Unit 1 - Earth`s Dimensions Review Powerpoint

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Regents Earth Science
Miss Wojdan
1. To an observer in New York State,
Polaris is always located above the
northern horizon at an altitude of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
23⁰
43⁰
66⁰
74⁰
1. To an observer in New York State,
Polaris is always located above the
northern horizon at an altitude of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
23⁰
43⁰
66⁰
74⁰
2. When the time of day for a certain
ship at sea is 12 noon, the time of day
at the prime meridian (0° longitude) is
6 P.M. What is the ship’s longitude?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45⁰W
45⁰E
90⁰W
90⁰E
2. When the time of day for a certain
ship at sea is 12 noon, the time of day
at the prime meridian (0° longitude) is
6 P.M. What is the ship’s longitude?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45⁰W
45⁰E
90⁰W
90⁰E
3. Earth’s hydrosphere is best
described as the:
A. Solid outer layer of Earth
B. Liquid outer layer of Earth
C. Liquid layer located below
Earth’s crust
D. Gaseous layer located above
Earth’s crust
3. Earth’s hydrosphere is best
described as the:
A. Solid outer layer of Earth
B. Liquid outer layer of Earth
C. Liquid layer located below
Earth’s crust
D. Gaseous layer located above
Earth’s crust
4. What is the most abundant
element in the Earth’s
atmosphere?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Silicon
Carbon Dioxide
4. What is the most abundant
element in the Earth’s
atmosphere?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Silicon
Carbon Dioxide
5. The solar time difference between
Points A and B is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
1 hour
2 hours
5 hours
12 hours
5. The solar time difference between
Points A and B is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
1 hour
2 hours
5 hours
12 hours
6. An observer watching a sailing ship at
sea notes that the ship appears to be
“sinking” as it moves away. Which
statement best explains this
observation?
A. The surface of the ocean has
depressions
B. The Earth has a curved surface
C. The Earth is rotating
D. The Earth is revolving
6. An observer watching a sailing ship at
sea notes that the ship appears to be
“sinking” as it moves away. Which
statement best explains this
observation?
A. The surface of the ocean has
depressions
B. The Earth has a curved surface
C. The Earth is rotating
D. The Earth is revolving
7. At which location would an
observer find the greatest force due
to Earth’s gravity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
North Pole
Equator
New York State
Prime Meridian
7. At which location would an
observer find the greatest force due
to Earth’s gravity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
North Pole
Equator
New York State
Prime Meridian
8. The latitude of a point in the
Northern Hemisphere may be
determined by measuring the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
Apparent diameter of Polaris
Apparent diameter of the Sun
Altitude of the Sun
Altitude of Polaris
8. The latitude of a point in the
Northern Hemisphere may be
determined by measuring the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
Apparent diameter of Polaris
Apparent diameter of the Sun
Altitude of the Sun
Altitude of Polaris
9. The true shape of the Earth is best
described as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
An oblate spheroid
A perfect circle
A perfect ellipse
A slightly eccentric ellipse
9. The true shape of the Earth is best
described as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
An oblate spheroid
A perfect circle
A perfect ellipse
A slightly eccentric ellipse
10. Compared to Earth’s crust, Earth’s core
is believed to be:
A. Less dense, cooler, and composed
of more iron
B. Less dense, hotter, and composed
of less iron
C. More dense, hotter, and composed
of more iron
D. More dense, cooler, and composed
of less iron
10. Compared to Earth’s crust, Earth’s core
is believed to be:
A. Less dense, cooler, and composed
of more iron
B. Less dense, hotter, and composed
of less iron
C. More dense, hotter, and composed
of more iron
D. More dense, cooler, and composed
of less iron
11. The interior of Earth between a depth
of 5,200 km and 6,300 km is inferred to
be composed mainly of
A.
B.
C.
D.
Silicon and Iron
Silicon and Oxygen
Iron and Lead
Iron and Nickel
11. The interior of Earth between a depth
of 5,200 km and 6,300 km is inferred to
be composed mainly of
A.
B.
C.
D.
Silicon and Iron
Silicon and Oxygen
Iron and Lead
Iron and Nickel
12. The diagram below shows latitude
measurements every 10 degrees and
longitude measurements every 15 degrees.
What is the latitude and longitude of Point
X?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40⁰S 45⁰E
50⁰N 45⁰W
60⁰S 30⁰W
75⁰N 30⁰E
12. The diagram below shows latitude
measurements every 10 degrees and
longitude measurements every 15 degrees.
