4-H Livestock Judging 101 - Oregon State University Extension

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2014 Mail-in Tournament
Month 1: Judging Basics


Evaluating an animal against a common
ideal.
One person’s opinion on that day!
1.
2.
3.
4.
Gather information
Observation
Comparison
Conclusion

What type of class is it?
o

Is this beef, sheep or swine?
What will the class be used for?
o
Is this class for market, feeder or breeding?




Stand back
Look from ALL angles
Notice big/most prominent features first
Take notes

In the same class:
o
o
Find the traits each animal has in common
Find differences between the animals

Decide your placing
o
o
o

Choose your top pair
Choose your bottom pair
Then choose your middle pair
Once you have decided your placing, fill
out your judging card.

Remember when you
fill out your judging
card, place a large X
in the box next to
your final class
placing.
4-H Clovers
CLASS 1
1234
1243
1324
1342
1423
1432
2134
2143
2314
2341
2413
2431
3124
3142
3214
3241
3412
3421
4123
4132
4213
4231
4312
4321
X

Oral Reasons
o
o
Express opinions in clear, concise manner
Be accurate and consistent

What are the first questions you should ask
before you begin judging?
o
o
What type of class is it?
What will the class be used for?
Class 1:


This is a class of 4-H Clovers
4-H Clovers are used to help promote the
4-H program.
1
2
3
4
4
1
2
3
Final placing: 4 – 1 – 2 – 3
4 is our top choice because it is a complete and accurate 4-H
clover.
1 is a 4-H clover, however it is missing a leaf, but is more
acceptable than 2.
2 is still shows some signs of the 4-H clover , but is more a 4-H
clover than 3
3 is a nice clover, but it does not meet the criteria of a 4-H
clover because it is lacking the four H’s and the 18 USC 707
label to make it an official 4-H clover.
Therefore, we choose 4 – 1 – 2 – 3 as our final placing.

What questions did you ask yourself?
o


Did other 4-Hers have a different placing?
Why and/or When would there be different
placings?
o

“What does a 4-H clover look like? “
Perhaps it is because everyone has a different opinion!
Would you rank Class 1 differently if you were
judging “clovers” and not “4-H clovers”?
Class 2:


This is a class of hats.
We are judging a class of hats for working
outside.
1
hardhat
3
football helmet
2
cowboy hat
4
winter hat
4
winter hat
2
cowboy hat
1
hardhat
3
football helmet
Final placing: 4 – 2 – 1 – 3
The winter hat is our top choice, because it will hold up to the cold
January weather.
The cowboy hat is practical for eastern Oregon and it wears well
during tough work, it just will not be as warm as the winter hat.
The hardhat will not be warm, but it will protect from heavy items
falling on our head. It is placed towards the bottom, because we do not
expect heavy items to fall on our head when working.
The football helmet is last, because it offers the least amount of
protection to January weather and it is awkward to wear, but it is a
nice color.
Therefore, we choose 4 – 2 – 1 – 3 as our final placing.

What questions did you ask yourself?
o

Did other 4-Hers have a different placing?
o

What were some of the questions they asked themselves?
Could you see how other people came up with their
final placings?
o

“What would I like to wear outside?”
Why or why not?
Could you argue some of the points in our oral
reasons?
Class 3:


This is a class of hats.
We are judging a class of hats for sledding.
1
hardhat
3
football helmet
2
cowboy hat
4
winter hat
4
winter hat
3
football helmet
1
hardhat
2
cowboy hat
Final placing: 4 – 3 – 1 – 2
The winter hat is our top choice, because it offers the most protection from the
snow and winter wind.
The football helmet is our next choice, because if you sled like us, your head
will need protection when sliding down steep, slick hills. However, the football
helmet would be very uncomfortable to wear, especially when sledding with
multiple people.
The hardhat is our third choice, because it will offer protection when sledding
into trees, but it may not stay on like the football helmet.
The cowboy hat is our bottom choice, because our ears are exposed to winter
weather and it will absorb the wetness of the snow, but it will stay on our
head!
Therefore, we choose 4 – 3 – 1 – 2 as our final placing.

What questions did you ask yourself?
o

Did other 4-Hers have a different placing?
o
o

“What would I normally wear when sledding?”
What were each 4-Hers’ reasoning for placing the class
as they did?
Did 4-Hers end up with similar or different final
placings even if they had the same reasoning?
Could you come up with a different final placing?
o
Why or why not?
Class 4:


This is a class of shoes.
We are judging a class of shoes for working
at fair clean-up.
1
Tennis shoes
2
Muck boots
3
Flip flops
4
High heels
2
Muck boots
1
Tennis shoes
3
Flip flops
4
High heels
Final placing: 2 – 1 – 3 – 4
The muck boots are a close first for working fair clean-up. They will be able to
protect us from water, sawdust or anything else in the barn.
The tennis shoes are ranked below muck boots, because they may not be able
to protect from all barn elements (dirt and water), but they are more versatile
for working in the exhibit halls, in addition to being more comfortable.
Flip flops are next because they offer minimal protection from dirt and water
and you can easily stub your toe wearing these. However, you will be able to
last longer on your feet than in high heels.
High heels may protect your toes, but they are not practical to work fair cleanup and be on your feet all day, especially when climbing ladders to hang
exhibit hall decorations.
Therefore, we choose 2 – 1 – 3 – 4 as our final placing.


Was this an easy class to place?
The type of class was pretty broad, would
your placing change if the class was more
specific to working in the exhibit hall on
fair clean-up?
o

Why or why not?
Did other 4-Hers have a different placing?
Present a
logical,
informative,
exciting
set of reasons that explain why you ranked
the class the way you did.










Accuracy of your statement
Thoroughness of your explanation
Ability to emphasize most important differences between two
animals (top pair, middle pair, bottom pair)
Diverse use of vocabulary (livestock, carcass, animal identification)
A logical order
Term variation
Avoid mixing numbers
Correct grammar
Proper eye contact
Correct posture

Familiarize yourself with judging swine:
o
o
Parts of the hog
Favorable characteristics for
• Market
• Breeding
o
Undesirable characteristics for
• Market
• Breeding
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