Indian Ocean Trade and the Umayyad and Abbasid Empires.

The Umayyad Caliph
The Umayyads, led by Abu Sufyan, were merchants of the
Quraysh tribe that tried to enter Mecca.
After adopting the religion of Islam, and winning a civil
war, Abu Sufyan’s son, Mu’awiyah, established himself as
the first Umayyad caliph.
the Bedouin tribes to
Islamic faith
-Conquered surrounding nations
including Byzantium and Persia.
Military aristocracy administered
the conquered and controlled
The Abbasid Caliph
Abu al-Abbas utilized Persian dissent and political conflicts to
rebel against the Umayyads.
Conquered people were
allowed into gov. posts.
Military aristocracy weakened
Became cosmopolitan
The Indian Ocean Trade
The Indian Ocean was the largest trading network up until
the 17th century.
It connected East Asia to West Asia.
Trade was made easy with the help of monsoon winds.
Contributed greatly to global economy.
Extended from east Asia through into to East Africa.
Why is the Indian Ocean
historically significant?
The Indian Ocean trade was significant
because of its location.
Because of its location it was able
to achieve cross cultural trade.
As a result of the Indian Ocean trade
basin production of cotton clothes increased
as well as specialized production of sugar,
leather, stone and carpet.
Due to the often rough ocean conditions
caused by monsoon winds, dhows and
junks were used to trade and travel.
It was the largest trade network until the
17th century.
Interactions Between the
Exports: spices from southeast Asia, incense and horses
from Arabia, and pepper and cotton textiles from India-
Imports: gold, ivory, and slaves from Africa, and silk and
porcelain from China
Trade of horses, salt, and cotton brought Islam to East Africa
Invention and of spread of the use of dhows allowed
Muslims to travel the Indian Ocean quickly and efficiently
Why did these interactions
These interactions because of the expansions and conquests
of the Abbasid and Umayyad dynasties.
During the Umayyad dynasties the conquests of North
Africa, the first and second siege of Constantinople, the
conquest of Hispania and the conquest of Georgia, the
Islamic/ Arabic world was expanded greatly.
By the end of the Abbasid dynasty, the Islamic Empire
stretched from the Indian sub-continent to the Pyrenees.
Why are these interactions
historically significant?
The interactions between the Umayyad and Abbasid
dynasties and the Indian Ocean trade was a major
contributor to the spread of Islam. Even today, Islam is still
a large religion with millions of worshippers.
Quiz Time
Name one way that the Indian ocean was historically
What were methods of transportation used to cross Indian
Name the two Islamic caliphs that were mentioned in this
power point presentation.
Name one way how the interactions between the Islamic
world and the Indian ocean occurred.