the Helicopter • Stay out of the landing site unless accompanied by a member of the aircrew or directed by an aircrew member. • Always approach the helicopter from the front of the aircraft because of helicopter blind spots and danger areas. • Always approach the helicopter in a crouched position with IVs or long objects carried low or parallel to the ground Approaching the Helicopter • NEVER approach the helicopter unless signaled to do so by the pilot. Approach from a 90 degree angle. • NEVER approach the helicopter while the blades are in motion, unless assisted by the crew. • AT NO TIME is anyone permitted near the tail of the helicopter. Approaching the Helicopter • DO NOT assist the Flight Crew in the opening or closing of the helicopter doors. • DO NOT unload equipment unless requested by the Flight Crew. The Flight Crew will supervise the loading of the patient. • DO NOT smoke within the Landing Zone area. • DO NOT run near the helicopter. Approaching the Helicopter • DO NOT wear caps/hats or have loose items near the helicopter. • NO vehicles are to be driven onto the Landing Zone area. • DO NOT lift anything higher than your head. • DO NOT shine bright lights at the helicopter since it may affect the pilot's night vision Helicopter Approach Area Helicopter Approach Area Safe Dangerous Approaching the Helicopter • When approaching on a slope, approach from downhill, since the rotor will be closer on the uphill side normally, if unsure wait for an escort from the flight crew. • Never walk around in the tail rotor area. Helicopter Approach Area General Guidelines • Transferring patient(s) from the team litter to the helicopter litter is done outside of the landing area • Only the flight crew will open and close the doors or compartments on the helicopter • All unauthorized personnel should stay out of the landing area. Final Thoughts Helicopters don’t fly - they just beat the air into submission!