What is the latitude and longitude of Point
X?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40⁰S 45⁰E
50⁰N 45⁰W
60⁰S 30⁰W
75⁰N 30⁰E
13. What is the approximate rate of Earth’s
rotation?
A. 1⁰ per day
B. 1⁰ per year
C. 15⁰ per day
D. 15⁰ per hour
13. What is the approximate rate of Earth’s
rotation?
A. 1⁰ per day
B. 1⁰ per year
C. 15⁰ per day
D. 15⁰ per hour
14. There is a 4-hour solar time difference
between locations A and B. What is the
difference in longitude between locations A
and B?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15⁰
23.5⁰
45⁰
60⁰
14. There is a 4-hour solar time difference
between locations A and B. What is the
difference in longitude between locations A
and B?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15⁰
23.5⁰
45⁰
60⁰
15. Which inference about tides is best made
from this graph?
A. The hourly rate of
tidal change is always
the same
B. The rate of tidal change
is greatest at high tide
C. The tidal change is a
random event
D. The tidal change is
cyclic
15. Which inference about tides is best made
from this graph?
A. The hourly rate of
tidal change is always
the same
B. The rate of tidal change
is greatest at high tide
C. The tidal change is a
random event
D. The tidal change is
cyclic
16. In which direction does each of the rivers flow?
A. The Sapphire River and the Garnet River both flow east
B. The Sapphire River and the Garnet River both flow west
C. The Sapphire River flows east and the Garnet River
flows west
D. The Sapphire River flows west and the Garnet River flows
east
16. In which direction does each of the rivers flow?
A. The Sapphire River and the Garnet River both flow east
B. The Sapphire River and the Garnet River both flow west
C. The Sapphire River flows east and the Garnet River
flows west
D. The Sapphire River flows west and the Garnet River flows
east
17. What is the gradient between Points X and Y,
if the distance between them is 2 km?
A. 40 m/km
B. 80 m/km
C. 100 m/km
D. 120 m/km
17. What is the gradient between Points X and Y,
if the distance between them is 2 km?
A. 40 m/km
B. 80 m/km
C. 100 m/km
D. 120 m/km
18. What is the highest possible elevation of this
mountain top?
A. 499 ft
B. 419 ft
C. 401 ft
D. 420 ft
18. What is the highest possible elevation of this
mountain top?
A. 499 ft
B. 419 ft
C. 401 ft
D. 420 ft
19. An isobar is a line on the map which
connects points of equal
A. Temperature
B. Pressure
C. Elevation
D. Rainfall
19. An isobar is a line on the map which
connects points of equal
A. Temperature
B. Pressure
C. Elevation
D. Rainfall
20. How are latitude and longitude lines drawn
on a globe of the Earth?
A. Latitude lines are parallel and longitude lines
meet at the poles
B. Latitude lines are parallel and longitude lines
meet at the equator
C. Longitude lines are parallel and latitude lines
meet at the equator
D. Longitude lines are parallel and latitude lines
meet at the poles
20. How are latitude and longitude lines drawn
on a globe of the Earth?
A. Latitude lines are parallel and longitude lines
meet at the poles
B. Latitude lines are parallel and longitude lines
meet at the equator
C. Longitude lines are parallel and latitude lines
meet at the equator
D. Longitude lines are parallel and latitude lines
meet at the poles
21. From which set of polar and equatorial
diameters can the actual shape of the Earth
be inferred?
A. Polar diameter = 12,714 km
Equatorial diameter = 12,714 km
B. Polar diameter = 12,714 km
Equatorial diameter = 12,756 km
C. Polar diameter = 12,756 km
Equatorial diameter = 12,756 km
D. Polar diameter = 12,756 km
Equatorial diameter = 12,714 km
21. From which set of polar and equatorial
diameters can the actual shape of the Earth
be inferred?
A. Polar diameter = 12,714 km
Equatorial diameter = 12,714 km
B. Polar diameter = 12,714 km
Equatorial diameter = 12,756 km
C. Polar diameter = 12,756 km
Equatorial diameter = 12,756 km
D. Polar diameter = 12,756 km
Equatorial diameter = 12,714 km
22. The time at Point X is closest to
A. 6 a.m.
B. 12 noon
C. 6 p.m.
D. 12 midnight
22. The time at Point X is closest to
A. 6 a.m.
B. 12 noon
C. 6 p.m.
D. 12 midnight
23. What two parts of the Earth’s interior are
considered to be part of the lithosphere?
