ssush 11-12

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My Notes
Fill – In Gaps in Your Notes with Mine
SSUSH 11
Cues/
Questions
Impact of
Railroads
Notes
•
•
Railroads = single largest
business in the US
Changed business practices
forever
• Accounting
• Organization
• Capital
•
Immigrant Labor
• German & Irish
laborers from East to
West
• Chinese laborers from
West to East
•
Development of the West
• Fed Govt granted
land to Rail Co.
• Rail Co. could sell
land for oil
production
Summarize @ Each Page Ending
SSUSH 11
Cues/
Questions
Notes
•
Trusts +
Monopolies
•
•
Monopoly = company owning
most of their competitors
• No room for
competition
• No room for fair
wage / prices
Trust = Company designed to
be in compliance with AntiMonopoly laws
• Trust ‘manages’
finances for legally
‘independent’
companies
John D. Rockefeller (1839 – 1937)
• 1863 – Rockefeller
entered the Oil
Refining Business
• Kerosene
• Standard Oil – 1870
• 1879 owned 90% of
all Refineries
Summarize @ Each Page Ending
SSUSH 11
Cues/
Questions
Trusts +
Monopolies
Notes
•
Andrew Carnegie – Steel
•
Cornelius Vanderbilt & Jay
Gould – Railroads
•
J.P. Morgan – Banking + Finance
Summarize @ Each Page Ending
SSUSH 11
Cues/
Questions
Electricity
Notes
•
Thomas Edison
•
Invented
• Electric light bulb
• Motion picture
camera
• Phonograph
• Power Grid
•
Industrial research
Summarize @ Each Page Ending
SSUSH 12
Cues/
Questions
Notes
•
New
Immigrants
•
1776-1880
• Most immigrants from
Western Europe
• England
• Ireland
• Scotland
• Germany
Beginning 1880s
• New Immigrants
• Eastern + Southern Europe
• Italy
• Greece
• Slavonic Countries
• Mid-East
• Poland
• Russia
Summarize @ Each Page Ending
SSUSH 12
Cues/
Questions
New
Immigrants
Notes
•
Ellis Island – immigration
processing center
• NY
•
Angel Island – immigration
processing center
• California
•
Processing
• 3-7 hours
• 29 Questions
• $25 fee
• Name Change in some
cases
Summarize @ Each Page Ending
SSUSH 12
Cues/
Questions
New
Immigrants
Notes
•
Immigrants
• Overcrowding led to
nativism & crime
• Increased demand for
agricultural goods
• Low-wage labor available
to exploit
• Cultural gains
• Opera
• Polka
• Pasta
• Hamburgers
• Frankfurters
• kindergarten
Summarize @ Each Page Ending
SSUSH 12
Cues/
Questions
Rise of
Organized
Labor
(Unions)
Notes
•
Union = group of workers in an
industry or profession who agree
to collectively bargain
•
AFL – American Federation of
Labor
• Samuel Gompers
• Not a Socialist /
Communist
• Against Striking (in general)
• Very Effective Strategies
until the G Depression
Summarize @ Each Page Ending
SSUSH 12
Cues/
Questions
Rise of
Organized
Labor
(Unions)
Notes
•
Pullman Strike
• 1893
• Pullman Place Car
Company
• Cut Wages
• Raised Rents
• ARU = American Railway
Union
• Pres Eugene Debs
•
President Grover
Cleveland = Broke Strike
using Military
• Debs arrested
Summarize @ Each Page Ending
SSUSH 12
Cues/
Questions
Notes
•
Battle of Little Big Horn
• Sitting Bull – Lakota
• George Custer – US
• Custer attacks natives
• Natives encircle &
slaughter US troops
•
Sitting Bull
• Ghost Dance
• Shot for refusing to stop
dance
•
Wounded Knee
• Sitting Bull’s followers
retreat to sacred territory
• Massacred by US Army
Westward
Expansion
Summarize @ Each Page Ending
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