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Magic Squares Frank Ricci, Sarah Naqvi, and Katrina Reinprecht What is a Magic Square? Must consist of a series of numbers arranged in a square such that rows, columns, and diagonals add up to the same amount (the magic total) Where did the Magic Square originate? • China • Persia • Arabia • India • Europe Magic Squares in Chinese History Lo Shu Turtle Architecture - Heaven and Earth Significance of ‘5’ and ‘9’ Magic Charm & Fortune Telling Chinese Solar Year Magic Squares in Islamic/Hindu Cultures Spread through trade routes Used in astrology Yantras - Charms with special powers Jabir ibn Hayyan - Father of Islamic Alchemy Where are Magic Squares found today? Textile Museum Pieces from Africa Where are Magic Squares found today? Sudoku The order of the square is 3; that is, the square is a 3x3 The middle value between 1-9 is 5 5x3 = 15 5x3x3 = 15x3 = 45 = 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9