A. Asthenosphere and Stiffer Mantle
B. Asthenosphere and Rigid Mantle
C. Crust and Stiffer Mantle
D. Crust and Rigid Mantle
23. What two parts of the Earth’s interior are
considered to be part of the lithosphere?
A. Asthenosphere and Stiffer Mantle
B. Asthenosphere and Rigid Mantle
C. Crust and Stiffer Mantle
D. Crust and Rigid Mantle
24. Which of the layers of the Earth’s interior is
liquid and not a solid?
A. Crust
B. Mantle
C. Outer Core
D. Inner Core
24. Which of the layers of the Earth’s interior is
liquid and not a solid?
A. Crust
B. Mantle
C. Outer Core
D. Inner Core
25. It is solar noon at location X. At which
location will solar noon next occur?
A. A
B. B
C. C
D. D
25. It is solar noon at location X. At which
location will solar noon next occur?
A. A
B. B
C. C
D. D
26. In which two Earth regions is oxygen the
second most abundant element by volume?
A. Crust and Hydrosphere
B. Crust and Core
C. Hydrosphere and Troposphere
D. Troposphere and Core
26. In which two Earth regions is oxygen the
second most abundant element by volume?
A. Crust and Hydrosphere
B. Crust and Core
C. Hydrosphere and Troposphere
D. Troposphere and Core
27. What is the approximate latitude and longitude of
the sunken ship?
A. 20.5⁰N 70⁰E
B. 20.5⁰N 70⁰W
C. 20.5⁰S 70⁰E
D. 20.5⁰S 70⁰W
27. What is the approximate latitude and longitude of
the sunken ship?
A. 20.5⁰N 70⁰E
B. 20.5⁰N 70⁰W
C. 20.5⁰S 70⁰E
D. 20.5⁰S 70⁰W
28. Which celestial object is shown in the
photograph near the center of the star trails?
A.
B.
C.
D.
The Sun
The Moon
Sirius
Polaris
28. Which celestial object is shown in the
photograph near the center of the star trails?
A.
B.
C.
D.
The Sun
The Moon
Sirius
Polaris
29. What is the approximate latitude and
longitude of Oswego, NY?
A. 43⁰25’ N
76⁰30’W
B. 44⁰35’N
77⁰30’W
C. 76⁰30’N
43⁰25’W
D. 77⁰30’N
44⁰35’W
29. What is the approximate latitude and
longitude of Oswego, NY?
A. 43⁰25’ N
76⁰30’W
B. 44⁰35’N
77⁰30’W
C. 76⁰30’N
43⁰25’W
D. 77⁰30’N
44⁰35’W
30. Which city in NYS has a latitude and
longitude of 42⁰05’N, 75⁰55’W, respectively?
A. Elmira
B. Binghamton
C. Buffalo
D. Old Forge
30. Which city in NYS has a latitude and
longitude of 42⁰05’N, 75⁰55’W, respectively?
A. Elmira
B. Binghamton
C. Buffalo
D. Old Forge
31. At which New York State location would an
observer measure the highest altitude of Polaris?
A. New York City
B. Slide Mountain
C. Niagara Falls
D. Plattsburgh
31. At which New York State location would an
observer measure the highest altitude of Polaris?
A. New York City
B. Slide Mountain
C. Niagara Falls
D. Plattsburgh
32. A scientist places a plastic block in a stream
at 1 p.m. By 5 p.m., the block had traveled
25 miles. What is the block’s rate of flow?
A. 4.5 mi./hr.
B. 5.0 mi./hr.
C. 6.3 mi./hr.
D. 7.2 mi./hr.
32. A scientist places a plastic block in a stream
at 1 p.m. By 5 p.m., the block had traveled
25 miles. What is the block’s rate of flow?
A. 4.5 mi./hr.
B. 5.0 mi./hr.
C. 6.3 mi./hr.
D. 7.2 mi./hr.
33. Which contour interval is used on both
topographic maps?
A. 10 ft
B. 20 ft
C. 30 ft
D. 40 ft
33. Which contour interval is used on both
topographic maps?
A. 10 ft
B. 20 ft
C. 30 ft
D. 40 ft
34. What evidence can be used to determine that the land
surface in the northeast corner of the map is relatively flat?
A.
B.
C.
D.
A rapidly flowing river
A large region covered by water
The dark contour line labeled 300
The absence of many contour lines
34. What evidence can be used to determine that the land
surface in the northeast corner of the map is relatively flat?
A.
B.
C.
D.
A rapidly flowing river
A large region covered by water
The dark contour line labeled 300
The absence of many contour lines
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