Physical Features of Europe

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• Located in south central Europe
• Extends almost 700 miles in a crescent shape
• Stretch from Austria and Slovenia in the east
through Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, and
Germany to France in the west
• Covers about 80,000 square miles (the size of
Pennsylvania and Ohio together)
• The highest point is Mont Blanc at 15,771 ft.
 Means “ White Mountain”
 Border of France and Italy
• The Matterhorn is another famous peak
 14,692 feet
Mont Blanc
Matterhorn
• Forms a natural barrier
between Spain and
France
•Extends for about 270
miles from the Bay of
Biscay to the
Mediterranean Sea
The highest point is Pico
de Aneto at 11,168 ft.
(3,404m)
One of the smallest
countries is located here
Andorra
• Stretches in a wide
crescent-shaped arc
across Central and
Eastern Europe
 930 miles in length
 Found in the Czech
Republic, Poland, Slovakia,
Romania, Ukraine, Hungary,
and Serbia
• The highest point is
GerlachovskýStít in
Slovakia
 8,711 feet above sea level
• Home of Vlad Tepes
Ural Mountains seen from space.
• Natural barrier that
separates European Russia
and Asian Russia
•Extends north to south for
about 1,500 miles
•Considered some of the
oldest mountains in the
world
 erosion has worn down these
mountains
Some peaks are basically hills
•Most peaks range in
elevation 3,000-4,000 feet
Mount Narodnaya, the highest peak of
the Ural Mountains
Located on the southwestern tip of the European continent,
the Iberian Peninsula, includes the countries of Andorra,
Portugal and Spain, and the British Crown colony of
Gibraltar.
At its narrowest point, Europe and Africa are only five miles
apart.
•At the nearest point
of the Iberian
Peninsula, it is only
about five miles to
Africa.
• Consists
of Norway,
Sweden , and small
part of northern
Finland
•1,150 miles in
length and covers
about290,000 square
miles
• Very mountainous
region
Separating
Norway and
Sweden, the
Scandinavian
Mountains
(known as the
Kjolen Mountains
in Sweden) are
low level
mountains.
•Begins in the Alps of
Switzerland and flows
to the North Sea
•Flows about 820 miles
• Major river of
Western Europe
Has been since the time
of Roman Empire
•Begins in the Black Forest
region of Germany and
travels to the Black Sea
•The second longest river
in Europe and the major
river in Eastern Europe
•Flows for 1,770 miles
through Germany , Austria,
Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia,
Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania,
and Ukraine
•The longest river in
Europe
2,300 miles in length
Begins northwest of
Moscow and flows into
the Caspian Sea
•Parts are not
navigable during the
winter
•Very important in
Russian culture
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